The men of the town have all the power and their rule is reinforced not only by law, but also by the supposed sanction of God. In this society, the lower rungs of the social ladder are unmarried youths like Abigail. Powerless in daily life, Abigail finds a sudden source of control in her alleged possession by the devil and the hysterical denunciation of her fellow townsfolk. The Puritans believe that the Devil is working to tempt human beings away from God. All references to witchcraft are connected with fear, suspicion and the collapse of normal social values.
Danforth: Judge, Jury, and Executioner Judge Danforth’s position in the crucible is the Judge assigned to the proceedings of the Salem witch trials. Instead of treating this immense responsibility with the respect and restraint that is needed, Danforth abused his power by betraying the people of Salem and the Law. He did not listen to the people of Salem defending themselves before inevitably being sent to death; and he cared more about his reputation and the law than he did about peoples’ lives. Danforth was a ruthless power over the people of Salem he demanded respect for himself and the court; and nothing was more important than that. During the trials, Danforth showed that he only sees things in black and white.
Proctor and Hale, are similar because they both see the genuine motivations behind the accusations and struggle to defend the people being harmed. Despite these similarities, they also have major differences in their nature; since they have contrasting levels of devotion to Puritanism and to the moral principles they live by. Reverend Hale and John Proctor are both similar because they discover the malicious intentions of the accusations, and tries to avert further damage dealt by these false accusations. When John first hears about the trials, he doubts the legitimacy of the court proceedings. He even considers going to Salem to persuade the Deputy Governor from convicting innocent people.
Putnam claims that “There is a murdering witch among us, bound to keep herself in the dark. Let your enemies make of it what they will, you cannot blink it more” (16). Putnam is yet another powerful male figure in Salem Betty has taken a grip over in the town. He, in this quote, truly believes that the devil is among the town of Salem based on Betty’s current condition. Reverend Hale, encouraging Tituba to give more names of witches, tells her to look at Betty’s “god- given innocence; her soul is so tender; we must protect her; Tituba; the Devil is out and preying on her like a beast upon the flesh of a pure lamb.
Warren soon regrets her decision and looks to reconcile. The power she holds scares her and she wished to appease her past deeds od accusing anyone and everyone in the town of witchcraft. Mary works for the Proctors, and her ties seem to cause her guilt when she ultimately accuses Elizabeth of witchcraft and attempting to kill her. To rescind her actions Mary states “ Why, I-I think it is mine. [the poppet]” (Miller 75).
One of the many themes in The Crucible is mass hysteria. The witch trials are occurring because everyone in Salem is alarmed by the thought of Satan being among them. Miller uses mass hysteria in the book to show how simple it is to create disruption among a society. The theme is important because it “warns us of the dangers of reacting blindly because we are afraid of something” (enotes.com). When the judge asks Mary Warren to faint and she can’t, she says, “I heard the other girls screaming, and you, Your Honor, you seemed to believe them… but then the whole world cried spirits… I only thought I saw them but I did not.” Mary was alone the second time she went to court and that was why she could not faint.
After listening to such violent repercussions, Tituba admits that she “don 't desire to work for him”(44) though implying contact between the Devil and herself. In spite of fear, Tituba openly admits to being controlled by the Devil, reassuring the prevalence of the Devil in Salem. Being the first character to openly admit to being associated with the Devil, this significantly exemplifies the fear and uncertainty within the townspeople, thus continually augmenting the Devil’s authority over society. As the ferocious argument between Parris, Putnam, and Abigail lingers, Tituba conveys a message “sent by the Devil” explaining his severe hatred toward Parris who “must be kill[ed]! Mr. Parris no goodly... man, and he bid me rise out of my bed and
You may believe the heroism is something found in distant conflicts or stories of hardship that come to a mythical character, perhaps Hercules of Greek mythology or the soldiers of World War 2. To the surprise of many, however, heroism takes place not just in these epic tales of extreme gore and violence, but instead in your hometown. This is exactly the situation the town of Salem, Massachusetts found itself in as they fell into peril. As illustrated in Arthur Miller’s “The Crucible”, the fear of witchcraft and petty hatred towards others lead to the downfall of innocent lives. Throughout the destruction of the town’s civil order, certain characters went against the flow that they had been peer pressured into and instead decided to act heroically
Edwards elaborates on his claim and states if God were to spare the audience now, they would “immediately sink and plunge into a bottomless gulf” of Hell. This dramatic imagery shows the Puritans that God will no longer come to their rescue because the Puritans have chosen to serve Satan. Edwards tries to reach his audience by saying Hell is a “great furnace of wrath” where sinners belong. This description of Hell shows Edwards belief that sinners will pay for not serving God by facing God’s wrath in Hell. Each claim made by Jonathan Edwards motivates the audience to stop serving Satan in order to escape the “very misery to all eternity” that is Hell.
Innocent and guilty people have been put to death underneath his Judgement, to him this demonstrates his superiority and power. Along with the final say in the putting to death of people during the Salem witch trials. Miller portray’s Danforth’s characterization as stubborn, highly religious, and arrogant in order to to provide a clearer understanding. Judge Danforth wants to keep the full respect of the people, and therefore is stubborn on any decision he makes in the court, so he
While he himself is a Puritan, he would want to strive for helping others instead of just helping himself. He was asked to bring witches to trial lawfully and with proof, but alas he just profited from the many accusations of his. In the truth the irony of this whole situation is that during these events the holy Puritans threw their beliefs out the metaphorical window. And in doing so turned their civilized village to and savage society. Option B With several judges coming to salem to commence the trials of the few soon to be the many.
It broke him to know that he was at fault for 19 innocent deaths. This experience changes him from being a confident man, who believed in the law and the witch trials to a humble and hurt man. At the beginning of the story Hale was overly confident. Parris reached out to him to come to Salem and hunt witches. Hale felt pride because he was called publically.
In The Crucible Arthur Miller shows his theme of how the easier evil or the harder good can affect your life and others around you. Arthur Miller shows this through the example of john proctor signing the confession but then later choosing to stick to what is right and pay for the price for other people’s sins. This affects the people of the town on how anyone can be killed no matter the power and that death isn’t for sport. John Proctor is a well-known name in the town of Salem, and when he confesses to witch craft it doesn’t sit right with him. He comes to realize that “it is my name” and he only gets one during his lifetime.
Though John Proctor‘s affair with Abigail marks him as a sinful person, his good nature makes him a tragic hero. Proctor is said to be respected and feared in the town, but he began to view himself as a fraud. He is fully aware that he has sinned, yet he has not confessed it (1245). His actions mark him as a lecher. This, along with his sparse church attendance, gives enough reason to kick him out of the puritan town and label him a sinner, best to be avoided.