Africa is by far, struggling the most with its ongoing battle with AIDS. In comparison with the rest of the world, they have the largest number of infected people. Throughout the years, millions of people are catching this virus and nothing seems to be getting done to prevent it. In the US they’re are discussion groups and early childhood classes on safe sex and how AIDS and HIV can be contracted. When the time comes that young adults are beginning to become sexually active they need to take the necessary precautions.
Dry eye syndrome (DES) is one of the most common types of ocular diseases seen in daily practice and has been recently considered as a major problem in public health. It is a disorder of the tear film layer due to tear deficiency or rapid tear evaporation resulting in symptoms of ocular discomfort. Currently, there is a need to find the most simple and efficient way to treat dry eyes. Artificial tears are the most common types of agents used in treating dry eyes, but it may not be the most effective. Various treatments such as warm compresses or punctal plugs can also be used to help relieve dry eye symptoms.
Once again, Katrina resulted in over two thousand deaths, damaged approximately ninety thousand square miles, and cost over one hundred and forty-five billion dollars. Many survivors blamed the federal, state, and local government for the extremely slow response and lack of resources to handle such a tragedy. Thus, the US President authorized the Department of Defense to create DSCA, which authorizes the US Military to work in conjunction with FEMA in response to national disasters. This action allowed the federal, state, and local governments to develop an action plan known as the National Guidance of Preparedness, signed into law in August 2011. The NGP is considered doctrine for the Active and Reserve Military’s role in assisting the state and local government’s ability to prepare, respond, and recover the affected areas.
There's five different mutations of the Ebola virus: Ebola Zaire, Ebola Sudan, Taï Forest Ebola, Ebola Reston, and Bundibugyo Virus (“Ebola” 1). With so many different symptoms, which require a different attack. The Ebola virus is complex, making it even harder to fight. Ebola has intense symptoms, High fatality rates and no cure. “In humans, certain Ebola viruses can cause fatality in 50 to 90 percent of cases” (“Ebola” 1).
First of all, the great range of diseases made it almost impossible to stay healthy. “The diseases ranged from the measles, smallpox, mountain fever, and cholera, the biggest problem, leaving people dead in 2 hours” (Trinklein). This quote shows how there were many diseases, multiplying the travelers’ chances of death. Another piece of evidence that shows how life on the Oregon Trail was hard is the medical knowledge at the time. “Most people who died during the trip west became ill from disease which there was no cure at the time” (Underwood).
When the victim is bit by the flea the toxins drain to the nearest lymph node and swells to a tumor or a bubo. The average time to die with the bubonic strain of the plague is twenty-three days whereas the plague bacteria can break out into the bloodstream causing septicemic strain of Black Death (historytoday.com).The septicemic strain of Black Death is far worse than the bubonic plague it spreads the bubos to other parts of the body, the septicemic strain causing the pneumonic plague therefore this strain is the most dangerous. You could breathe the air of the infected and be dead within two days (The Black
Conditions for the small country worsened as a devastating earthquake struck Haiti in 2010, and over 300,000 people were killed, and 1.5 million were displaced, leaving them homeless. Just months after the earthquake hit, Haiti experienced the worst cholera outbreak in recent history, killing thousands, and infecting more than 6% of the population (Cook). Despite efforts from humanitarians and charities around the world, things never seemed to get better as access to clean drinking water and safe shelter became scarce. As the environment became virtually uninhabitable, many Haitians came to the United States, seeking asylum, and an opportunity to better the lives for themselves and their
In 1975 an official census was taken and concluded that the population of Somalia was approximately 10,616,380.2 Since then because of the famine and clan wars that have plagued Somalia, the census bureau has been unable to acquire a more recent and updated population estimate. Of the approximately 10.6 million people who call Somalia their home, in 2014 almost 35,000 living adults were infected with either HIV or AIDS.2 If that wasn’t bad enough the people of Somalia are constantly trying to avoid contracting a number of other bacteria and diseases. Some of the worst are a protozoal diarrhea, Hepatitis A&E, typhoid fever, dengue fever, malaria and rabies.2 Because of the combination of these diseases and bacteria accompanied by the
At that moment, the infant’s father attacked me, threatening to punch me. It was nerve-racking; we had a sick infant and understandably angry parents at the same time. We were running out of options. From the experience gained from the emergency procedure conference last month at Harvard, I decided to place a scalp line. It worked!
Over one million people die from mosquito-borne disease every year. In recent years mosquito-borne diseases have emerged as a serious public health problem in countries of the South-East Asia region, including India and Nepal. Many of these particularly Dengue Fever, Japanese Encephalitis (JE) and Malaria occur on annual basis causing considerable morbidity and mortality. Adding to this list ,Zika-Virus has emerged out as a new public health threat. According to the Epidemiology and Disease Control Division (EDCD), Nepal , the mosquito linked to the spread of Zika in the Americas, Aedes aegypti, is already present in Kathmandu and other major cities.
One major disease was small pox. Smallpox, an acute contagious viral disease, with fever and pustules usually leaving permanent scars. It was effectively eradicated through vaccination by the year 1979. Many people died from this disease. “A violent kind of smallpox rages in Charles-Town that brings most of the businesses to a halt.
In his book The Great Influenza and in other articles, Barry builds on Jordan’s findings to argue that flu overwhelmed a local doctor in Haskell County, Loring Miner, forcing him to sleep in his buggy between night calls until he eventually became so perplexed by the disease that he filed a report with the United States Public Health Service in late March.32 But this note comprises only single sentence in the 5 April 1918 issue of Public Health Reports. It reads: ‘On March 30, 1918, the occurrence of 18 cases of influenza of severe type, from which 3 deaths resulted, was reported at Haskell, Kansas.’33 Using the local gossip columns of the Santa Fe Monitor, Barry was able to further elaborate on the significance of this otherwise obscure reference to flu activity, suggesting that these cases had actually occurred in February but were only reported at the end of March before finally being published in April.34 He argues that from this localized outbreak the flu spread to nearby Camp Funston, Kansas, at the beginning of March, then to other army camps across the United States, and later around the world after American troops arrived in Europe.35 Edwin Oakes Jordan identified only one other possible site for the origins of the 1918 flu: China. South East Asia had been linked to the origins of previous pandemics – at least in the minds of their chroniclers, and we now know that new
It is critical to some ones safety that they abide to the containment requirements. Ebola Sudan can and will always be a lethal virus. “YuG, a manufacturing factory cloth worker became ill with Ebola Sudan, and passed away on July sixth, nineteen seventy six. One of YuG’s coworkers later became ill with the same virus and passed away eight days later. During the same month another one of YuG’s coworkers passed away on July twenty-seventh, nineteen seventy-six” (Team).