The humanists believed that it was important to enter the afterlife with a perfect mind and body. They argued that this can only be done through education. The purpose of humanism was to create a universal man who combined both, physical beauty and intellectual excellence and who would be honorable in virtually any situation. The Renaissance can therefore be seen a period of great change and development across Europe. The Roman Catholic Church fought to maintain its power while Europe came in to contact with other religions and Christians themselves began to question the role and dominance of the Vatican.
However, there are new religions and new gods being brought up quite frequently. A specific religion is christianity. Christianity was very unlike other religions, particularly because of their monotheistic views. Christians were seen as threat to the Romans at this time prior to around 381, which is around when Christianity became a common religion. Although Christians were good citizens, and people who wanted to follow Jesus, they were constantly impacted by aspects of the Roman culture.
Beowulf meets literature Beowulf is an early poem set during the time of England changing from pagan to a Christian culture. Beowulf was told over the years by the Pagan Anglo-Saxons. The poem is about a hero who defeats monsters for the fame. The poem depicts both the pagan and Christian. Beowulf was a hero who dies during battle but still gets his fame that he so longed for.
A hero’s purpose is to sacrifice his life while trying to aid others. Beowulf sees this as an opportunity to make himself be known; he believes those who have fought should be remembered through time. Throughout Beowulf’s heroic journey, he fought for a loyal cause, he followed the code of honor, and showed courageous bravery. From time to time, Beowulf always showed that he cared for everyone other than himself. When Beowulf hears that the king needed aid to help defeat grendel, he never second guessed his decision.
Beowulf is an Anglo-Saxon epic about a great warrior who values the Anglo-Saxon ideas of loyalty, personal indebtedness, fame, fate, and heroism. The epic is named after, and centered on, Beowulf and his quests; however, several other characters also reflect Anglo-Saxon values throughout the story. For example, King Hrothgar built “the best/ Of all mead-halls” (ll.145-146) so that his “men lived happy” (l. 15). Hrothgar built the mead-hall because he was indebted to his men who served and protected him. Meanwhile, Beowulf was indebted to Hrothgar because Hrothgar once defended Beowulf’s family.
It was clear that “Grendel would have killed more if wise God and man 's courage had not forestalled that fate” (Verney, 27). He displays his courage twice more when he is fearless and accepts to fight Grendel’s mother, and later the dragon. “Beowulf experiences neither the refusal of the call nor the refusal of the return” (Kelley, 138). Beowulf’s heroism is in some ways defined by the many quests he went on. He was first tasked to save the Danes from certain death by the hands of Grendel.
It is evident from the beginning of the poem that Beowulf is meant to be the hero. He is strong, brave, and courageous but is also boastful and seeks only fame and glory. These characteristics are examples of things that could be related to hyper masculinity and are not necessarily desired in a hero today. In the quote “They have seen my strength for themselves, Have watched me rise from the darkness of war, Dripping with my enemies' blood. I drove Five great giants into chains, chased All of that race from the earth.
An example of honor is when he chooses t fight Grendel with no armor. “unarmed he shall face me, if face me he dares.” (685-685). This proves to the reader and to Beowulf’s men that he is a truly honorable warrior. He has gone above and beyond to make the fight equitable and make sure that he is at no advantage. The last trait that Beowulf shows is bravery.
Beowulf is the hero to his King's son and country, by staying loyal and having honor. Beowulf does eventually become king when Higlac's son is killed. "Beowulf ruled in Geatland, took the throne he refused, once, and held it long and well." Because of Beowulf's well-known reputation, all the Geat's enemies were afraid to fight against the mighty warrior. As Beowulf reigned for years, all was peaceful, until 50 years have gone by and a dragon wakes from his
The third and final enemy Beowulf is the Dragon. The difference between this enemy is that before a thief tried stealing its treasure it was doing nothing but minding its own business. By the time Beowulf must face the dragon he is an old and honored king and is well out of his prime. This final battle is a battle in which Beowulf is well out matched with the dragons ability to control flame and flight. Though innocent of the thievery, Beowulf must defend his people and his kingdom.
His 95 theses which propounded two central beliefs that the Bible is the central religious authority and that humans may reach salvation only by their faith and not by their deed was to spark the Protestant Reformation. Although these ideas had been advanced before, Martin Luther codified them at them at the moment in history ripe for religious reformation. The Catholic Church was ever after divided and the Protestantism that soon emerged was shaped by the Luther’s ideas. Luther’s writings changed the course of religious and cultural history in the West. His revolutionary ideas served as the catalyst for the eventual breaking away from the Catholic Church.