d. The Reasons That Led Countries To Declare War On Each Other: Austria-Hungary: The preservation and stabilisation of the Empire. Austria had many internal problems due to the effects of nationalism. The war for them was seen as an opportunity to assert its rule. We also had some other major factors participating for example one was the reliance on the German Support. Two, there was also the belief in a quick victory and the influence of militarism.
However, it caused the World War because of pre-existing conditions, that caused countries to be on the brink of war. It was the alliances that divided Europe already into two major teams, causing tension between countries in the opposing alliances. Militarism set countries on the race to build the biggest army and navy which also caused tension between countries which were competing in the race to build the biggest military. The arms race got the countries ready for war, and since all countries build massive armies the war became one of the bloodiest wars that wrought havoc upon
Their political views were very different and it, probably, cause problems in Germany’s foreign policy. Slowly Bismarck’s Realpolitik changed to Wilhelm’s II Weltpolitik. Weltpolitik included aggressive diplomacy, overseas colonies and the development of large navy. So his foreign policy with Great Britain, France, Russia wasn’t successful, also with Austria-Hungary. In general Kaiser Willhelm II’s foreign policy on these countries leaded to the First World War.
The Schlieffen Plan, of the The First World War was an operational plan designed by the German army to wage a successful two front war against France on the west, and Russia on the East. Arguably this is one the most known battle plan throughout history as it played an enormous role in the outbreak of war in 1914. One of the reasons why the plan was devised was because of rapid rise of tension and instability in Europe, and with the formation of the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entete, things only become worse. The plan eventually came into development as the German Military began to fear a possible combined attack from Russia, France and Britain which would obviously lead to the defeat of the German forces. Therefore, as a counter to the
It is believed that this and many other disagreements in ideology eventually led Hitler to invade Russia to show how Nazism and the Aryan race were superior to communism and the baltic race. To interpretation one can say that this pact was merely a ticking time bomb preventing the inevitable to happen but other historians say that it was the interest of resources and the greed of power that caused the breaking the pact. Before the invasion of Russia, Germany was using vast amounts of resources like oil to feed their war machine that needed immenses amounts of fuel. Germany was using oil at an alarming rate and needed to find other sources of oil before it ran out and being that Russia had an abundance of oil coming from the caucasus fields near the eastern front, it made hitler's decision to invade Russia and take over the fields convenient, likewise Hitler had the means to break the pact in order to acquire the other half of Poland in his quest to unite all of the German speaking regions of Europe, this would not only increased his influence but it wouldve made him acquire resources like oil that were present on that
So, how did another world war, more destructive than the first, originate with Germany and go unchecked by the League of Nations? And, how did America get sucked in again? War requires well-thought-out, incisive strategy to both beat the enemy and preserve as many men as possible. Though it ultimately failed, Adolf Hitler 's military strategy during WWII was initially devastatingly effective. By the end of the 1930s, Hitler had consolidated nearly all the power in the German government in himself.
It is clear that external influence, directly and indirectly, changed the outcome of the war. If the British had not supplied and traded with the Confederacy, the war could have ended sooner. If other countries such as France, Spain, or Russia joined the fight for ether sides, the war could have been extended for years and more blood would be spilled. If the slaves or Native Americans had not taken sides, the Union could have lost and the Confederacy would have gained independence. External influence in every war known throughout history has changed the balance between sides.
The Treaty of Versailles had an immense significance over Germany in 1919-1939 as it would cause large political, economical, financial, geographical, and military changes for Germany and would result in the rise of the Nazis. The Treaty of Versailles was a treaty to help “settle” international conflicts after World War 1 by deciding who was responsible for the war and how they should be punished. The treaty was written up by Great Britain, France, and The United States of America. Germany was ultimately decided as responsible for the war and was punished heavily as a result. This was in large part due to the complaints of George Clemenceau about the treaty’s original leniency.
Nationalists believed war was important and played an important role in international politics. Nationalism had emerged from the nineteenth century and national glory was significant for nationalism. The Pacifist opposition to nationalism was seen as a betrayal of one’s country. Communism The class theory criticized the nations and nationalist organization. The Communists believed loyalty should be towards class and not towards the nation.
Nationalism enabled nations to rise to unprecedented heights; in modern days, nationalism weighs down nations, dragging them into a pit of violence and economic decay. Nationalism in a globalized world can and will continue to exist, but its continued presence will only serve to hinder nations, causing unnecessary friction and hostility across the globe. However, As an international community, we must focus on peace and cooperation rather than competition and animosity; our greatest successes—economic, diplomatic, scientific, and otherwise—will be made possible when there will be a balanced approach towards Nationalism and Globalization. As Albert Einstein once argued, "nationalism is an infantile disease. It is the measles of mankind."