Thesis: Police interrogations can occasionally lead to false confessions due to misclassification, coercion, and contamination. I. The phrase “Innocent until proven guilty” is a popular statement among law enforcement and government employees, but this statement is not always upheld, as various errors, such as misclassification, are a major cause of false confessions. A. Misclassification errors are caused by “investigator bias,” where the investigator goes into the interrogation believing the suspect is guilty. (Keene) B.
Wrongful convictions have plagued the world throughout history. When crimes are committed the public feels ascertain a way about the situation. Depending on the severity of the issues, the last thing the public wants is for the criminals to get away. The pressure intensifies to catch some one for the crime. The technology advancements alone have led to several cold cases freeing the wrongfully convicted.
is likely that ex-offenders might relapse to criminal behaviorand return back to prison due to the difficulty and stress in managing a different yet normal life (Wikoff, Linhorst&Morani, 2012). This relapse to criminal behavior or reoffending after the offender receives necessary sanction or undergoes intervention for the previous crime is coined as recidivism (Maltz, 2001). Maltz (2001) also contends that recidivism is one of the most fundamental concepts in criminal justice. It results from psychological, social and economic consequences of the offence for the incarcerated individual (Rujjavanet, 2013). Existing studies on recidivism (New York Council of State Governments Justice Center, 2014; Maltz, 2001; Taylor, 2012) have consistently noted that unsuccessful reintegration and recidivism have been alarming problems confronting these correctional facilities.It has been established that one of the primary issues in the correctional services field is the reintegration of ex-prisoners (Shinkfield&Graffam, 2009).
Wrongful Convictions The criminal justice system exists for individuals to express their right to due process. However, even the criminal justice system has flaws. Wrongful convictions do occur and statistics show that as much as .5% - 1% of all convictions are wrongful. (Zalman, 2017) The past system, especially prior to DNA evidence testing, was harsh and very one-sided. So why do wrongful convictions occur?
Selective incapacitation targets a specific type of offender, the type that is generally dangerous and more likely to continue offending outside of prison. Their prison sentences may be lengthier because of their unstable characteristics. There is a problem with selective incapacitation though; discrimination between races and ethnic minorities happen because they are more commonly found to be in the selective incapacitation approach. The other more expansionist approach is general incapacitation where the broad use of imprisonment is utilized “to achieve large gains in crime prevention by locking away even minor offenders” (Alarid & Reichel, 2017, p. 20). However, with this approach, the problem posed is overpredicting which results in avoidable long sentences for a population that would generally not
Plea bargaining can present a dilemma to defence counsel in choosing between vigorously seeking a good deal for their present client or maintaining a good relationship with the prosecutor for the sake of helping future clients. There are few ways to bargain with the prosecuting officers. For both the government and the defendant, the decision to enter into or not to enter into a plea bargain can be based on few things. One of them is the seriousness of the alleged crime. Other than that, the strength of the evidence in the case will also be taken into consideration whether to allow or not plea bargain.
Annotated Bibliography Draft Student name : Haider Zafaryab Student number: 2360526 Thesis Statement : Capital Punishment is a very controversial topic around the globe. I believe that it does more harm than good and breeds violence in society. Source 1: Radelet, M. L., & Akers, R. L. (1996). Deterrence and the Death Penalty: The Views of the Experts. The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology (1973-), 87(1), 1. doi:10.2307/1143970 This article was written by Michael L. Radelet and Ronald L. Akers.
There are many flaws that exist in the current criminal justice system. Many that need to be altered in order to insure that justice is issued indiscriminately. This paper will draw information from four sources, and compare the information drawn to Reiman’s beliefs. Then the paper will come to a final conclusion on how Reiman believes the criminal justice system should be fixed. Reiman’s discussion of crime in America begins with looking at the high crime rates and reviewing the excuses people make for this high rate.
Organizations are taking action against the death penalty by researching, publishing, and exposing facts whenever officials want to abuse their power with the law. When the final sentence is being decided, the system they use to determine, is very flawed. The sentence is determined not by the gravity of the crime, but depending heavily on the person’s lawyer. Another thing that is used against the defendant, is race. As sad as using race to determine when someone else’s life is going to end sounds, officials really do that.
Summary The case "Road to Hell" by Gareth Evans made us reevaluate our views towards racism issues in modern society. Often enough these issues can not be fully covered by standard legalistic approach and need a deeper research to prove that racism has been a cause of the major problem within a community, organization or a whole society. CRT has helped us justify our position that unintentional racism by John Baker caused the conflict within the organization and resignation of one of the key employees, Matt Rennalls. I used three characteristics of racism in the analysis of the characters ' behavior including One group believes itself to be superior, That group has the power to carry out racist behavior, Racism affects multiple groups. And i also found that all five elements of CTR could be applied to this case study is the central nature of race and racism, a challenge to dominant ideology, a commitment to social justice, the central nature of knowledge that comes from experience, an interdisciplinary