The Gilded Age was an age that was directly dependent on the end of the Civil War. Jazz was a major parts of what the 1920s and it helped African Americans realize the where they are at that moment was not what they had to stay at. The end of the Civil War made most of the American populace believe that the lives of slaves would change drastically. American slaves were granted freedom by order of the President and the Congress. The 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America freed the slaves in America. The 14th Amendment gave the slave citizenship. Yet even with these assurances all did not work out, as it should have. Segregation was the social structure that took the place of slavery throughout America, contrary
After slavery, African Americans in the south were in a time of change. Though they were free from slavery, whippings, and auctions, I believe life became difficult for them even after slavery ended. Racism began to grow increasingly, as many could not accept the fact that there was no more slavery. It became stricter when the government in the South enforced laws called Black Codes. Those laws were set to grant only certain rights to people of color. Employment for black people was unfair, as they were often paid much less than their white companions. The fourteenth amendment was created in 1868 and promised African Americans the rights of equal American citizenship. Many of the African Americans were homeless and separated from their family for years, sometimes never being able to see them again.
The 14th amendment essentially grants citizenship to all people born in The United States. The law also states no person can be denied "equal protection of the laws." In many states this law freed slaves. This changed because of the 14th amendment it allowed colored people to vote and voice their opinions. The fourteenth amendment was passed on July 28, 1868. Segregation in schools violated the 14th amendment because “Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal” and therefore the Supreme Court made schools include whites and colored people in the same schools. Essentially separate but equal was not actually equal so changes were made. It was a difficult transition because many people did not want this. During 1957 the Little Rock
The Civil War was a national devastation that had a deep impact on American society. In 1863, Lincoln proposed the Emancipation Proclamation declaring the slaves would be free, though it was limited only to the rebellious states. By careful preparation of the document, Lincoln ensured that it would offer a positive impact on the Union efforts and to redefine the purpose of the civil war. The results of the emancipation continued to have an abrupt and profound effect of equality and social justice (Roark, 402).
This amendment is also very important because people like the police would have too much power over other people. For example a normal person could be patted down and searched just if they looked suspicious and this is a violation of their body and property which they deserve the right to have control of. The Fourth Amendment has dramatically changed our country by protecting people’s personal items and property. Although there are still some mixed opinions about the Fourth Amendment most people are for it and believe that it is a great way for them to feel safe in their homes and with their possessions. Many people that are for the Fourth Amendment believe that it is a great amendment that protects them from unnecessary searches or when police abuse the law and destroy property to find what they need. Although some people think that the Fourth Amendment can be used as an excuse to hide drugs or weapons from the police when they have alleged reasons that what you are doing so is illegal. Now that I have done lot’s of research on the Fourth Amendment I understand that it has had a much larger effect than just protecting U.S. citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures by the government. The writs of assistance showed the colonists they needed a government that had valid reasons to search them or seize their property. Once the colonists had their own government, the ratified the Fourth Amendment to give themselves these protections. Without the Fourth Amendment today there would be much more concern about police biased and prejudice. Even with it, the current protests in Chicago show concern about people's Fourth Amendment rights. Many police officers in Chicago pullover and search people’s cars due to “suspicious” signs of drugs. Most of the people pulled over are black and this not only creates racial tension between
The Fourteenth Amendment has 4 sections that have been in use since the Civil War. The first section is the most important and most discussed. It guarantees citizenship to any and all persons born or naturalized in the United States. It ensures any person 's “life, liberty, or property” will not be denied without due process.” This section defines citizenship, who can become a citizen of the United States and how. This includes slaves, which is why it was so important in 1868 after the Civil War. But today, it also defines citizenship in immigrants and gives them the right to live and work in the US. If we didn’t have this amendment, we would not be able to experience the cultures of other countries, and we would not be known as “the melting pot” of culture we are today. With the power of the Fourteenth Amendment, we can define what makes a citizen, prevent anyone who took an oath against or conspired against the United States from holding any position of office in out government, allow states to make and change laws if necessary, and ensure that citizen cannot have the right to “life, liberty, and property” taken away from them without due
