Even though the Sun King never shows up in the play, the King’s officer does not arrest Orgon for treason, as Tartuffe was expecting. On the contrary, he takes the responsibility to arrest Tartuffe by acting as Louis XIV’s mouthpiece, Our monarch–to resolve you in a word Detesting his ingratitude and baseness, Added this horror to his other crimes, And sent me hither under his direction To see his insolence out—top itself, And force him then to give you satisfaction. ( Tartuffe, 5.7. 68-73 ) Louis XIV comes out to be a key figure in Tartuffe because he sets things right, thus giving a happy note to the play. Indeed, The surprising conclusion of Tartuffe is solely due to the King’s intervention.
During the moments where Tartuffe reveals his true intentions, he retains his religious rhetoric. Tartuffe does this when he intends to be involved with Elmire, when he does not allow Damis to return, when he brings the household under his ownership, and finally when Tartuffe attempts to have Orgon arrested. In each of these scenarios, Tartuffe defends his actions with his religious speak even after his mask of being a simple, pious beggar was ripped away. For example, when Tartuffe threatens the family with his newfound mastery of the estate, he mentions how he would punish them for attempting to kick him out, and how he had a way “of avenging [the] affront to Heaven” in order to cause the family regret trying to get him to leave (77). As Tartuffe comes closer to nearly conning the family, he becomes more unrestrained and acts invincible as though he got away with his plan before its completion.
In fact, Mariane is really unhappy over the marriage to Tartuffe proposed by her father. She directly does not reject because she is afraid, even though deep inside her heart she wants to, but her only action at the time is to fall at her father’s feet and beg him to change his mind, and let her marry the man she was promised to and loves. In addition, Tartuffe's appearance is almost destroyed by the son of Orgon, Damis, he doesn't realize Damis is hiding while he is confessing his love for Elmire, the wife of Orgon. But lucky for Tartuffe, Orgon doesn't believe his son, not only that it yells at him but Orgon also voids all of Damis' birthright and gives it to Tartuffe. However, as the play progresses, Orgon's view of Tartuffe changes after refusing to see the fact that Tartuffe is a hypocrite and won't believe it until he sees it with his own eyes near the end of the play.
His tribes gods are manifestations of the earth and seasons and nature. Okonkwo gained his wealth by farming crops his entire life. To the Umuofia clan, respecting the gods that help with weather and rain is highly important since it is how they survive. Without their beliefs they wouldn't take care of their “home” as well as they do and Okonkwo wouldn't have turned into the man the reader sees in this novel. When the white missionaries come to their clan and try and change their belief system Okonkwo is enraged.
It is clear that even though men in the Igbo society beat women and discriminate them in other major ways, women still own very important roles, such as caretakers of their crops, educators and story tellers for their children. They also function as spiritual leaders and carry out other very important role in the Ibo society. Therefore it is incorrect to call women weak, one of the examples of powerful women in the Igbo village is found in the role they play in the Igbo religion. The women routinely perform the role of priestess. The narrator recalls that during Okonkwo’s boyhood, “the priestess in those days was a woman called Chika.
Representation of Igbo Culture in Things Fall Apart The word culture means people's life style and the way they perform certain things. Various groups of people can have various cultures. Culture is transferred to the next generation by the process of learning whereas biological characteristics are passed on by heredity. In a specific society, every culture is a combination of positive and negative elements. In which way these contrary aspects of Igbo culture have been presented by Achebe in his novel "Things Fall Apart?"
Have you ever read a novel about African cultures and traditions from African point of view? The novel Things Fall Apart, a tragedy by Chinua Achebe, centers on one tragic hero in Igbo village of Umuofia in Nigeria and the effects of European arrival on his life and Igbo clan. Throughout the novel, Achebe introduces Igbo customs to the reader by creating several occurrences and how they react on them to claim that the Igbo is civilized before the Europeans arrive. The significant difference between Igbo and Western cultures is the way wisdom is passed on: Igbo oral traditions transmit values and knowledge orally by allegorical tales, while Western literary traditions educate people through generations by written texts, just like the novel itself.
There are constant struggles between gender, identity and class. Among the men and women in many African tribes that still exist today, there are differences, which will always remain intact because of the culture and the way in which they are taught to treat each other. Chinua Achebe wrote the novel, Things Fall Apart, which is a great piece of African literature that deals with the Igbo culture, history, and the taking over of African lands by British colonization. The ongoing gender conflict is a prominent theme in Things Fall Apart presenting the clash between men and women of the African Igbo society. Throughout history, from the beginning of time to today, women have frequently been viewed as inferior; men’s possessions whose sole purpose was to satisfy the men’s needs.
There were more risks of them being harmed inside the house rather than outside. As per Biggs Brough (2005), The role of the family is to provide a sense of security to its members but recent researches has shown that women faces more conflicts at home. Many researches showed that gender differences is still dominating to a large extent due to societal changes that has been occurring in the role of men and women in the family which led to family and work conflict. According to Johnson and Ferraro (2000), domestic violence in the family caused a massive impact on the family life. Family is seen more as a threat to women in the modern societies.
Father as The Guru of Life According to Silverstein (1996), historically father have been responsible not only for the economic support of the family but also for child religious, moral and vocational training as well. The same narrative was echoed at Best Life Indonesia’s discourse of fatherhood. Teaching the values and the principal of life, being child’s role model, passing down the philosophical meaning of life were father’s tasks in raising his child. The article Father as The Child’s Teacher of Life (Estri, 2012) told the story about father as a wise figure that each of his words was reliable. Since father’s words were based on his life experience as the head of the family, a husband for his wife and a father for his children.