Additionally, there is a multitude of factors that have been known to contribute to homelessness. These factors include, but are not limited to, lack of affordable housing, economic insecurity, behavioral health, etc. Research has found that the main contributing factors for children living in homeless families are the lack of affordable housing, poverty, and domestic violence (Aratani, 2009). Similarly, mental illness, substance abuse, and lack of affordable housing are the top contributing factors of homelessness among unaccompanied youth (Aratani, 2009). In addition to analyzing the factors that can cause homelessness, the article explores the impact that homelessness can have on youth.
They are not only in the streets unsupervised and left alone in the against the world, but they are at risk for depression, suicide, drug use, and even death. The amount of children that suffer from these consequences are large, sources have shown that twenty to thirty percent of homeless youth are arrested and part of this is due to a big piece of the population of teens that sell drugs to get by. As for depression and suicide, over sixty-one point eight percent of children that are homeless reported being depressed and there is an estimated five thousand homeless teens die each year due to a mixture of assault, illness, and suicide. Knowing these facts and statistics are important so that there can be more awareness as well as prevention for and about homeless youth. This would help keep more youth off the street and have more productive members in different communities.
Know Thyself, an article by John D. Mayer, features the thoughts of Shelley Taylor and Susan Fiske. Fiske and Taylor explain that it is often challenging to understand others when we have preconceived notions and stereotypes about people before we get to know them (77). Homeless people are often considered social outcasts. And because they are outcasts, do we not understand them very well? A good question to ask about homeless people therefore is how do preconceived notions and stereotypes about homeless people cause city governments and it’s citizenry to treat them as inferiors who need to be hidden?
What is worse, the rate of homelessness has been growing in most states in Australia in the past few years. Homelessness is usually a result of several of complicated issues. First, domestic and family violence is considered to be the most common reason why people become homeless. Domestic and family violence is that one person uses abuse and/or violence to control his/her spouse or other family members through fear (Domestic Violence Prevention Centre, 2016). Therefore, victims prefer to stay outside all day in order to avoid being at home which is considered as nightmare.
Homelessness due to individual factor or structural factor? Homelessness is the condition of people without a permanent dwelling. It is an uncontrollable issue around the world and influences different ages of people. Homelessness can be divided into two camps which is structural causes and individual causes .Structural causes is the causes that related to social and economic in nature, or out of the control of the individual or family concerned and individual factors are causes that applied by individual to the personal circumstances. Should the problem of homelessness be framed as one of theindividual choice and responsibility or should it be framed a one of structural factors?
Why help other countries when we have homelessness right here at home? Raven Tyler, from NewsHour Extra, stated, “The face of homelessness has drastically changed throughout the years. In the 1980s, thousands of individuals from the nation 's public psychiatric hospitals were discharged, leaving many of the people who were mentally ill without homes. This gave rise to a popular misconception, however, that led many to think all homeless people were mentally ill or suffered from drug or alcohol abuse problems. Oftentimes, homeless people were portrayed as lazy and unclean.
“Altering the Perception of Homelessness” In the United States, homelessness affects more than 3.5 million people each year (PBS, sec. 3). These people, including; children, families, babies, veterans, and the elderly live continually without the proper necessities for living. When seeing a person roadside begging for money for food, is the automatic assumption that he or she is attempting to collect money to continually contribute to a bad habit? Was he or she too lazy to obtain a job and work for this money?
Infants born before 37 weeks are considered premature. There are many influences of premature birth. However, the cause of premature birth is not always known, but common cause are external threats to maternal and fetal health including the mother’s use of drugs, alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, poor nutrition and low weight gain. Also its physical stress, and lack of prenatal health care. For example, some mothers may not be aware during the first trimester.
Is Social Problems Among Teenagers An Increasingly Worrying Phenomenon? Nowadays, social problems are one of the major concerns in society and the condition got worsen year by year, mainly contributed by teenagers. Social problems emerged due to influences of the bad cultures from other countries. Teenagers cannot identify and differentiate between good and bad conducts. Family crisis has caused the social control in children to be neglected.
Children as young as 12 years fall pregnant due to social problems in townships. Social problems include parental guidance, access to government grant, peer pressure, substance abuse, poverty, job marketing and education. Most teenagers do not have enough information on sexuality and contraceptives. Teenagers engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse lead to unwanted teenage pregnancy which is a serious social and health problem. About half of all South African teenagers aged between 15 and 19 reported having had sex.
Women who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless often lack control over their lives because they are dependent on others to provide accommodation (Australian Human Rights Commission, 2008). Over a third of women over the age of 15 have experienced physical, psychological and/or sexual violence at the hands of a current or former partner. Domestic violence is the number one reason why people present themselves to specialist homeless services, with 55% of female clients citing this reason (Homelessness Australia, 2012). These women are at risk of a shortage of affordable and available rental housing. If these women do leave the abuse it is harder for them to find and afford housing, this is due to them being the primary carer for the family and for this reason are more likely to be unemployed (Homelessness Australia, 2012).
There are three main factors that lead to homelessness which are structural factors, system failures and individual and relational factors. The structural factors is when a person is affected by economic and societal issues that affect their opportunities and social environment for example, the lack of adequate income and/or the experience of discrimination may lead to homeless. Furthermore, the system failures occur when the support from individual’s family and care fails resulting people become homeless helplessly. The third factor is individual and relational factors in which family violence and extreme poverty plays a role. The family with violence, abuse, addiction, mental health problems of other family members and extreme poverty can lead to being homeless.
It is stated that thirty-eight percent of homeless people abuse alcohol and twenty-six percent abuse drug. Some drug addicts and alcoholics become addicts when they are homeless already. However, some become homeless because of being dependent on drugs and alcohol most of their lives. Since they are dependent on drugs and alcohol their family will give up trying to help them, leaving them homeless and without any way of getting help. There are over forty-seven thousand American veterans who are homeless and seventy percent of those veterans are suffering from some form of mental illness.
However, children and adolescents are deeply underserved and often remain unseen. Four children die from maltreatment everyday, and neglect cases are on the rise. Often times, these are attributed to poverty. According to the 2005 census, 17.6% of children are living in poverty. The rate increases to 42% for children raised by single mothers (DeNavas-Walt, 2010).
Many people believe that it is not easy for homeless people to restart their lives and have a job. Because homeless people may have drug or alcohol problems, which make it very difficult to have a long-term job. As a result, they cannot makes enough income to support themselves. Homelessness is a very serious complex issue to which there are no simple solutions. Moreover, the young adults have the highest risk of becoming homeless in today word (Paulsen, 2007).