Firstly, no one should be punished except for a conduct which represents a clear breach of law. Secondly, irrespective of ranks and status all are equal before the law. Thirdly, rights and freedoms are best protected under Common Law rather than Bills of Rights. As a whole, rule of law is the principle that assures no one is above the law and everyone shall be treated equally among citizens and laws are made to maintain the public order in our society and to provide a harmony society for people. ("The rule of law explained", 2018)
As was previously stated, the Fourteenth Amendment helps protect individual citizens. The amandment clearly reads “...nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws”. This means every last citizen, no matter who they are or where they come from, receives equal protection under the law. One example of this is the case of Mapp v. Ohio, which was over the Fourth Amendment, aka. unlawful search and seizure.
First of all, differences. Modern day rights and laws try to focus on equality and freedom between all humans regardless of their differences, as seen in articles 1 “We are all born free. We all have our own thoughts and ideas. We should all be treated in the same way.”
“The Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment guarantees an independent constitutional right that similarly situated citizens be treated similarly under the law. Within welfare law, states may not have directly attempted to violate the Equal Protection Clause, but nevertheless created separate rules for its recipients based on gender, socioeconomic status.”
The French revolution shows us that government should respect and listen to what their people want. They should treat them fairly and follow the basic human rights or else it would lead to rage which leads to violence. Every human deserves basic human rights and every human deserves to be treated fairly. “All mankind... being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions.”
Citizenship “Citizenship is a status bestowed on those who care equal with respect to the rights and duties with which the status is endowed” (Marshall 1950). According to a common view, three elements are included in citizenship (Marshall 1950; Kjellbert 2002; Morris 2005; Kjellberg and Hemmingsson 2013). Civil rights is based on the idea that each human being is equal before the law. It comprises personal integrity, freedom of speech, religious liberty, freedom of thought and the right to own property and to conclude valid contracts, and the right to justice. The principle included the right to be respected and listened to and to have one’s wishes considered as all individuals are equal before the law (Marshall 1950; Kjellberg 2002; Kjellberg
Article 2 of the said Convention ensures that indigenous peoples are equal to all other peoples. They have the right of existence, of living free of discrimination under international law. Hence, there is no scope to ignore international obligation by saying that there is no protection of indigenous people rights. International laws provide indigenous peoples rights protection both explicitly and implicitly under various international treaties and declarations. Consequently, Indonesia as a member of the international community has the obligation to respect, protect and fulfill the human rights of the indigenous
Introduction Human rights are understood as rights which belong to an individual as a consequence of being human and for no other reason. Hence human rights are the rights people are entitled to simply because they are human beings, irrespective of their citizenship, nationality, race, ethnicity, language, gender, sexuality, or abilities; human rights become enforceable when they are codified as Conventions, Covenants, or Treaties, or as they become recognized as Customary International Law. No one needs to possess a qualification in order to enjoy their human rights. It is important that one exercise their human rights otherwise they would feel like their “rights” are being infringed upon. Human rights are mandated to protect citizens and to ensure that all citizens are catered for.
And so, any breach of law or misuse of power shall be dealt with according to the law provided and no individual shall be punished other than what the law says. The principle of the rule of law basically was meant to bring peace and stability by acting as a legal guide to individuals in a state. This in turn allows individuals to live however they want knowing that every misuse of power would be dealt with
-Name: Korematsu v. The United States Project What are human rights (U.S. government)? Human rights are the fundamental rights reserved to protect the people in every country and which government cannot violate. An example according to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights are the Natural Rights once quoted by John Locke, “Everyone has the right to life, liberty and the security of person" (The Universal Declaration of Human Rights |United Nations). What are civil rights (U.S. government)?
The 14th amendment to the US Constitution was ratified on July 9, 1868 in order to protect the civil rights of freed slaves after the civil war. With that being said, The Dred v. Scott case in 1857 held that African Americans were not U.S. citizens, even if they were free. The Fourteenth Amendment addresses many aspects of citizenship and the rights of citizens. The 14th amendment states that" that all persons born or naturalized in the United States including African Americans are citizens of the country.
In the case of Robert Jordan v. City of New London and Keith Harrigan, the plaintiff alleges that he was discriminated against based on his intellect. The Plaintiff Robert Jordan, a 46-year-old college graduate, with a degree in literature and interested in pursuing a career in law enforcement, took a written assessment with 500 other applicants on 16 March 1996, as part of a screening process for the position of police officer. The testing material used included the Wonderlic Personnel Test and Scholastic Level Exam referred to as “WPT,” which measures the cognitive ability of test subjects (2nd). This process was used to weed out the applicant pool, revealing the most qualified applicants based on test scores. The WPT test included recommended minimum and maximum test scores for various professions in the accompanying manual.
The Fourteenth Amendment, addresses citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws, and was proposed on response to issues to former slaves following the American civil war. The equal protection clause took effect in 1868, it is part of the fourteenth Amendment. It states that no state shall deny any person within its jurisdiction “The Equal Protection of the Law.” In other words the law must treat an individual in the same manner as other individuals in similar conditions and circumstances. The bill of rights offer freedom and equality in each and every one of the amendments.
According to classical republicanism, the major purpose of government is to promote the common good, to create civically virtuous citizens, and to create a well-balanced government. The idea of Promoting the common good can be found in The Affordable Care Act, an attempt by the Obama Administration to provide every United States citizen with quality access to healthcare. Providing each U.S. citizen with healthcare is in the benefit of the entire country subsequently promoting the common good. The Patriot Act another piece of legislation in response to the September 11th attacks, the main purpose is to deter, and punish terrorist acts in America or around the World. Responding to these horrific events demonstrates that the Government is actively