Historically, women and men had to represent different tasks in the society. Due to this fact this fix roles are still anchored in the society. Men were mainly responsible for the financial livelihood and women for the households and family. These traditional roles shaped the gender stereotypes of women and men (Glick, P., Fiske, S., 2001, p 124). The research of the last decades on this topic is showing that the properties, which are attributed to both genders, can be assigned in two categories.
GENDER INEQUALITY AT WORK PLACE Introduction: Gender Stereotypes: Gender is often attributed with different characteristics and as a consequence, society expects different behaviours from different genders. Society imposes certain kind of roles on people based on their gender and expects them to stick by it. These prejudices and conventional ideas that have been formed regarding the social roles of an individual based on their gender, is also termed as gender stereotype. Gender stereotypes are prescriptive as well as proscriptive in nature. Prescriptive as in, how men and women should behave, like agentic attributes are prescribed for men, while communal attributes are prescribed for women.
Patriarchy system is a hierarchy system political, cultural and economic structure are controlled by men. While the opposite is a matriarchy, a hierarchy system that women rules the world. From this two concept, our culture had automatically set what men and women should do. These have led to gender inequality, stereotyping and so on issues.
They exist on their own but additionally, they influence each other. The environment and people that surround a person can also influence who these people end up being. These issues are major topics in “The Return of Martin Guerre” and the story of Bertrande. Gender roles are something that people in today’s society struggle with greatly. There are so many people who are constantly trying to break gender roles or to have them heavily enforced.
Mikaella Spyrides Persuasive Essay Mrs. Gutierrez 3/6/18 Changing Common Gender Stereotypes for Women’s Rights In the United States, just like in many other places, gender relationships are changing and the inequalities between men and women are going from being outright to being mental. Gender inequalities happen at work, at home, and in public affairs. But the cold, hard facts show that gender separations and inequalities continue, even during the movements and parades that have attempted to challenge and change women’s rights. Why is the world like this? Why are gender inequalities so hard to overcome?
A lot of studies have been done in order to know and document the social differences between both genders women and men. "This theory about gender does imply that gender differences are flexible, because they are dependent on the immediate social role of individuals. For example, individuals occupy many roles simultaneously, all of which impinge on their behavior. Work roles, such as leadership positions for instance, might override their gender roles and reduce gender differences" - Eagly & Johnson, 1990. One of the aspects that have been studied is the amount of talking between women and men.
This theory explains how people experience their gender. When society ties certain traits to a gender, such as a woman being emotional or as a man being tough and masculine, they are more likely to play out those roles. Men are seen as the stronger individuals of the society, than women. This idea that men are superior is shown everyday through personal behavior, language and use of space. Without recognizing it, gender has control over the way we behave.
But first, its better to find out about its roots first. Uzochukw ( 2017 ) mentioned that there are 5 main causes of gender inequality namely culture and tradition, religion, lack of empowerment, mentality, and lack of proper education. Culture and tradition. Culture can basically be characterized as the lifestyle of a specific culture or ethnic group, and tradition is the custom or belief of a general public. In many countries, men are supposedly the ones who are capable of ruling and leading a certain country or community because it is what they are ideally seen as.
(Longwe, 2002). There is a common accession that gender inequality results from socially formed perceptions and expectations of males and females as belonging to the two different biological sexes (Meinzen-Dick, 2011; UN Women and OHCHR, 2013). These perceptions have largely outlined and comprised the respective statuses of males and females, defining their roles, opportunities and privileges in society. These Societal rules, roles, expectations and privileges are set and upheld by men and internalized by women through socialization. The extent of the situation is such that men determine who owns what and who uses what in the society.
Introduction In India, discriminatory attitude towards men and women have existed for generations and thus it affect the lives of both genders. Although the constitution of India has granted men and women equal rights, but gender gap still remains. Female discrimination violates human rights. These are mostly seen in family land sharing among sisters and brothers. Women are perceived to be disadvantaged at work.