According to the narrator, every living thing is flawed in some way, nature’s way of reminding us that every living thing eventually dies. Aylmer’s revulsion for his wife’s birthmark suggests the horror he feels at the prospect of death. He is a smart man, but his misinterpretation of the symbol on Georgiana’s face leads him astray. He mistakenly comes to believe that if he can root out this symbol of transience, it will mean that he has the power to prolong life indefinitely. Aylmer also mistakenly believes that the birthmark represents Georgiana’s moral decrepitude and spiritual flaws even though she isn’t a woman prone to sin at all.
Natural catastrophes, which are at the center of the Poème sur le désastre de Lisbonne, play a minor role in Candide. It is man's evil behavior and his abstract naïveté or wretched in- difference to this evil, his determination to look away or to see through rose-colored glasses, that are at stake. Voltaire's Candide is not addressed to God, but it is constantly and permanently ad- dressed to all of us” (Dieckmann, 35). As indicated by the quotation, all the events of the main character Candide is definitely pessimistic more like than optimistic. Everywhere Candide goes except the place Eldorado, are full of pessimisms.
After a long conversation with Mustapha Mond, John even forces himself to throw up in order to purge himself of civilization, explaining that “It poisoned me.” John does not see himself as a part of society like Lenina does; in fact, because he has always been treated and considered as an outsider, John is the very embodiment of individualism and natural instinct. John is all the more dangerous because of his refusal to accept the World State’s society and conform to their societal
I must at last renounce thy optimism.’ ‘What is this optimism?’ said Cacambo. ‘Alas!’ said Candide, ‘it is the madness of maintaining that everything is right when it is wrong’” (Voltaire 49). There was no way for Pangloss to guess at the “abomination” or tragedies that Candide would encounter. Candide had witnessed or experience a mass of misfortunes, and the horrors told by the slave was the final straw for Candide. Candide “cried” that “it is the end.” Candide was emotional in the moment where he realized he no longer could believe in the philosophy in optimism, and he “renounced thy optimism.” He cried because his whole belief system had been proven wrong, and Candide was left with nothing.
Especially after George’s wife dies, Gatsby’s hopes of bringing back the past become more and more bleak and grey. The grey dust symbolizes how Gatsby will never be able to achieve his goal, yet he keeps trying, only to become a slave to his own desires affecting him negatively. Fitzgerald describes Gatsby is killed by an “ashen and fantastic figure” (161). The appearance of this grey figure indicates Gatsby’s disillusionment and death. It also means all the things including Gatsby’s dream and life are ended in the bleak and gloomy tragic grey atmosphere.
Soon after he gets rejected from the De Lacey family, he exclaims to Victor, “Cursed, Cursed creator! Why did I live? Why, in that instant, did I not extinguish the spark of existence which you so wantonly bestowed? I know not; despair had not yet taken possession of me; my feelings were those of rage and revenge” (117). The monster explains that he had been truly overcome with anger because of the De Lacey family’s rejection of him.
The philosophers believed they could make the world a better place to live. Voltaire is this optimism. Ian Bell says: "Argument" optimistic ", then, a complex and demanding, but like all ironic Voltaire was decided so far that self-indulgent and absurd seemed to simplify, and went to doubt our chances of ever securing" eternal salvation "(1-2). According to Voltaire true happiness can only be in an unreal world after leaving Eldorado in its finally abandon optimism culminated be experienced. The masses disasters Candide takes.
The two main themes from the story are childlike belief and naïveté, as well as destructive (radical) optimism, which are embodied in the characters of the story. Candide embodies both themes because his childlike naivety and belief in Pangloss’ teachings causes him to suffer through many different disasters until he is willing to adopt another philosophy; his inability to construct his own only further illustrates his naivety and inexperience with the world. This ignorance is the root of the dangers behind radical optimism as it prevents informed, logical, and rational thinking about the world. Even after being enlisted in the army that destroys his old home, and apparently rapes and slaughters his love Cunegonde (Candide 4), Candide remains naïve and trusting. Candide’s constant loop of disasters happens only because of his naivety, and the repetition emphasizes that warning that Voltaire is trying to present to his
He denies the fact that it is impossible, till it is thoroughly pointed out to him that it has happened. After that, he no longer is king and is taken from his throne. His downfall was brought upon him from his excessive pride; he is so full of pride throughout the book that he continually denies that anything bad can happen to him. It is written like this in order to show that being to conceit, and believing that it horrible things can’t happen to people, will make people blind to when it does happen. When Tiresias the blind prophet come to Oedipus to bring him the prophecy, Oedipus is too prideful to see what Tiresias is trying to say.
You may believe the heroism is something found in distant conflicts or stories of hardship that come to a mythical character, perhaps Hercules of Greek mythology or the soldiers of World War 2. To the surprise of many, however, heroism takes place not just in these epic tales of extreme gore and violence, but instead in your hometown. This is exactly the situation the town of Salem, Massachusetts found itself in as they fell into peril. As illustrated in Arthur Miller’s “The Crucible”, the fear of witchcraft and petty hatred towards others lead to the downfall of innocent lives. Throughout the destruction of the town’s civil order, certain characters went against the flow that they had been peer pressured into and instead decided to act heroically