Reflections Paper: The Path Towards Fair and Impartial Administration of Justice: Exploring Historical Context and Progress in Criminal Justice Organizations
Korey G. Lewis, Sr.
Sun Jul 2, 2023
The criminal justice system has been persistently criticized for its disparities and inequalities, especially those relating to racial biases. These issues are entrenched in the historical context of justice administration, tracing back to politicization and profit-oriented practices. This paper delves into the evolution of criminal justice administration, assessing how leadership, organizational models, and theories can contribute to a more equitable justice system. The interconnectedness …show more content…
They are deeply rooted in societal power structures (Adams, 2014). The historical bias and disparities, notably racial, underscore these broader societal prejudices within justice organizations (Adams, 2014). The politicization of justice administration and its profit-oriented nature have contributed to these inequalities, necessitating a critical examination.
Justice organizations, akin to the societies they serve, can evolve, and improve. As society becomes more aware of systemic biases and injustices, a demand for more equitable justice administration arises. Change in these systems relies on understanding deeply entrenched dynamics and applying intentional corrective strategies.
Systems theory offers a framework for understanding the interconnectedness within justice organizations and larger societal structures (Adams & Brown, 2018). Understanding these interactions allows for identification of points for initiating positive change. The changes could include adopting inclusive organizational models, implementing community-oriented policing, fostering ethical leadership, and ensuring justice administration reflects societal diversity and …show more content…
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Bryan Stevenson negotiates the prejudice and intolerance within the criminal justice system, and the biases within based on economic and racial status. This book exposed myself to a deeper level of injustice inside our system than what I already had a conception of. Each story Bryan talks about hits on different subjects that opened my eyes to how our system truly treats minorities so coldly. Those of a different race, economic status, are treated far worse than we can imagine. Within the past few years racial injustices have began to gain more attention in the media, allowing awareness into the discrimination still present in our system.
In America, criminal justice has been an issue for generations. People are convicted of crimes and their convictions are oftentimes based on their race and/or social status. Unfortunately, it is a reality that the criminal justice system privileges those who are “rich and guilty rather than if they are poor and innocent. Many African American men and women have suffered due to this. In the book Just Mercy and the movie 13th, both sources give great examples of how the criminal justice system continues to overlook the truth to keep black Americans incarcerated.
In examining the book's theses, it is important to consider the historical context in which the criminal justice system has been shaped. For example, the War on Drugs was initiated at a time when the country was struggling with issues related to urbanization, job loss, and increased poverty. This provided an opportunity for politicians to create a scapegoat out of people of color, who were disproportionately affected by these
Kamalu, Ngozi Caleb, Margery Coulson-Clark, and Nkechi Margaret Kamalu. " Racial Disparities in Sentencing: Implications for the Criminal Justice System and the African American Community." African Journal of Criminology and Justice Studies: AJCJS 4.1 (2010): 1-31. ProQuest.
African Americans are more likely to be arrested, convicted, and sentenced to harsher penalties compared to their white counterparts for similar offenses. The over-policing of African American communities, racial profiling, and biased sentencing practices contribute to the lack of opportunities and a cycle of incarceration. Reforming the criminal justice system by addressing racial bias, implementing alternatives to incarceration, and focusing on rehabilitation can help create a more equitable society and provide opportunities for individuals to reintegrate successfully into their
Members of the judicial system, such as judges and lawyers, play a crucial role in addressing the issue. Lawyers provide legal counsel and representation to their clients, including those accused of crimes, and can work to ensure that their clients receive fair treatment within the criminal justice system. Judges, on their part, are responsible for making sentencing decisions and have the power to address disparities in sentencing. This understanding can help us to identify the root causes of the problem and develop effective strategies to address it. For example, by recognizing the impact of systemic racial inequalities on sentencing decisions, we can work towards implementing reforms within the criminal justice system to ensure that all individuals are treated fairly and justly.
There is an ongoing problem of marginalization and discrimination of African Americans in the criminal justice system, rooted in racist attitudes and prejudices inherited
The criminal justice system is a complex and challenging system to reform. As S Liu and TC Halliday point out in their 2009 article in Law & Social Inquiry, the criminal justice system has many components that must interact for reform to be successful. These components include the police, the courts, the prosecutors, and the corrections system. In addition, the criminal justice system is influenced by the surrounding politics and
Abstract This argumentative essay addresses the research question, "What are the root causes of racial disparities in the criminal justice system, and what policy solutions have been proposed to address them?", it explores the root causes of racial disparities in the criminal justice system in the United States and the policy solutions that have been proposed to address them. The essay argues that systemic racism and implicit bias are the primary causes of racial disparities within the criminal justice system. Systemic racism is evident in racial profiling, discriminatory sentencing, and over-policing of communities of color. Implicit bias influences decision-making by police officers, judges, and juries, leading to more punitive decisions
Racial Disparities in the American Criminal Justice System Introduction The United States criminal justice system is the largest in the world. In 2015, there were more than 6.7 million people under some form of correctional control within the United States, including 2.2 million incarcerated in federal, state, or local prisons and jails. By being the world leader in incarceration rates, the United States eclipses the rate of any other nation. These statistics from “The Sentencing Project” emphasize the significance of mass incarceration in America and the racial inequality that takes form in its criminal justice system.
Unfortunately, the most popular form of discrimination these days in racial bias in the justice system and police brutality. Based on the United States Bureau of Justice, “Despite a seemingly smaller “footprint” of police interactions in the community that year  — fewer people came into contact with police overall — those interactions were still too often racially discriminatory and too often involved improper or harmful conduct.” Indicated in the study as well, “Black people were also nearly 12 times more likely than white people to report that their most recent police contact involved misconduct, such as using racial slurs or otherwise exhibiting bias.” This study shows that although the Civil Rights Movement positively impacted society, that impact was still not enough to get rid of the prejudice ingrained within the system. The Civil Rights Movement was able to bury the bigotry and intolerance of the United States government, but never fully unroot
Introduction Theoretical assumptions about diversity and contact theory inform the view that a more ethnically diverse criminal justice system will reveal a broader range of voices that can shape and influence policy and attitudinal changes for the better. The focal point of this essay is on the law enforcement branch of the criminal justice system. It makes the argument that diversity in the police force can help reduce levels of racial and ethnic bias as well as disproportionality to the extent that diversity is able to change or influence the occupational and institutional structures that create these disproportionalities. To make this claim, this essay will first show that there are indeed disproportionate outcomes in policing and attempt
Buzzy, G. (2011). Presentation: Criminal Justice Introduction. Lynchburg, VA, USA. Cassidy, R. M. (2015). Promoting Diversity in the Criminal Justice System. Boston Bar Journal:Spring 2015 Vol.
In the criminal justice system, the corrections component is also responsible for the rehabilitation of the convicted individual. It is their duty to attempt to make the defendant a productive member of society once again. Based on the individual’s behavior while incarcerated, the court and corrections officials may decide to place them on parole, which ensures that the individual will comply with the rules of society once they are fully released from the system. The criminal justice system is an essential role in the organizational structure of not only the United States but also in countries around the world. If there were no criminal justice system to administer punishment, the world would be unstructured, disorganized, unjustified, cruel, and not to mention a chaotic place for it citizens.