The wording effect and the misinformation effect also plays a large role in leading the witness to reconstruct false memories. For example, by using different verbs like hit, smashed, crashed, and bumped, very different testimonies can be given from the witnesses. Leading questions from investigators
We tend to mistake or confuse people in our daily lives, if one witnesses a crime are they most likely to remember what happened and recognize who did it? Memory can be easily deceived and we can create false memories. In psychology, there are numerous studies that focus on memory and on how accurately someone is able to recall a crime and the perpetrator. For instance, Elizabeth Loftus (1974) comes in mind when we talk about eyewitness testimonies and how the leading questions influence what we remember about an incident. Sometimes misinformation that is given to us can alter what we recall from the incident.
According to Penmesta and Pulugurtha, violating traffic laws can result in serious injury and even fatalities between motorist in the United States. While people are affected by speeding motorist daily, other factors, such as drugs and alcohol, are two times more likely to cause more severe accidents as opposed by a sober person. My issue is excessive speeds have been the factor in deaths across the country. In their article, their research has pointed out that people that have broken the traffic laws has resulted in crashes and fatalities, but we also need a retraining program to achieve zero traffic deaths. The second article, A new approach for assessing and training drivers’ speed management, supports the finding by Penmasta and Pulugurtha.
Generally, it is difficult to fathom the rationale behind a false confession. False confession is commonly defined as an admission of guilt to a particular crime even though the confessor is not accountable for the crime. The phenomenon of false confession have been dated back into the past, during the Salem Witch Trials in 1692, where a large numbers of individuals were accused of witchcraft on a basis of confession extracted using physical torture and threats. (Kassin, 2010). In addition, even after a few centuries, the phenomenon of false confession continues.
In order to increase safety and reduce death, it would be prudent to raise the minimum driving age. More crashes are caused by teens, who are more careless than older drivers. As writer Anahad O’Connor explains, teens “account for 10 times as many crashes as middle aged drivers” considering that they naturally “make simple mistakes, like failing to scan the road, misjudging driving conditions and becoming distracted” (Jago 29). Teenagers make an abundance of mistakes in their everyday lives, so it is plausible that those blunders would translate to mishaps on the road. Most people become more calm, more alert, and gain a more discerning gaze at the road as they age, making
The coercion method covers a broad range of factors that are used, whether intentionally or not, to add pressure to the interrogation. Precise methods, such as providing suspects with a reason for their lack of memory, repeatedly accusing the suspect as guilty, isolating the accused from others, causing interrogations to be extensively emotional and exhausting, telling the accused that there is proof of their guilt, reminding the suspect that there are red flags in their history, and continually re-stating the severity of punishment, are all used to induce a false confession (Chapman). Whether through manipulation, induced stress and other emotions, or threats, coercive errors cause suspects to feel their only way to escape the interrogation and the pressures that come with it are to fabricate a confession. The way law enforcement interrogations are carried out causes the extensive pressure detainees are put under. As a result, it is easy to blame the interrogator for using such psychologically taxing methods.
The effects of distracted driving are car accidents, traffic violations, and long-term emotional issues. Distracted driving can lead to car accidents. When people do other things, it can be result in an car accidents. According to the Safe Motorist website, “In 2010, 3092 people were killed in a crash involving a distracted driver” (Safemotorist). That is over 3000 people who did not go home to their families.
You may use personal experiences, observations, or examples from previous readings in order to support your position. Is a good name more important than the truth? Prevalent in The Crucible, preserving your reputation is a common theme amongst several characters. Telling lies to keep their place in the Salem community. Can the lies if discovered, ruin there reputation even more than the truth?
Imagine being placed in a situation where if one does not confess to their actions or beliefs, even if they are not true, there will be negative consequences. One would either confess truthfully or not, based the consequence and if they are willing to go through it for the greater good. This theme has been demonstrated through many ways such as in books, mainstream current media, and in the history of the United States. Negative consequences can influence whether or not one chooses to rightly, or falsely, confess as evidenced by characters in the Crucible by Arthur Miller, President Clinton confessing his affair after denying it, and finally, during the McCarthy era when politicians attempted to convince many Hollywood stars to falsely confess
Research from Conley indicated that Gorgias rhetoric was evil and unethical. The research done by Vailvaitcharka suggested that previous researchers are wrong to combine evil with the way in which Gorgias uses his rhetoric in the encomium. I think that both researchers have valid points. For the purpose of evaluating whether or not I agree with using rhetoric in this what, I would respond yes in regard to circumstance. Whenever an individual is educated on the subject matter at hand speech is a useful tool to guide people in making the right decisions.
Sobriety checkpoints will allow the authority to have visible checkpoints in which a driver may be required to have their breath tested for alcohol. A sobriety checkpoints will allow the police to stop intoxicated drivers before any serious problems have been caused. Either way, police officers are able to detain any drivers that seemed to be impaired which will reduce the number of accidents. Even though sobriety checkpoints might seem like an the all end solution, studies show that “deputies were wrong 80% of the time when they thought reasonable suspicion justified forcing a driver to take FST” (Sobriety Checkpoints). Clearly, humans error is a main factor in these types of laws which is why sobriety checkpoints should not be a main