The Age of Exploration is what causes Americans to now celebrate Columbus Day. The Age of Exploration inspired Christopher Columbus to sail west to find the Northwest Passage and wealth. Although it is believed that Columbus was not the first to make it to the New World his discovery caused massive change. The Age of Exploration sparked by the desire of more successful trade routes and goods set off the momentous, Colombian Exchange which led to the spread of disease and swop of animals as well as crops. The Age of Exploration was initiated by the Europeans because of their desire for luxury goods from Asia and a faster way of getting them.
Gold has always been a beloved and highly sought after commodity. Even the word gold brings people running to get their hands on it due to their greed and the power and money associated with gold. Prior to 1848 though, whenever gold was obtained, it was directly given to the king, pharaoh, czar, or the ruler of the nation in which the gold was discovered. The people would dig and dig for the gold and be rewarded with nothing. Then, on January 24, 1848, James Marshall struck gold, and this time there was nobody demanding they get their hands on it.
Many European explorers wanted to become wealthier in their travels. This is shown in Letter of Christopher Columbus to Luis de Sant Angel, where the text states, “I can give them as much gold, spices, cotton, and as many Indian slaves as they choose to send for.” Christopher Columbus is requesting that King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella fund his journey. He promises to make them rich in return. This demonstrates how explorers, like Columbus, were seeking gold and other treasures when they began exploring. The thirst for gold is also seen in Spanish Conquistador Hernando Cortez.
The Europeans were making money off of cash crops planted in the fertile land, which helped them to become more powerful. For example, the tobacco seed brought in extreme wealth and without Columbus’ exploration, the plant may have never been cultivated. The new world also provided vast land to populate, which helped to increase their culture’s size, which lead to a more advanced society because they had more people learning and working. Columbus’ travels provided educational and economic opportunities that bettered Europe and advance their society. Because of the improvements Columbus’ journey provided to European society, he is worthy of a celebratory
His motivations were like those of most men in that time: God, Gold, and Glory. Columbus wanted to become rich by finding the spices that were in Asia and he also wanted to prove that Asia wasn’t really that far from Europe. He also wanted to spread Christianity through his journey. As well as his theory being proven correct, he also had many things to gain. In his journal it states, “[Your Highness] ordered me to proceed with a sufficient armament to the said regions of India, and for that purpose granted me great favors, and ennobled me that thenceforth I might call myself Don, and be High Admiral of the Sea, and perpetual Viceroy and Governor in all the islands and continents which I might discover and acquire, or which may hereafter he discovered and acquired in the ocean; and that this dignity should be inherited by my eldest son, and thus descend from degree to degree forever.” (Medieval Sourcebook: Christopher Columbus: Extracts from Journal, Paragraph 1) From this we can clearly see all he had to gain from this
California is known for many great events, but the biggest one of them all would probably be the gold rush. The gold rush started when the first amount of gold was found in 1848. The news of this gold also brought people from everywhere to california. The gold rush did not just have people finding gold, but these people also built little towns. In the towns came people that had built and managed stores.
Initially, European countries were looking for a water passage to China so they would be able to trade for their goods. Spain, who lead the charge, landed in Central and South America, captured gold and silver. From this the Spain were able to grow their army and hence, their political power. Next in line were the France who landed in North America and discovered the land to be ripe with animal pelts which brought great wealth to the French. The Dutch had found the same success as the France.
The English originally settled in Jamestown to explore the vast landscape for treasure, such as gold, and acquire wealth. The Virginia Company left Englishmen believing promises of rich land, peaceful natives, and abundant resources that awaited them in Virginia, inducing disastrous effects in the first decade of
Although he did not find a water route to the Indies like he had intended, he found many valuable foods native to only the New World, and he found gold which became a high demand to search for among fellow explorers and conquistadors. His findings greatly increased his country’s economy, and later the New World offered a place for religious freedom from the Roman Catholic, Protestant, and Anglican church for anyone who wanted to chose a different denomination of Christianity. Columbus also started the Columbian Exchange, which allowed the newly discovered goods from the New World to be transported and traded within and around Europe. While Christopher Columbus made many advancements towards the evolution of Europe and sea routes for trade, I still consider him a villain due to the many lives that he took, because I feel that he could have made these same advancements for Europe, but without as much bloodshed as he
The relationship between the Americans and Native Americans was obviously at a divide, consequently strengthening each other’s nationalist pride. Once the Native Americans were removed, Americans were free to enjoy the land for themselves. Furthermore, the government encourages Americans to move west to the acres upon acres of available land. The drive to excavate new land was increase even more during the Californian gold rush of the 1840s. Those that came to California had a twinkle in their eyes that yearned for the success that they had dreamed of obtaining.