Introduction There have been a variety of studies, which have established how disruptions to attachment and bonding can negatively effect on emotional and psychological development. Family separation and loss experiences have been clearly identified as a risk factor for mental health problems in childhood and adulthood. Way of thinking, temperament and experiences all things play important roles, children who have had broken up relationships with primary caregivers are more likely to have compromised mental health. Separation and loss can be traumatic and its impact depends on the situation of the separation or loss. The work of Van der Kolk (1996) and others (Glaser, 1998) also work on the effect of attachment on mental health ,time addition ,situation ,or conflict between child r care giver, sometimes effect psychological and biologically.
Introduction Imagine growing up with the fear of constantly being abused by your parents, or not knowing the next time that your caretakers would feed you. Believe it or not, that is the reality for many children living in the United States, which is why the foster care system was established. The foster care system was created to find homes for children who are unable to live with their biological parents, for reasons such as death, abuse, or an unhealthy home environment. Today, there are around 500,000 children residing in the system, and this figure is growing daily (American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 2013). There has been some controversy about how the government handles the foster care system, as some believe that there
Stress can have the power to deteriorate the human body mentally, emotionally and physically. It is known that stress can affect an unborn child significantly. At such a delicate time in child development, the stressors received by the mother can cause permanent damage to the unborn child. Maternal and prenatal stress and can affect brain development caused by adverse pregnancy outcomes, which include fetal growth retardation and autism (Relier, 2001). When an infant is frequently terrified, which triggers the brain to produce too many stress hormones early in life, it can cause the brain to become incapable of responding normally to stress.
Research Research today highlights some of these very issues identified by Chris and Chris. Statistics indicate LGBT individuals have higher percentages of drug and alcohol abuse, are ate greater risk for depression and suicidal ideation, and identity crises. “Conversations taking place in today’s therapy offices reflect the change. Although many lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered (LGBT) people still bring issues of discrimination and fear of rejection to their psychologists’ offices, they are just a likely to discuss such mainstream issues as parents and fears about aging” (DeAngelis, 2002). Substance Abuse “Studies suggest that up to 33% of the LGBTQI population have difficulty controlling their drug or alcohol use, compared to 3-10% of the heterosexual population” (Leible, 2012).
“Among effects of divorce on children are negative emotions like bitterness, stress, emotional pain, anxiety, fear, feeling betrayed and loss of self-esteem.” It is normal for a child to feel these different emotions because of the impact of his/her parents separation. Another article Children’s responses to separation and parental conflict. “High conflict typically includes significant levels of anger and distrust.” Child’s response depends on how big the impact of the situation to him/her. Like on the statements and researches that other authors and articles said parent separation leads to a roller coaster of emotions to children, they can’t even trust themselves because of the lack of parental motivation in their early stage of growing. The number of affected teens is more likely higher than those who took the separation positively cases in other places such as early pregnancy and so on are highly mainstream and increasing.
The world population has reached 7 billion people. Of these, an estimated 230 million people or 5% of the world’s adult population abused drugs at least once in 2010 according to United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2011). Approximately 27 million (0.6% of the world adult population) are problem drug users or drug addicts (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2011). Drug addicts require treatment. In 2009, 4.5 million people worldwide were receiving treatment for problems related to drug abuse, though the need is much higher.
Foster care is unfavorable to American society, because “according to national statistic 40 to 50 percent of those children will never complete high school. Sixty-six percent of them will be homeless, go to jail or die within one year of leaving the foster care system at 18.” “80 percent of the prison population once was in foster care, and that girls in foster care are 600 percent more likely than the general population to become pregnant before the age of 21.” BRITTANY NUNN (2012), author of Statistics Suggest Bleak Futures for Children Who Grow up in the Foster Care
“Congressional findings in the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 posited that juveniles were five times as likely to be sexually assaulted in adult rather than in juvenile facilities - often within their first 48 hours of incarceration. Youth advocacy groups report that juveniles housed in adult facilities are 36 times more likely to commit suicide” (Parsell). This hostile environment leaves a lasting impression on a young prisoner's personality, making assimilation into
But the child that experiences this can be scared for a lifetime. This strain can begin as soon as birth is given to a child, throughout his /her eighteen (18) years of childhood. Nevertheless that child can have flashback of the event straight over into their adulthood depending on how they cope with the situation. Traumatic experiences often involve a threat to life or safety, but any situation that leaves you feeling overwhelmed and alone can be traumatic, even if it doesn’t involve physical harm. A trauma can be triggered by any of these experiences; sexual abuse or assault, physical abuse or assault, emotional abuse /psychological maltreatment, neglect or even by a serious accident or injury.
Children who grow up with divorced parents have many adjustment difficulties. There is a strong impact of divorce, and understanding it helps the growing area of research. Preschool age children may specifically become belligerent or overly attached, grade school children may show new behaviors such as rejecting school (Kelly 1). Middle high school aged children may lack motivation, find negative influences, experiment sexually, or engage in self-harmful activities (Kelly 1). Other behaviors that are common are refusal to spend time with one parent, becoming overburdened with responsibilities and other behaviors likely serve to meet the child’s needs, and feeling guilty.