The 1950s was an important year for fashion and for African Americans. A few things that were important in the fifties was segregation, fashion and the influence that the fifties had on fashion.
The Montgomery bus boycott was sparked by the arrest of Rosa Parks. Rosa Parks was an African American who rode the bus every day. After working all day she tried to ride the bus home. She went to the back of the bus and sat where the blacks were supposed to sit. A white guy got on the bus and tried to get her to move because there were no seats left. She didn’t give up her seat so she got arrested and went to jail. This really helped to spark the Montgomery bus boycott.
Rosa Parks’ race was the main reason why she got arrested. “To implement their plan, they needed a model citizen to deny the segregationist policy and to get arrested for that action.” They needed someone from the black race that would stand up for the rights they don't have. Rosa Parks made the perfect decision in boycotting in one of the most segregated locations, the Bus. Perfect, meaning one place that everyone agreed on, therefore it was very racially split up. The Montgomery Bus Boycott was as big as it was , because of
Rosa Parks rode the bus and refused to move to the back section reserved for colored citizens when a white man got on. Rosa Parks said many things that day. Rosa felt uncomfortable and felt that she had the same right to sit where she was just as the white guy had the right to tell her to stand up. “When the driver saw me still sitting, he asked if I was going to stand up and I said, no i'm not” (Parks) As the white man walked on the bus and told Rosa Parks to stand up, she refused the law and stayed seated. Rosa had already caused a problem at this point.
Rosa Parks’s influence on the fight for equality was arguably the most impactful of all the leaders in the Civil Rights Movement. Rosa Parks first embarked on her Civil Rights journey by becoming involved with the NAACP. The author of the History website page on Rosa Parks claims, “in December 1943 Rosa also joined the Montgomery chapter of the NAACP, and she became chapter secretary” (Rosa Parks). Rosa started out as a follower, but became dedicated to the organization so she ran for a board position. About ten years later, the famous Rosa Parks story took place in Montgomery. The author of the Rosa Parks page emphasizes that, “By refusing to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, Alabama, city bus in 1955, black seamstress Rosa Parks (1913—2005) helped initiate the civil rights movement in the United States” (Rosa Parks). Simply put, Rosa inspired the rest of the African American communities around the United States to protest through boycotts whenever they had the chance to do so. Determined to get the bus segregation law overturned, Parks and her fellow NAACP
As The Civil Rights Movement was happening, there was opposing ideas against Park’s discussions. The bus system had unfair rules to African American’s even though they didn’t deserve it. Parks had to go to back of the line after she paid and if there wasn’t any seats left, she would not receive a refund. If there was seats, any colored person, including Rosa Parks would have
African Americans all around town refused to get on the buses. King ended up being a part of this boycott. This became known as the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Bus companies began to loose tons of money because whites even began to join in. Eventually, buses desegregated so they would start gaining the money they were losing. Rosa Parks is now well known for this boycott because it changed the way African Americans were treated on
Rosa took a stand because she did not want to be treated like a slave but she was not the only one how was sick of being a slave there was plenty of other people like there was Martin Luther King jr,Gandhi,Cesar Chavez, and plenty of other people. But also in those days slavery was fainting away but after her boycott Martin Luther King jr had his I HAVE A DREAM speech. Parks was also the first woman to lie in state at the U.S. capitol and also Parks was forced to move from montgomery soon after the boycott.
