Throughout the examples of sexism toward men, he is trying to prove for the readers his point , in which I agree with, which is the gender discrimination against men is as much important as it is not obvious. People’s apathy and lack of interest about men sexism stimulate Berlatsky to describe men’s injustice situations. Noah Berlatsky edits this article from a book and this reflects his personality as an educated person and likes to look at the issues from another perspective. What I realized that Berlatsky is being biased against women accomplishment in the prevalence of women discrimination controversy. Thus, he fires up men feelings in order to demand for a fair treatment when he says “If men can learn from them, it will be everyone’s benefit.” However, Berlatsky brings about change when he discusses men sexism issue which is an incurious discourse in our daily basis.
Chapter 3 – Male Masculinity in Indian Mythology, Literature and Mainstream Media Feminists believe that it is the early stages of a child’s social and biological development that can plays an important key factor in imposing and creating set assigned gender roles to young boys and girls. From the beginning, birth, children are attacked from all directions for society and its gender regulations. For example, Literature, for one, paints the image of the girl as a woman and of a boy as a man, with different set assigned roles. The way in which gender is depicted and illustrated in young children's books moulds the image that a child would like to and perceives as ideal and creates for his or her own role in society. The word masculinity can be defined
Hi Dr. Cohen, In our society, dichotomy is a way to separate people, gender, ethnicity etc. According to an article from Sociology in Focus, our society tries to separate us in-group and our society believes our gender is a natural way to define someone. For example, our society automatically defines boys as their appearance as masculine or girls are feminine. However, it is not like that at all. Some boys do not have a masculine appearance and women can have a masculine appearance and women can be masculine as well.
They help in shaping their attitudes, behavior and basic skills such as walking, sitting, talking and other gestures. They willingly or unintentionally happen to reinforce sexual stereotypes. However, being the primary example for a baby, parents are responsible for the upbringing of a child and the ideas that he forms about
His eyes were so shifting, so leering and slippery; the slight cast made one unsure of the direction of his gaze” (Carter, 1967, p. 54). Constructing female identity in light of the male gaze prevents them of forming their real identities and marginalizes female to a sexual tool that satisfying male; Beauvoir argues that the social and cultural norms, which support males, allow female constructing only their stereotypical gender representations; female are expected to belong to male, “she is nothing other than what man decides, she is this called the other"(, 1949, p. 26). Melanie, who is inquisitive about having sexual relationship, turns to change her mind; she recognizes that this experience seems to prevent her from establishing her real gender identity. The sexual relationship that male and female seek reveals the sexual dependent of male and female, which affects the process of gender identity formation and prevents individuals of having an authentic gender
And they start to prepare its arrival depending on which sex the baby is. The article questions the audience, “Does knowing all this makes a difference on how the parents treat the child?” Scientists are concerned about when and how do the children start to act according to their gender. The late 1960’s to 1970’s had been a turning point for the gender identification. For example, during this time period, women got the right to go out and work. The article states that, “Chronologically, another important contribution was Maccoby and Jacklin’s (1974) book, The Psychology of Sex Differences.
In my opinion, process of raising child and effects of culture are determinant in sharing the roles other than biological factors which are not able to directly influence the gender development in human-beings. Even before the birth, both females and males have a strong connection with their mothers. They begin to learn new things from their mothers since the day they open their eyes to the world. Therefore, mother’s behaviors towards their children play a crucial role to shape child’s interests and acts. Dewey (1995) claims that men’s being more dominant and aggressive than women are not directly connected with biology.
The Lacanian concepts proceeds to view that castration be made for both the male and female as neither can possess it. However, Deridian explanations views that Males consider the penis as the phallus, and hence consider the females as castrated, since they are devoid of them. however, this inequality has been built on the concepts of castration anxiety suffered by males, which can be termed as the fear of the loss of the penis, and that is formed by the denial of the man’s own shortcomings to the phallic Law. In terms of Freudian concept, where the phallic desires are rooted to and from an infantile stage, “Femininity” has been described as “the little girl is a little man” (Freud, 1933) . The implication here is that feminization itself starts as a process due to the Oedipal complex, and the woman shares a masculine libido with the man, which fails to separate her from the man.
In the beginning, the genders are much the same. Yet, boys in preschool often assign roles to playmates, while girls tend to inquire which role their playmate wants to take on (Gleason & Ely, 2002, p. 139; Sachs, 1987). However, in early adolescence basic differences begin to emerge, as they learn social behavior from their environment. As Blair´s (2000) observed in her study on intermediate adolescents, they mostly mixed in segregated groups “often mimicking and mocking the other gender” (p. 316). This demonstrates that, not only does the linguistic environment of their home environment influence their behavior, but most importantly, their peer socialization also has major effects on their attitudes (Gleason, 2005, p.
From birth, children are socialized into the stereotypical roles that are linked to their specific biological sex. Studies have shown that the awareness of gender roles have already been perceived by the age of 2 or 3 and deeply embedded by the age of 4 or 5 years. It has also been found that children distinguish these differences in toys and will only play with the “gender appropriate toy” whether there is a cross-gender toy selection due to the positive or negative feedback given by the parents. These perceived notions continue into adulthood where there is a lot more men found in professions such as law enforcement, politics, and military whereas females are mainly found in social work, hospitals, and childcare. This adherence to gender specific roles is evident of the fulfillment of society expectations but not a true reflection of personal preference.