Enlightenment Dbq Essay

483 Words2 Pages

Our society would not be what it is today if it wasn't for the three French philosophers for the individual freedom, freedom in government, religion, economy, and gender equality. John Locke, Voltaire, and Adam Smith were four of the many great philosophers, who changed our society and the shaped the capitalistic democratic world that we live in today. These philosophers lived in a time of bright and amazing new ideas, known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason. Here are the main ideas of Enlightenment.

John Locke (1632-1704) was one of the three main French philosophers. Locke lived in a government that was an absolute monarchy. Parliaments would sometimes give the king or queen advice. Locke wrote these in 1689, 87 years before the Declaration of Indepence. John Locke said that we must consider that all men are in “a state of perfect freedom”(Doc 1). Locke was part of two government branches, the legislative and the executive branch. Locke also states that if the government fails, then the people are the ones who get to create a new government. …show more content…

Voltaire wrote poems, novels, essays, plays, and more than 20,000 personal letters. Voltaire's idea of a better society, was freedom in religion. The Royal Exchange in London was where the representatives of all nations meet and try to profess the same religion. But Volaire states that “if there is one religion, then it would be a arbitrary, and if there was two, people would kill one and others, but if there was a multitude of religions, there would be peace and happiness”(Doc 2). Voltaire's idea is similar to John Locke's idea. People should have freedom of what they want or

Open Document