Unbenounced to her, Rosa Parks’ refusal to give up her seat to a white man ignited one of the largest and most successful mass movements in opposition to racial segregation in history. At a time when African Americans experienced racial discrimination from the law and within their own communities on a daily basis, they saw a need for radical change and the Montgomery bus boycott helped push them closer to achieving this goal. Unfortunately, much of black history is already excluded from textbooks, therefore to exclude an event as revolutionary to the civil rights movement as this one would be depriving individuals of necessary knowledge. The Montgomery bus boycott, without a doubt, should be included in the new textbook because politically
Citizens of Montgomery, Alabama were fuelled with intention to fight oppression and start a boycott against desegregation. In order for the boycott to make a difference, African Americans chose to walk to work or travel by taxi, no matter what physical health condition they were in. Throughout the boycott the NAACP consistently challenged the courts because of complete desegregation. However, before this problem occurred, Rosa Parks was arrested in Alabama for boycotting the city bus rules, which caused an outcry to end discrimination against African Americans and their rights. “The Supreme Court's decision laid the legal groundwork for a more concerted nationwide effort to eliminate racial barriers in other aspects of life. In December 1955 Rosa Parks, the secretary of the Alabama NAACP, was arrested in Montgomery, Alabama, for refusing to surrender her bus seat to a white man as was required by city law. In reaction to this arrest a group of black women called for an economic strike against the city buses in the form of a boycott. The decision to pursue the boycott followed an inspirational speech by Martin Luther King Jr. (1929–68), a young preacher who encouraged acts of nonviolent civil disobedience. The boycott lasted almost a year until the Supreme Court ruled the Montgomery bus law unconstitutional in late 1956”(Riggs). This solemnly paved the way for Martin Luther King to explain his
Rosa lived in a time when segregation, and racism were common in America, and she was constantly beset with issues concerning her race. Concerning her response to conflict, Tavaana states, “It was there that Rosa Parks, an African American woman, refused to vacate her seat in the middle of the bus so that a white man could sit in her place. She was arrested for her civil disobedience. Parks' arrest, a coordinated tactic meant to spark a grassroots movement, succeeded in catalyzing the Montgomery bus boycott”. Risking punishment, Rosa Parks chose to be brave, and in doing this, she gained control over an important aspect in her life: her freedom to choose what she needs and wants. Rosa was also able to make an impact on other people as well. Rosa was, “chosen by King as the face for his campaign because of Parks' good standing with the community, her employment and her marital status. Rosa Parks helped contribute to the image that King wanted to show the world, a crucial tactic in his local campaigns” (Tavaana). By choosing to show bravery instead of compliance, Rosa Parks was able to initiate movements for equality. Another African American faced with hardships during the 1950s, who emerged as a figurehead for social justice, and racial equality, was Martin Luther King Jr. Similar to Rosa, Martin Luther King Jr. showed bravery during
For example, Rosa Parks boarded a bus and sat on the whites only section, only to be arrested to do so. Through this horrific display of discrimination and disrespect, the Montgomery Bus Boycott shortly followed this incident, and overall discrimination began to decrease after as well. Through this significant show of bravery, Rosa Park was known to be "a symbol of dignity and strength in the face of discrimination" and "the mother of the civil rights movement". Her act of civil disobedience changed many Americans views regarding segregation and equality.
When Bus #2857 was first built nobody knew that one day it would make history. The bus, like all buses at the time, was segregated. Blacks were forced to sit behind the COLORED sign in the back of the bus and when the white section of the bus filled up, they were forced to give up their seats. On December 1st, 1935, Rosa Parks got on bus #2857 and sat behind the COLORED sign. All the seats in the white section were taken and at the next stop, a white man didn’t have a seat. The bus driver asked for Rosa to give up her seat for the white man, but she refused. Rosa Parks was arrested and this outraged the black community. This event was controversial to the civil rights movement.
On the night that Rosa Parks was captured, E.D. Nixon, leader of the nearby section of the NAACP, started shaping arrangements to sort out a blacklist of Montgomery 's city transports. Advertisements were put in nearby papers, and handbills were printed and dispersed in dark neighborhoods. Individuals from the African-American group were requested that stay off city transports on Monday, December 5, 1955—the day of Rosa 's trial—in dissent of her capture. Individuals were urged to stay home from work or school, take a taxicab or stroll to work. With the greater part of the African-American group not riding the transport, coordinators trusted a more drawn out blacklist may be effective.
On December 1, 1955, Rosa parks “...quietly set off a social revolution when [a] bus driver instructed her to move back, and she refused” (Bredhoff et al.). Parks worked as a seamstress in Montgomery, Alabama and had gotten on a bus to head home. “On the city buses of Montgomery, Alabama, the front 10 seats were permanently reserved for white passengers… Mrs. Parks was seated in the first row behind those 10 seats.” (Bredhoff et al.). When Parks refused to move her seat, the bus driver told her to move her seat again but she argued “that she was not in a seat reserved for whites” (Bredhoff et al.). Rosa Parks was then arrested, charged with “refusing to obey orders of bus driver”, and brought to court. In 1956, “...a panel of three judges in the U.S. District Court for the region ruled in another case that racial segregation of public buses was unconstitutional” (Bredhoff et al.). Rosa Parks was released from jail and is now known as the “Mother of the Civil Rights Movement.” Rosa Parks’ story stands out among all the other stories like this because her one simple act of saying “No” resulted in a change of law and change of thinking for most