Disadvantages Of Rehabilitation State Prison

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Custody sentences are for punishment, rehabilitation and education, however, there are different views to youth imprisonment. Some critics say if you commit a crime you should take responsibility and jail will give you a ‘short sharp shock’ and you will receive rehabilitation. Whilst some say it is damaging to children and would lead to further reoffending once they are out due to learning crimes off other criminals. Evidence does suggest that children who have more than one risk factor present are more than likely to be involved in criminal activities (Hopkins Burke, 2016 p. 232). There are three penal institutions sometimes called secure estates - local authority secure children's homes, secure training centres and young offender’s institutes. …show more content…

However, crimes are committed whilst in prison, such as drugs and assaults. Some critics say the ‘three strikes and you are out’ law where repeat offenders get a longer sentence are wrong, as the third strike could be a lesser crime such as public disorder. Nevertheless, if just incapacitation and no rehabilitation some critics say will be costlier to society as they will go out and reoffend and, they are not employed and pay taxes. Rehabilitation is also a punishment which should improve the offender's behaviour and stop them committing crimes. Advocates of rehabilitation state prison does not work; however, critics of rehabilitation state prison does work as the criminal cannot commit a crime against the public while incarcerated (Cavadino, 2007 p 36/56). Detention and training orders came into force in 2000, this is a two-part sentence with first part in custody and second part back in the community under supervision. This is supposed to give the youth support on release and more positive reintroduction back in to society. Part of rehabilitation are interventions such as, offending behaviour programmes, target neighbourhood prevention programs, mentoring, restorative justice, and intense supervision and surveillance programs under youth offending teams. However, this could lead to the child being labelled and could make matters worse (Burke, 2016 pp 225/256). Incapacitation and rehabilitation are linked to the positive school - predestined actor from the late 19th century. Where external and internal factors play a part and they are fated to be a criminal. The scientific grounds are offenders and people who have not yet offended can be given help, and they can be diagnosed by experts and receive treatment needed to not offend (Cavadino, 2007

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