Carnoy, Loeb, and Smith (2003) found a weakness in the relationships between TAKS scores and other outcomes such as high school graduation rates and scores on college entrance exams. Other researchers (Klein, Hamilton, McCaffrey, & Steecher, 2000) analyzed increases in scores in Texas on the NAEP, increases that they state political leaders attributed to the accountability system, and found that Texas score improvements in mathematics at grade 8 are not significantly different from those of other states that did not have strong accountability systems in place. In fact their data show evidence that the achievement gap between white students and underrepresented minorities actually increased. Some argue that the data show that the accountability program actually negatively impacts schools that were already academically behind before the implementation of the accountability system (Fassold,
The essay Facts on Achievement Gap by Diane Ravitch is about how the achievement gap is getting larger and worse. The essays talks about two main arguments which are American and Hispanic children have lower test score than White and Asian children and the other point is that the performances of American international students test scores is unexceptional.
Confidence in the principle of universal equality of educational opportunity is difficult to maintain when one views the breadth of the educational landscape in America. When observing two schools that fall on opposite sides of the spectrum in nearly every measurable aspect, it is crucial to make sense of where such disparity is founded so that the education system can be altered to better society. One such example of a tremendous educational gap is found in the 3.6 miles that span between the Nashville High Schools Pearl Cohn and Hume Fogg. Pearl Cohn, an entertainment magnet school located in a predominantly African American and poor socioeconomic area, has a 69% graduation rate, whereas Hume Fogg, an academic magnet school with 97% of students
As a result, African American students face an achievement gap, hindering their educational attainment and prospects. Talking about this issue requires increased investment in education, targeted support for underperforming schools, and policies that promote equitable access to quality education for all students. African Americans often encounter barriers to
Meanwhile, white and Asian American students are more likely to attend middle-class schools. Similarly, another study shows that the years between 1993 and 2011, the number of African Americans in schools where ninety percent or more of the student population were minorities increased from 2.3 million to over 2.9 million. Undoubtedly, segregation still exists in our generation and has recently increased over the
On September 2015, the White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanics, marked its 25th anniversary. With the shift of the nation’s demographics, higher education is concerned with the academic success of Latinos. Not only is the federal government addressing issues of access and equity for underserved minorities’ populations, but higher education is playing a crucial role in reducing the academic achievement gaps for Latinos. Why is this important? Latinos constitute one of the fastest-growing populations in the United States.
The teacher then relates it to each race’s culture. She states that families that are Asian and Jewish stress the importance of education while Black families do not. This direct connection between culture and success causes several racial problems between the different races (Lee, 2009). Although Asian Americans are expected to do well across these socioeconomic aspects there is data that proves otherwise. Several studies have shown that Asian Americans earn less money than Whites despite having equal qualifications.
The need to empower the African American community to work together and get involved with the African American students is crucial in addressing the Achievement Gap. Limitations Although this study contributes to the literature supporting the causes of the Achievement Gap and the roles that African American community members can implement, several limitations are important to consider. This study consisted of several participants who
Constantly, US schools in black and latino neighborhoods have been severely understaffed and underfunded. “A quarter of high schools with the highest percentage of black and Latino students do not offer Algebra II; a third of these schools do not offer chemistry” (Heffling). Schools not offering these basic courses to their students simply due to a lac of funding significantly impacts the performance of black and latino students in the post-secondary world. In fact, nearly 51% of all public school students come from a household that is near or below the federal poverty line (Layton). Education is supposed to be one of the biggest equalizers in regards to achievement yet there already exists an inequality amongst the education received.
Socioeconomic obstacles impede the academic achievement of students. “Hispanics have poverty rates that are two to nearly three times higher than whites; and 40 percent of their population is foreign born” (“Hispanics: Special Education and English Language Learners”). Living in poverty affects educational attainment. There is a gap in the educational outcomes because of socioeconomic status (SES). Moreover, the American Psychological Association (APA) states, “large gaps remain when minority education attainment is compared to that of Caucasian Americans”.
Martha Peraza SOC 3340 Inequality in Education California State University, Bakersfield Abstract In the United States, there exists a gap in equality for different demographics of students. The factors contributing to educational disadvantages include socioeconomic struggles, gender of students, language or culture, and particularly for the scope of this paper, race.
Another argument presented in favor of CCSS is how standards provide help developing better outcomes to improve achievement gaps that were a result of NCLB. Closely related to learning gap and opportunity gap, the term achievement gap refers to any significant and persistent disparity in academic performance or educational attainment between different groups of students, such as white students and minorities, for example, or students from higher-income and lower-income families. Achievement gaps hurts and hinders representation measurements of standards when it comes to developing these children and evaluating performance over a set
other students at the same institutions”. This statement thus reads that the minorities admitted to these schools are not equipped with the means to succeed in the school because Affirmative Action had made it easier for them to get admitted. Although the admission standards are different for marginalized applicants under the use of Affirmative Action, they fail to understand that minority applicants can’t be held at the same standard as majority applicants that have had numerous advantages both educational and economically for years. In my personal situation, I come from a Hispanic working class family. My parents who migrated from Mexico haven’t even attained a middle school education; the resources to help me succeed in school have always been minimal since the beginning, seeing as I couldn’t depend on my parents to help guide me through the process.
Only 75 percent of blacks have received post-high school education, compared to 85 percent of whites. Not surprisingly, blacks on average also make less money than whites” (Philip M. Deutsch). It’s unjust that people of color are treated as inferior to white people, and it is that kind of social issue that interferes with the liberties of all Americans of