There are more African Americans in prison now, than there were enslaved in 1850. These individuals are not in prison because they are committing more crimes than their white counterparts, but because of a discriminatory system that targets african americans. Blacks can commit the same crimes as whites, but are more likely to be imprisoned and or receive a steeper sentence. This disproportionate racial sentencing has been a growing issue the United States for four decades, and started with the Reagan Administration's War On Drugs. Private prison organizations lobby for harsher punishments, and profit from the influx of inmates. With more African Americans in jail, this has had a crippling effect on the black community. The children of these inmates grow up without one of their parents, they to do poorly in school and have negative view on police officers and the law. African Americans are put in jail at a higher rate than any other race. President Trump has stated that he wants to enact a nationwide policy similar to Stop and Frisk. This would give officers the right to stop any pedestrian and search them regardless of …show more content…
Blacks are sent to jail for longer sentences than whites who do the same crime. Policies like Stop and Frisk put more blacks as risk for being racially profiled by police. As a result, communities have negative viewpoints of law enforcement and are less willing to be cooperative. The 3 strike laws of Florida and California target African Americans and play into the hands of for-profit corporations like the CCA. These organizations profit off of harsh sentencing and don't help inmates become better citizens. Having a parent in jail is traumatic for a child and can affect them socially and mentally. Statistically their grade point average will drop, and their likelihood of dropping out increases further bridging the gap for them reaching their full
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Is it fair that an African American man is sentenced up to life in prison for possession of drugs when Brock Turner is sentenced to only 14 years, later to be reduced to six months for sexually assaulting an unconscious women. The judiciary system are believed to have a high african american incarceration rate as a result of discrimination. At a presidential debate on Martin Luther King Day, President Barack Obama said that “Blacks and whites are arrested at very different rates, are convicted at very different rates, and receive very different sentences… for the same crime.” Hillary Clinton said the “disgrace of a criminal-justice system that incarcerates so many more african americans proportionately than whites.”
African Americans have been placed on a path that their fates have been set throughout history. The criminal justice system has also taken it upon itself to make sure that they do not move away from this path and continue to go forward with it. So many parts of the system have played its role and it continues to play it by keeping African incarcerated. Not only do they target African Americans, but they target those who have a disadvantage when fighting against the system. The system has its history with African Americans so one can figure that this would continue to lead on in the future.
The United States has a larger percent of its population incarcerated than any other country. America is responsible for a quarter of the world’s inmates, and its incarceration rate is growing exponentially. The expense generated by these overcrowded prisons cost the country a substantial amount of money every year. While people are incarcerated for several reasons, the country’s prisons are focused on punishment rather than reform, and the result is a misguided system that fails to rehabilitate criminals or discourage crime. This literature review will discuss the ineffectiveness of the United States’ criminal justice system and how mass incarceration of non-violent offenders, racial profiling, and a high rate of recidivism has become a problem.
Police Corruption Against Minorities Today, law enforcement is against minority groups due to the fact that they get treated worse or just get pulled over for not being white. Since the whites are the dominant group in the United States, they control the laws and criminal justice system. It’s up to us, the minority groups to stand up and say something. Jailing minorities for very minor offenses can cause lots of problems to their family. For example, a parent is jailed for a small possession of illegal drugs, and that parent is the one who is working to pay the bills, the family will certainly struggle to meet their monthly needs.
Parenti (1999) and Dyer (2000) have argued that government and citizens were profiting from the mass incarceration of principally African Americans and Hispanics. The length of African American prison term is about 25% longer than for a white offender (Brooks,
Women of color are the most targeted, prosecuted, and imprisoned women in the country and rapidly increasing their population within the prison systems. According to Nicholas Freudenberg, 11 out of every 1000 women will end up incarcerated in their lifetime, the average age being 35, while only five of them are white, 15 are Latinas, and 36 are black. These two groups alone make up 70 percent of women in prison, an astonishing rate compared to the low percentage comprise of within the entire female population in the country (1895). Most of their offenses are non-violent, but drug related, and often these women come from oppressive and violent backgrounds, where many of their struggles occurred directly within the home and from their own family.
The criminal justice system is supposed to be fair and is there to keep us safe, but due to all the evidences it is true that the criminal- justice system do discriminate against African-Americans. As stated in DoSomething.org, in 2010, African-Americans receives 10% longer sentences than whites, through the federal system with the same crimes. This shows that discrimination and bias is surprisingly circulating through the criminal-justice system, which proves that racial discrimination against African-Americans are well alive. Although this might not affect all African Americans, the majority is treated unfairly. In the same way, as reported by Dosomething.org, 80% of New York Police Department stops were blacks, 85% of those blacks were searched, but when whites were stopped 8% were searched!
African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross episode titled “Into the Fire(1861-1896)” underlying theme is freedom--mental freedom versus physical freedom. Within this theme, freedom is loosely described. There is no strict idea of freedom, which is depicted in the documentary. As shown in the documentary, the meaning of freedom was challenged after the Civil war.
The Huffington Post says, “The U.S. incarcerates nearly seven times as many people, measured as a share of population, as Canada does. People of color are disproportionately represented in the American prison population and are typically punished more severely than white peers for the same crimes” (Daniel Marans). Racism against people of color has caused them to be represented poorly in society as potential criminals, especially black. MIT informs its viewers that “according to the United States census Bureau, blacks are twice as likely to be poor compared to other races, and eight times as likely to be imprisoned. Blacks are also three times more likely to be convicted of drug violations than whites.
A greater population of blacks live in condensed civil areas than whites. Dense urban areas are more policed than suburban or rural areas. It’s easier to control cities because everyone is more closer together which causes the crime rate to go up in these areas. But, just because of the choice in where you choose to live doesn’t give the right for certain people to be judged against because of their race, color, or where they come from. Black and white people use marijuana at the same rates, yet black people are at a greater risk in being
People of all different races and ethnicities are locked behind bars because they have been convicted of committing a crime and they are paying for the consequences. When looking at the racial composition of a prison in the United States, it does not mimic the population. This is because some races and ethnicities are over represented in the correctional system in the U.S. (Walker, Spohn, & DeLone, 2018). According Walker et al. (2018), African-Americans/Blacks make up less than fifteen percent of the U.S. population, while this race has around thirty-seven percent of the population in the correctional system today.
Race has always been America’s deepest dilemma. As long as racism is in the criminal justice we the people would never be equal. One out of every four African Americans are expected to end up behind bars. With evidence for proof and cases after cases African Americans are still fighting to be heard. They been fighting to be heard for years and is still being overpowered by the criminal justice system.
Blacks are twice as likely to be arrested and about four times as likely to experience police force. Also, black's experience on average ten percent longer sentences than whites for the same crime. As if being arrested wasn’t bad enough, once framed with a felony, privileges are lost such as the right to vote, getting a good home, or getting a job. Taking away these rights is very similar to slavery and the amount of rights that they didn’t have. Ever since the start of settlement in America, people of color have been seen as less, and we still aren’t past it today.
In America, ethnic minorities such as blacks have always been second-class citizens and suffer from vary degrees of discrimination in political, economic and educational issues. There is a clear gap between blacks and whites in terms of education, employment rates and average wages. The resulting gap between the racial rich and the poor, as well as the plight of blacks are well known. Racial discrimination in the judiciary is also extremely serious. According to relating studies, in the United States, the percentage of black detainees in jail and those sentenced to death is significantly higher than those of whites.