The Spanish exploration and colonisation made both a positive and negative impact on Latin America. The arrival of the Spanish explorers to the new world made a big change and they are the reason Latin America looks the way it does today. However these people were ruthless and were the tyrants of the new world. One of Spain’s major foreign policy objectives since the advent of democracy has been to increase its influence in Latin America. Spain has had interest in this area due to historical ties and a common linguistic, cultural and religious heritage (Countrystudies.us, 2017).
The Columbian Exchange was the exchange of goods animals and plants from one country to another. The Columbian Exchange had many impacts. Some of them can still be seen today. One example is introduction of new species. Another is the slave trade that happened.
The French colonies in North America did not attract many settlers; therefore the French also enslaved Native Americans in farming and mining. The French exploited existing inter-tribal alliances and rivalries to establish trade with the Huron, Montagnais and the Algonquis. This tribe then competed to be the exclusive intermediaries between other Indian traders who also lived along the St. Lawrence River and up to the Great Lakes. Native Americans did the majority of the work, tracking, trapping and skinning the animals. The French traders then exchanged textiles, weapons and metal goods for the furs of animals.
During the early 15th century, there were thousands of groups of people with distinct cultures and languages spread across the Americas. Their lifestyles varied from hurters to farmers. Because of the diversity and complexity, civilizations rose and fell even before Christopher Columbus’s voyage. When Columbus sailed across the Atlantic Ocean, there were about 50 million people living on the Americas. Their lives drastically changed from the arrival of the Europeans.
In 1492, just as the Reconquista ended in Spain, Christopher Columbus left for Asia. Spain would later create one of the largest empires in history. Expelling Jews and muslims, Ferdinand and Isabella highly centralized the Catholic bureaucracy and founded a strongly Catholic Spain (Norton 16). Also, increased competition with Portugal motivated the Spanish to explore this new route to Asia. Influence from the current cultural events shaped the motives for Spanish exploration.
The term Columbian Exchange refers to the biological and cultural exchange of animals, plants, diseases, technology and etcetera after the people of the Eastern and Western hemispheres encountered one another during the European exploration and colonization of the Americas. The Columbian Exchange modified the environment by adding new species that had not lived in that area before. For example, the Europeans brought grapes and cow to the Americas, and they brought beans and cocoa from the Americas to Europe. People benefited from the Columbian Exchange because the exchange of species ended the famine of the people on both sides of the Atlantic. The Native Americans benefited in particular because they didn’t have domestic animals before the
XV century inaugurated the start of the European Expansion with Portugal and Spain being the first most successful countries in discovering and colonizing new lands. Spanish colonization of America, without any doubt, was one of the most important events of that period. Stories about lands with many wonderful goods, spices, and other riches encouraged European men, who wanted to enrich themselves and find a better life over the sea, to travel and explore, claiming new lands to become dominions of the sponsoring party, in this case, the Crown of Spain. Christopher Columbus’ first voyage, backed by Queen Isabella of Castile, aimed to find a route to Asia through the West, but was not successful in its goal. However, the result of this unprecedented voyage was more than revolutionary: it discovered the New World.
The Colombian Exchange and Silk Road were very similar, but at the same time they are very different. They both were a global system of exchange. The Silk Road was around from 3000 B.C. to the 15th century, and the Colombian Exchange was around from 1492 to 1789. Also, the Colombian Exchange was a land and sea trade route, but the Silk Road was land and sea. During the Colombian Exchange, they would use boats to travel.
The Columbian exchange is exactly what it sounds; it's what the new world and old world gained with the explorations of the America’s. The Columbian exchange sounds like a positive aspects but it carries both negative and positive connotation as the ‘Columbian exchange’ brought diseases, foods, and new ideas following the voyage of the ever-famous Christopher Columbus. The creation of the new world – about 90 percent of the native have disappeared, but “it was exchanges of animal and plants that made the new world possible”. The introduction of the new specifics of foods like, potatoes became essential to the old world, as it can grow In the soil of the old world that has been over used (Nunn). Corn was also brought from the new world to
Many trades and exchanges throughout history bring very diverse cultures together. Nothing like widespread exchange over two hemispheres had never existed before 1492. Even though the cultures participating in these exchanges were viewed as different since they lived on opposite sides of the globe, they also had many commonalities. The Western Europeans and the East Asians were impacted greatly by the Colombian exchange. The western Europeans destructed and changed most of what they encountered while the East Asians blended and assimilated into the “new” cultures.
Positive effects of the Columbian Exchange was that it gave Europe and America new resources which in turn expanded their knowledge. The got new foods, animals, and materials they wouldn't otherwise have. The bad thing about the Columbian Exchange was that it spread disease between Europe and
The Silk Road began in the 2nd century BCE with the diplomatic missions of Zhang Qian sent by the Han Emperor. The Silk Road was largely fragmented, commodities carried by merchants of many countries on the Silk Road from present day China to present day Turkey. The interaction of these different cultures created a cultural diffusion that can be seen in the resulting names, tools, jewelry, luxuries and house wares that these different societies adopted. Silk was one of the most important items traded along the Silk Road. Once the Silk Road was open techniques of weaving the silken thread did not begin to spread because this material was similar to that used by cloth weavers.
I don’t think that the benefits of exploration outweighed its consequences. Even though exploring the New World was an excellent idea, there were consequences. The Columbian exchange brought food, animals, and new plants. Native Americans died from diseases and illness.