The vulnerable population that sparked my interest are the homeless population. The homeless population is growing at an incredible alarming rate. According statistical data from National Coalition for the homeless, “there are over 3.5 million homeless Americans, it includes approximately 1 million children of these more than 300,000 are homeless children on any given night.” Some include street children, runaway teenagers, young adults who might have been thrown out of their homes or released from jail are most visible living in our cities streets, towns, subways, underpasses and highways.
The reasons for these children 's homelessness may be interlinked with social, economic, political, environmental causes or a combination of any of these. Homelessness represents deprivations from basic human needs. However, while other types of deprivations, such as hunger, mainly occur as a result of poverty and economic insecurity, factors that contribute to homelessness are multi-faceted; the factors also vary by the type of homelessness experienced by children and youth. These factors include lack of affordable housing, economic insecurity, violence at home, behavioral health, lack of social support, and involvement in the child welfare system (Aratani, 2009). In a 1993 report, WHO (World Health Organization) offered the following list
These factors include, but are not limited to, lack of affordable housing, economic insecurity, behavioral health, etc. Research has found that the main contributing factors for children living in homeless families are the lack of affordable housing, poverty, and domestic violence (Aratani, 2009). Similarly, mental illness, substance abuse, and lack of affordable housing are the top contributing factors of homelessness among unaccompanied youth (Aratani, 2009). In addition to analyzing the factors that can cause homelessness, the article explores the impact that homelessness can have on youth. For example, homelessness can often lead to food insecurity since food supplies can be scarce, which can then have a negative impact on the child/youth’s overall health.
(Koegel, Melamid, Burnam, 1995) For example, family homelessness has been increasing in the United states in Recent years. Now, more schools and communities are challenged to serve students whose lives are touched by the uncertainty and instability that homelessness brings. (Miller, 2015) People are forced to live destitute without daily necessities like healthy or sanitary food, housing or substantial clothing.
Homeless in the United States (U.S) as a Vulnerable Group Vulnerability, the propensity to harm, is caused by an interaction flanked by the obtainable resources to persons and communities as well as the life problems they encounter. However, vulnerability develops from developmental challenges, individual incapacities, underprivileged social status, insufficiency of interpersonal systems and supports, tainted neighborhoods and settings, and the multifaceted contacts of these aspects over the life course. However, the priority given to unreliable vulnerabilities/their neglect reflects social values. Vulnerable group include racial and ethnic minority, uninsured, underinsured, low-income children, frail older adults, mentally disabled, and homeless among others (Clapham & Clapham, David, 2015).
Homelessness due to individual factor or structural factor? Homelessness is the condition of people without a permanent dwelling. It is an uncontrollable issue around the world and influences different ages of people. Homelessness can be divided into two camps which is structural causes and individual causes .Structural
We must value the importance of homelessness being a temporary state and acknowledge the redefinition of homelessness. As a society, we also must self-reflect and value our own standpoint in correlation to the research being done. Standpoint is not just determining or concluding the results to be one thing or another; but it is more complex and one must recognize that particular perspectives’ you won’t be able to fully understand unless you were in the same predicament or circumstances as the homeless. With all the research in the world, we do not understand how it feels to be in that situation, but based on empirical evidence, we can imagine how it
Homeless families are primarily lead by single parents, typically mothers. Significant factors that contribute to homelessness include the inability for individuals to attain affordable housing, reduced access to support programs, and a low minimum wage (Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation, 2003). Many of these circumstances are accentuated by a variation of personal struggles endured by the family. Such challenges manifest themselves in family violence, mental and physical health, and financial struggles. A family without access to resources and support systems is expected to find the maintenance of a viable home environment difficult.
Homelessness is affecting many people today, and on the other hand it's considered as a trauma too. It can make people commit suicide thinking that they are alone in this world, people that don't have a family, nobody to turn to in this world, and that very dangerous and most of in children. This are the things that people face when they are homeless: puberty, transportation issues, limited social support, limited education, and emotional factors. There are many resources for people that are homeless. Anthropologists had studied a lot.
Group Project Health disparities are common contributors to homelessness. A homeless person’s risk of being ill or injured increases between two and six times that of persons who are housed (Wright, 1990). The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) (2011) estimates 26% of homeless adults living in shelters are living with serious mental illness and nearly another 46% live with severe mental illness and/or substance use disorders (“The 2010 Annual, 2011). Homeless populations are at increased risk of; injury, hypothermia, dermatological problems, violence, and infectious diseases such as; hepatitis, tuberculosis, and HIV. (Kushel, Evans, Perry, Robertson, & Moss, 2003).
The issue of homelessness in America has been evident since the early 1600’s. Across the country men, women and children spend their nights on the streets not knowing when or if they will ever find a permanent home. States and federal officials or city councils have tried to alleviate or at least reduce the number of homeless over the last several decades at a city, state or national level but it continues to be an ongoing problem. There is a multitude of factors that account for the growing homeless population that affects each state in the country differently. Though there are many contributing factors that contribute to the amount of people living on the street at any given night in the U.S.
The gender differences causes of homelessness among men and women have considerable different risk factors for becoming homeless. According to research by Burt, (2001) he cite for women domestic violence as the top four reasons of being homeless. Men do not report domestic violence or victimization, or abuse as their reason for becoming