In general, they are both willing to bear pain and rigorous training in both physical and psychological. However, stoics support that people should be rational toward the nature since they tend to think logically(logos). More precisely, they tend to support that people should accept all the things without personal emotion. On the other hand, the Cynics suggest that the nature is to be honest. For instance, Cynics don’t believe this whole society since in their mind.
However, in the fight for universal justice, these men needed people to truly agree with their ideas rather than know the personal accounts that led to each man’s beliefs, alling for a persuasivve essay; the only method that would allow for a platform to relate experiences to and and all readers, thus giving the ultimate stage for acceptance. As Thoreau argues to wander from the majority and King encourages acting out in the face of injustice, their genres cross at persuasion. From here, each essay is formatted the same. Thoreau in Civil Disobedience overshadows his personal experiences in prison with the reasons why he was sent there--the protest, the need for it, and the perspective that his jail time was only a small price for an ultimate gift: the end to malpractices in legislation. King in the Letter from Birmingham Jail does open with a direct address to his competition, but even with references to these men, his own family, and his own first and second hand accounts, the letter is clearly a plea to join the fight for civil rights as he discusses the reasoning for his massive movement, the need for national attention, and potential changes yet to be made and courses to reach them.
This can be seen through the officer’s reasoning when he makes his decisions and the traveler’s disapproval of the apparatus. Throughout the story, the officer appears as a man with values and principles, yet acts with total ignorance of either compassion or sympathy because of the power he holds with the apparatus. The officer does not feel responsible for his immorality and in fact, does not see himself as being immoral. He also does not see the point in telling a prisoner the reason why he is being executed. He proudly informs the traveler: “the principle on which I base my decisions is: guilt is always beyond doubt” (Kafka 199).
He states that virtue is an abstract concept and because of that it doesn’t have any real world consequences. Keeping that in mind virtue won’t be an adequate guide to being a politician. Machiavelli even defines it as receiving praise, not have a good moral compass. Doing what is morally right will gain you favor with the people that you’re ruling, but it may only last a short time if there are unforeseen consequences. A leader in charge of a large group of people needs to cast aside their personal moralities and think of the big picture.
Stevenson portrays Jekyll as impotent against his temptations, due to his attempt to purify his soul. On the other hand, he portrays Utterson as one who does not succumb to his desires. Stevenson seldom ever speaks of Utterson’s temptations and instead, focuses more on Jekyll’s pleasure of the “thought of [the] separation of these elements” (61), in order to avoid jeopardizing his reputation. Towards the end of the novella, Stevenson reveals Jekyll’s belief and sole purpose to split humankind’s two natures. Meanwhile, despite the minimal mentions of how Utterson tackles his temptations, Stevenson primarily shows Utterson’s dominance over his desires.
For example, it was expressed in his repeated addresses to readers. His choice of words, like “do we really expect to stay afloat… [or] our fault lies not so much with our economy” (Fridman), shows the author does not try to blame other peoples, while admits all parts of the society, including “nerds and geeks”, should participate in the problem solving. The emotional appeal appears from the beginning of the text, as it was mentioned above. “There is something very wrong with the system of values in a society that has only derogatory terms” (Fridman), the author starts with the expression of his negative opinion about the situation. He uses the essay to flip reader to his side.
But when faced with the choice to fight for money, he states, “I don’t want to fight...I’m no dog or rooster”(Wright 240). His own morals keep him from inflicting unjustified violence upon someone else, unlike how his family treats him. Altogether, nature versus nurture proves to be an underlying theme in the autobiography Black Boy by Richard Wright. Wright demonstrates resilience against his family’s beliefs, refusing to be influenced by anything except his own experiences and himself. Clearly, his ideas aren’t based off familial bonds, but are truly his
De Kock did have a conscience, but the line of work that he was in and the tasks he was assigned required him to desensitize himself and subdue his inner conscience - something the society in general also did (52). He was able to convince himself that the apartheid ideology was morally correct and what he was doing was justified. While convincing himself that what he was doing was right, his conscience was silenced and numbed every time his "trigger hand" shot at any anti-apartheid supporter. Initially, Gobodo-Madikizela was surprised to find herself regarding to de Kock as a regular man because to the rest of the world de Kock was a cold-hearted killer responsible for the deaths of hundreds of ANC members (CITE). After meeting with him, she asserted that de Kock was someone who was caught in the system and did have a conscience, but instead chose to ignore it during the apartheid.
“With them, justice, liberty and humanity were “final”; not slavery and oppression.” This relates to the hardships and the fact that the people don’t recognize how terrible it is. And that these meanings of these “free” words mean something else to him and other slaves. He shows that the changes are hard but once they are made everything will be peaceful. Rhetorical features and strategies are Douglass’ forte’ in engaging with the audience. He uses metaphors and antithesis within to strengthen that connection.
In Orwells essay he paints a picture of being forced to make a decision he doesn't moraley support because of the power he was to represent. This same idea works in the opposite way, I was constantly looked at not as an individual from a nation but instead I was judged by the same words that described the US. Luckily for me that wasn't always a bad thing wherever
But he notes that this need not convince anyone that there is no reason for believing in God:the theologian can, if he wishes, accept this criticism. He can admit that no rational proof of God’s existence is possible. And he can still retain all that is essential to his position, by holding that God’s existence is known in some other, non-rational way.”Mackie’s aim is to show that philosophy is not only capable of criticizing arguments for God’s existence, but also showing that God does not exist, thus closing off the position of the theologian