Peaceful resistance to laws positively affect a free society. Throughout history, there have been multiple cases of both violent and peaceful protests. However, the peaceful protests are the ones that tend to stick with a society and are the ones that change the society for the better. In April 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. wrote a letter about just and unjust laws while he was in Birmingham jail for peacefully protesting. King came to Birmingham because "injustice is here".
A catalyst in the Civil Rights Movement. Alongside of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks led the black community closer to Justice. Parks refused to sacrifice her seat to a white man in 1955, on a Montgomery city bus. This was not the first time Rosa battled with the same bus driver about the placement of her seat. When approaching the bus she proceeded to paid her fare and find her seat on the bus.
During the formation of a new nation, the government is founded upon one of four theories. The theory that most prominently influenced America's framers was the social contract theory, which can be described as a population in a state of nature giving up as much power to a government as needed to promote the wellbeing of all. To this end, the founding fathers endorsed Philosopher John Locke’s theory that since the government derives its power from its people, citizens are entitled to replace their government if their natural rights are violated. Therefore, during the American Revolution, American colonists were justified to utilize civil disobedience against British policies. Similarly, in modern times, citizens are still justified to practice their obligation explained in the Declaration of Independence that “whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation . . .
Constitutions that were man-made created societies based on hierarchy. That meaning, blacks were separated from white and rich separated from poor. How could America call itself "land of the free", when white men had more rights than others and had more freedom? Only white men could economically and socially move upward, while woman, African Americans, people with disabilities, and other races could not. This was an immobile society.
Civil Disobedience is a term that is held in a very stereotypical manner. When I think of the term, I think of a peaceful protest that eventually will solve the everlasting issue of governmental control regarding the people's lives. This term to me insinuates that no matter how terrible the situation at hand can be, individuals in any community like setting can ultimately be the bigger person and do no harm to anyone or anything while demoralizing a law. However in current situations, my assumption of the term has unfortunately taken a turn for the worse. Though this may be the case, I still continue to proclaim that civil disobedience sheds a positive light on communal views and how a society should handle an issue.
Segragation. One of the worst words in the entire human vocabulary. This word has caused people to be murdered,whipped,hanged,and so much more. There have been smaller cases where this is not always the case. However their impact on history is just as important as the darker side of this evil.
Trough out the 1960, the goal for racial became priority for many Afro-Americans who suffer from segregation or also called Jim Crow. After the Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court decision in 1896, all Afro-Americans will need to obey the law that stated separation of facilities or known as “separate but equal”. Since the 1900s, association like the NAACP fought for the equality in education, politics and economy in America between the races, in 1960 the nonviolent propaganda became a way to stop the segregation and start living as the constitution stated, with equality and freedom (Document 1). In 1954 the famous Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education the NAACP and Thurgood Marshall won against segregation when there was a concern about
ROSA PARKS AND THE MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT…. “I know someone would have to take the first step and I made up my mind not to move” ~ Rosa parks Segregation was a common thing before 1964. Acts like the Jim crow’s law legalized segregation all over the country. Parks, Trains, office’s and buses became common places where segregation was practiced.
Rosa Parks’s influence on the fight for equality was arguably the most impactful of all the leaders in the Civil Rights Movement. Rosa Parks first embarked on her Civil Rights journey by becoming involved with the NAACP. The author of the History website page on Rosa Parks claims, “in December 1943 Rosa also joined the Montgomery chapter of the NAACP, and she became chapter secretary” (Rosa Parks). Rosa started out as a follower, but became dedicated to the organization so she ran for a board position. About ten years later, the famous Rosa Parks story took place in Montgomery.
March Book One: Owen Mei 1. What are some examples of segregation and the Jim Crow laws in the 1940s - 1960s? Examples of segregation is that blacks weren 't allowed to go to school. They weren 't served at restaurants and were to sit at the end of a bus. Some Jim Crow laws were that they sat at the end of buses and have different rooms.
“Moral courage is more a rare commodity than bravery in a battle or great intelligence.” stated John F Kennedy. Moral courage is somebody who sacrificed their life or put their own life in danger to help somebody else or help millions of people. Rosa Parks is an example of somebody who showed moral courage. The Montgomery bus boycott would never had happened if it wasn't for Rosa Parks showing courage and standing up for what she believes in. Rosa Parks showed moral courage by standing up against racism when she refused to move to the back of the bus during segregation in the United States during the mid-twentieth century.