Jim Crow Laws The Jim Crow etiquette and laws were operated in conjunction. In fact, most people, when they think of Jim Crow, they think of the laws or the black codes and not the etiquettes. The black codes excluded blacks from public transport and facilities as well as juries, jobs and neighborhoods. Passages from the 13th, 14th and 15th constitutional amendments granted blacks and whites the same legal
In 1869, the fifteenth amendment guaranteed that Americans would not be denied the right to vote based on their race. The three amendments deeply magnified the civil rights of Americans (Roark, 431-433). The Emancipation Proclamation had an impact in American history. Although it limited the roles in freeing slaves, it had an influence on the African American community. The Proclamation has been controversial, but it provided slaves with a sense of independence and liberty, transforming the Civil War into a fight for equality.
(Page 1785) Also, Harris does not believe that the white privilege will be ever removed because there is no historical or actual context where the whites will be ever exploited as the Blacks ever were (page 1785). Critical Analysis: I believe that Harris’s essay could be perceived through three aspects, which are (a) the historical context of the issue of racial classification and property, (b) The consequences of whiteness as property throughout the American history, and (c) the current situation of whiteness as property. In terms of the historical context of the racial classification and property, the US witnessed a White dominance in territory, economy, politics and property privileges. Since the time of colonialism, Blacks and Indigenous peoples fell under the totalitarian ruling of colonists who have obviously favored their own race over others in order to expand their political, territorial and economic powers. As a result, the non-whites (notably the Blacks and Indians) were unjustly segregated and classified as inferior to the
The constitution and the fifteenth amendment were written to promote the American values such as freedom of speech and liberty to vote in a democratic nation. The voting rights should always be guaranteed and requirements to vote should not be complicated. States should also have the right to exercise its sovereignty, but states should not be able to restrict any American citizen the right to vote. This new requirement that states have been implementing prove that racial discrimination has not decreased and the impact in minorities is still relevant. Shelby County V Holder case was extremely important to have a clear understanding of the complexities of American politics and its executive, judicial, and legislative branches.
The fourteenth amendment is significant to American Civil Rights because it implied the idea of equality to all American citizens for the first time. Furthermore, this amendment granted that we cannot deprive any individual of life, liberty, and property without the process of law, this constitutional right provides each American citizen with equal protection of law. In addition, the fourteenth amendment has been crucial to supreme court decisions; for instance, Brown v. Board of Education is a case that has popularized the fourteenth amendment because it has highlighted that school segregation is unconstitutional and this case also marked the end of legal segregation. Following the influence of the fourteenth amendment, the right to vote was extended to African Americans in the fifteenth amendment; further dispersing equality to American citizens. All in all, the fourteenth amendment has had a huge impact on equality and has influenced infinite court rulings and society.
The first influence on Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird are the Jim Crow laws. The Jim Crow laws were horrible demeaning laws to keep african americans lower than whites. The laws were designed to keep the white class higher and superior to blacks in all areas of work, education and society in general, the jim crow laws were a racial caste system that was mostly in use in the south. ( what was Jim 1) “ Jim crow was more than a series of rigid anti-black laws, it was a way of life.” (Pilgrim 1). “Beginning in the late 1870s, Southern state lawmakers passed laws that required Whites and Blacks to attend separate schools and to sit in different areas on public transportation.” (“Jim Crow Laws” 1).
The most important part of the act was that “all persons shall be entitled to the full and equal enjoyment of goods, services… without discrimination or segregation.” (Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title II). This act was by definition an attack on segregation and discrimination in southern states. This in itself would be enough to alienate southern voters. Yet Johnson pushed on with the Voter Act of 1965 which doubled down on Johnson’s pro civil rights stance by definitively stating “No voting qualifications or prerequisite to voting… shall be imposed, or applied, by any state or political subdivision to deny or abridge the right of any citizen of the United States to vote on account of race or color.” (Law 89-110. Sec.
In this sense, the American Dream that stirs him is rooted on the “oasis of freedom and justice”. If we consider his speech, above all, a testimony of truth, we are not wrong. Taking into consideration the fact that even nowadays people of any race, but more particularly the black race has to encounter various forms of discrimination, his speech is valid even in the present days. Although the Declaration of Independence claims that all men are equal before God and have the rights for life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, it is the Afro-American race that suffers from the white people’s malformed prejudices. One of the most derogatory laws in the 19th century American history can be considered the Jim Craw laws regarding Afro-Americans.
Being half African American and half Caucasian brings a lot of issues to my attention. White supremacists march their marches and throw their “pep rallies” to rile up emotion, just as does the Black Lives Matter movement. As much as I hate having to admit it, but white supremacist are allowed to practice their freedom of speech just like anybody else as long as it doesn’t impede on others
In the Declaration of Independence, there is a famous phrase that is saying that all human are created equally and similarly—regardless of his or her race, skin color, religion etc. The phrase also implies that life, liberty and happiness are three examples of unalienable rights that are given by the Creator and should be protect by the government. Thus, it means that the rights of equality, freedom and happiness of each of individual in the United States are not given by the government, thus it cannot been taken away. However, when we try to look at what the slaves or Black Americans faced during that time and how the white people treat black people unequally, we can say that these words in the Declaration of Independence about the unalienable rights are really contradict with what has been practiced and clearly exposed the
John Buescher stated, any citizen could now vote no matter what race. So the African Americans gained another right to gain equality and move towards the whites in power (Buescher). The nation was turning into an equal nation with the same amount of power as the whites. According to the article “Equality in African-American Politics,” “While the Declaration of Independence proclaimed equality, the Constitution did not, and it was not until after the Civil War and the adoption of the Fifteenth Amendment that the Constitution was amended to formally commit the nation to equality” (Equality in African-American Politics). In other words, the nation was shifting from a white dominated society to an equal society where the whites were not as dominant anymore and the African Americans gained rights.
As a result, the Civil Rights Act set up the basis for the 14th amendments that was also later ratified in 1866. Finally, with the ratification the fifteenth amendment in 1870s, it secured the vote for the African Americans, and it forbid states from denying any citizens from the right to vote based on race, color, or “previous condition of servitude.” These three amendments were significant changes during the Reconstruction period because all people, not just white, can fully enjoy being an American citizen without worrying over their race or
However the war also change for the better. It gave induvial that are black the equal opportunity to vote and etc. This would have never happened if the fight for freedom didn’t take place. Now I am going to talk a little about the 13th Amendment of the U.S Constitution and tell why it was important. The Thirteenth Amendment history staff states (“Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicticted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction”)history.
The Civil War has ended and now we need to reunite the states. The Johnson plan was the best plan because of various reasons. One of the reasons is because they had to ratify the 13 amendments. The thirteenth amendment was to slavery. Abolishing slavery is good because that means everyone has freedom, and freedom is what all African-Americans want.
To me, freedom means that everyone, regardless of race, has the same rights and equal protection under the law. The Reconstruction amendments were written so that African Americans would have rights equal to those of white citizens. The 13th Amendment abolished slavery in the US. The 14th granted citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” which included former slaves recently freed and the the 15th Amendment in the Constitution granted African American men the right to vote. Another freedom important to me is being to enjoy myself without any fear of the government.