This amendment granted citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” which included former slaves recently freed by the Thirteenth Amendment. In addition to granting citizenship, it forbids states from denying anyone "life, liberty or property, without due process of law" or to "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws,” no matter who they were. The 14th Amendment expanded the protection of civil rights tremendously to all Americans no matter color or race and is cited in more litigations than any other amendment of the United States today. On June 22, 1866, precisely fourteen days after the senate passed the Fourteenth Amendment, President Andrew Johnson issued a message to Congress announcing that the Fourteenth Amendment had been sent to the states for ratification. Johnson voiced his negative opinion of the amendment by stating that his actions should "be considered as purely ministerial, and in no sense whatever committing the Executive to an approval or a recommendation of the amendment to the State legislatures or to the
The 14th Amendment granted equal rights to everyone that was is standing in the property of the United States of America. This included, US citizens, previously freed slaves, immigrants and women. African American fought real hard to earn their equal rights, with the same case of the women. Having
The Fourteenth amendment is a significant addition to the constitution and although the amendment has five sections, section 1 has had the moral lasting significance through its creation of three important provisions concerning citizenship, due process and equal protection. The Fourteenth Amendment granted citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof. The fourteenth Amendment also forbid the states to deny their citizens due process of law or equal protection of the law, that is, it made certain provision of the Bill of Rights applicable to the states. Lastly, the Fourteenth Amendment prohibits the government at any level from unfairly or arbitrarily denying a citizen their fundamental
The 14th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution protects any person within their jurisdiction of their due process and equal protection. The Equal Protection Clause under the 14th Amendment requires the states to apply their laws equally to any person within their jurisdiction. The equal protection clause aims to provide equal application of the law. It is also crucial to the protection of civil rights. There should be no discrimination in its application. Also no state can deny any person of their equal protection rights. The laws of a state must treat an individual in the same manner as others in similar conditions or circumstances. Due process deals with the fair use or enforcement of laws. The Due Process clause protects any person of their
Some people may think that the 14th amendment does a poor job of protecting people’s rights. In document five it explains how on September 11, 2001,with the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center, it has caused video surveillance in the United States to increase. For example the U.S has programs that use facial recognition that help match photographs of criminals faces to the criminal. Another program that we use helps prevent suicide bombers from attacking. Some people may think that prevention of terrible events reoccuring or occurring is a good thing, but using security systems everywhere may be a violation of their rights and privacy. Such as the government tracking your every move, having the threat of people spying and blackmail,
The fourteenth amendment protects the little people. The people who are slipping through the cracks, the ones that have fallen by the wayside of the majority. Recently, this has meant rulings in favor of same-sex marriage. Historically, it has granted women the right to an abortion and given African Americans the right to go to the same schools as their fellow Americans. In each case, an oppressed or otherwise infringed group from the overreaches of the state, the society at large. But something else has begun to slip through the cracks, and nobody is rushing to save it. It is impossible to tell where this slippage first began, but its ever increasing severity is in full display: Middlebury students turnings their backs and chanting as the
Many notable Supreme Court cases have depended on the 14th Amendment and its clauses. One of the first was Plessy vs. Ferguson, where the Supreme Court said that segregation was Constitutional as long as the facilities were “separate but equal.” Another famous Supreme Court case involving this Amendment was Brown vs. Board of Education. In this case, the Supreme Court concluded that the separate facilities weren’t equal, which violated the 14th Amendment, so they reversed the ruling of Plessy vs. Ferguson. If it weren’t for the 14th Amendment, these cases wouldn’t have happened and the Civil Right Movement may have never occurred. The Equal Protection of the Law clause has led to many advances in racial equality. It not only helped free the slaves, but it also fueled the arguments of Civil Rights. The clause shaped the United States to be the role model of countries around the world. If not for this clause, we might still be segregated and the World would be very different. The 14th Amendment to the Constitution is one of the most significant changes in the whole document. The Fourteenth Amendment made America what it is today. It granted citizenship and many rights to African Americans. It was signed in a time for change and forgiveness. Without this law, our country would be just as racist and segregated as
The Bill of Rights are the first ten amendments in our Constitution which protect our fundamental rights and ensure a limited government. In 1868 the 14th Amendment was added, which guarantees citizens equal protection under the law and due process. For the Bill of Rights to be effective it would have to protect everyone rights equally, but there are too many cases when minorities or anyone else’s rights are infringed. Therefore the Bill of Rights and 14th Amendment is ineffective and does not protect the rights of all citizens.
The Supreme Court decided to choose to hold on to certain provisions given in the 14th Amendment while at the same time it decided to let go certain provisions which it fet were unnecessary. The Privileges and Immunities Clause and Due Process Clause were certain clauses that came up in certain cases and were scrutinized and either adopted or discarded. The Court was thus selective in choosing provisions from the Bill of rights based on the need of the day. Right to a trial by a jury for a serious criminal case was selected by the justice system whereas the Right to a jury in a Civil Case that involved $20 or more was discarded.