The Enlightenment was an intellectual revolution through 17th century to 18th century. Caused by the monopoly of knowledge and belief from the Roman Catholic Church, the Enlightenment dominates the way of rational thinking and separate to different field such as art, science, literature, music and economics. Romanticism, which happened after Enlightenment, was caused by the disappointing of the result of the enlightenment. Romanticism is a literary movement which originated in Europe from the end of 18th century to the mid 19th century. Opposed to rational thought, Romanticism put the value of emotion and nature at a very high status.
Emboldened by the revolution in physics commenced by Newtonian kinematics, Enlightenment thinkers argued that reason could free humankind from superstition and religious authoritarianism that had brought suffering and death to millions in religious wars. Also, the wide availability of knowledge was made possible through the production of encyclopedias, serving the Enlightenment cause of educating the human race. The age of Enlightenment is considered to have ended with the French Revolution, which had a violent aspect that discredited it in the eyes of many. Also, Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), who referred to Sapere aude! (Dare to know!)
The ideas of Romanticism have many roots dating back to the American Revolution, the French Revolution, and the middle Ages. Romanticism is said to be "a backlash against the austerity if the neoclassicist movement"(Romanticism 1). Neoclassicism is based off of order and logic, whereas Romanticism focuses on capturing deep emotion. The middle Ages had a huge impact on the Romantic Movement. Several themes of Romanticism have developed from medieval romances.
This marked the start of the Thirty Years’ War. This conflict spread all across Germany as more countries began to take part with the Scandinavian kings to the north of Germany taking up the offensive against the Austrians in the south. These conflicts continued until peace was declared in 1635, however this did not last as France joined forces with Sweden which led to the final stage of the conflict. In 1640 peace negotiations began but the hostility between countries remained rife until 1648, which marked the end of the war. The impact of the war was felt immediately in the arts.
Progressivism Historiography Common Assignment The progressive movement was a great period of time in American History because it shows a time when not just one group but the entire country came together to cause real change across the nation. Each essay described the progressives and the reformed society, that they wanted, in their own ways. “Progressivism: Middle Class Disillusionment”, written by George Mowry- “Urban Liberalism and the Age of Reform”, written by Joseph Huthmacher- and “From The Dimensions of Progressivism” written by, James J. Connolly all described who the progressives were and what they wanted differently. This period of time has been looked at and see in many different ways throughout the years but George Mowry’s passage, “Progressivism: Middle Class Disillusionment” was the most persuasive. In the essay “Progressivism: Middle Class Disillusionment”, George Mowry explains economic and political changes of the Progressive movement.
The Enlightenment Period was the reformation of society, politics, and the economy. The Enlightenment Period was occurring throughout Europe during the 18th century. Traditional views were challenged by science and reasoning. Philosophers who had a great impact during the Enlightenment period included: John Locke, Voltaire and Montesquieu, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Adam Smith. John Locke proposed that everyone was born free and had certain unalienable rights.
During St. Augustine’s time, his political and social views had a lasting effect on the way that the world viewed religion and society. Although, the Augustinian worldview eventually ran its course, and made way for a different way of thinking. Whilst Augustinian worldview was based on St. Augustine’s beliefs in Christianity, the worldviews that took over were more so based in science. The Augustinian worldview died out due in part to the Reformation and the Scientific Revolution in the mid 1500-1600’s. The Protestant Reformation began in the 1500’s and lasted on into the 1600’s.
"Have the courage to use your own understanding" is probably the best-known quotation by Immanuel Kant (Kant 58). He refers to the Age of Enlightenment, also known as the Age of Reason, which was a major historical movement of the eighteenth century. The era was characterized by significant social and intellectual developments which led to several shifts in people’s way of thinking. Moreover, the era was accompanied by major scientific research and discovery. In her novel “Frankenstein’’ ,which was first published in 1818, Mary Shelley addresses numerous ideas of the movement which are embodied by the main characters, Victor Frankenstein and his monster.
The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries saw a transition of Western Europe, when a series of inspiring historical events took place, such as the Renaissance, the Reformation, the Scientific Revolution, the discovery of new world, and the emergence of nation-state. However, what existed in the same period were social impoverishment caused by economic development, political chaos caused by the rise of nation-state, and the religious conflict caused by the Reformation. The life of civilians was pushed to edge by the infertility of land and famine because of the climatic change. People believed that these disasters were the sabotage of devil and his servants, who used thunder, hail, frost, storm, flood, plague, pests to impair the will of God and brought
War broke out in 1914 due to forces that had been building up in Europe for years. While the Allies blamed Germany for the war too harshly, its actions certainly did directly contribute to World War I, as did those of Austria Hungary. However, each country involved fostered militarism in their country, and became in entrenched in the web of alliances and race for imperial power, all causes of the environment that led to the Great War. Therefore, it could be said that all European countries were responsible, in part, for World War I, as reflected in Documents 5, 6, and 7. Militarism, the glorification of the military, affected most of Europe at the turn of the twentieth century as demonstrated by Documents 1 and 7.