While some, like Plato in his The Republic, thought it weak to give government into the hands of the common people, Pericles countered this argument with a compelling argument of greatness. By putting government into the hands of the people, the people are united and more devoted to their country. Democracy bonds the people together in a way that no other government can understand. Pericles confidently states, “Athenians advance unsupported into the territory of a neighbor, and fighting upon a foreign soil usually vanquish with ease men who are defending their homes.” This, Pericles claims, is the might of democracy; the strength and excellence of many people rather than just that of a
Before the rise of the classical Greek culture, it is known that two related civilizations preceded Hellenic Greece: the Minoan and Mycenaean (was also known as the early Aegean civilizations). The Minoan or Cretan were the oldest non-Greek civilization that had an influence on mainland Greece. The Minoan society lasted about 1,350 years, from 2600-1250 B.C., and reached its peak during the period from 1700 to 1450 B.C. The center of Minoan civilization had brilliant palaces as evident by the kings wealth and power. Inside the palaces, there were workshops that produced daggers, pottery, and decorated silver vessels.
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, is also known as the Temple of Diana and also known as the Artemesium ,the ancient temple, constructed around 650 BC to the cult of Artemis, was built on a site already sacred to the Anatolian Mother Goddess, Cybele. The temple was financed by the wealthy king of Lydia and marshy ground was chosen for the building site as a precaution against future earthquakes and seismic tremors. it is located in Ephesus witch is turkey now , Antipater of Sidon included it on his authoritative rundown of landmarks and of monuments, partly because of its size and grandeur, but also because of its location .the temple soon attracted merchants, lords, and tourists , a considerable lot of donated jewelery and other treasures to Artemis and her temple. Its splendor also attracted many worshippers and travelers, strengthening the cult of Artemis. Its location on the rim of the Greek world helped to provoke admiration to non-Greeks of the boundlessness of the Greek world .It has been implicit the territories of Ephesus on a level range which has through the hundreds of years transformed into a swamp.
Alexander the great’s military organization from the passages was very diverse and one nation did not get along with the with other nations within the army, Alexander uses the military structure to unite by placing foreign soldiers in army formations with the Greek soldiers, Alexander tried to change the relationship between the Greeks and the Persians by having a big feasts, sharing drinks, and singing with one another. What can we learn about Alexander the Great’s military organization? Alexander’s military organization was very mitch matched in the sense that when he conquered a new nation he would simply add the members of that nation's army to his own, this caused many of the soldiers to become enraged with Alexander. The
The gods play a big part within The Odyssey to a point where they interact with the characters were they can aide or hinder them. Athena plays an important role within the first couple of books in The Odyssey. Athena goes to Ithica while disguised as one of Telemachus’ father’s old friends named Mentes. As Mentes, she tells Telemachus to get rid of the people from his father’s land and to ask of his father’s whereabouts in Sparta. Why does Athena approach Telemachus disguised?
It highlights the history of Greece from 479 B.C. when the Persians were defeated through the Hellenistic period of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C. Along with the history of that period the essay gives information on the different art forms and the artists responsible for them. It explains how some of the art was lost but is still visible through ancient literature and marble copies. The chronological order followed in the essay helps us put the progression of Greek art in a perspective and introduces us to several famous Greek artists.
Some events in human history cannot be linked to a common sense whatsoever. Historians often cannot answer why something was ought to begin in the first place. Great example will be one of those occasions when a couple of Greek city/states consolidated and crushed the attack power of the gigantic Persian Empire. The Greeks could win the Greco-Persian War due to their maritime triumphs over the Persians, a couple of key triumphs ashore, and the reason for which they were battling. The maritime triumphs were the most essential commitment to the general accomplishment against the Persians.
From hence it happens, that the Romans, though at first defeated, are always able to renew the war; […].” After Carthage Rome’s hunger for new lands was nearly insatiable, this perhaps was brought about by the very act of the long war with the Carthaginians. Changes were in store for Rome due to their now very war-like attitude. Changes in senate policy along with social order would reorganize Rome for the foreseeable future. Consuls and tribunes held positions in the senate, both of whom were strongly linked to the army therefore the senate would ultimately control the Roman army. “[…] the tribunes alone […] are subject to them, and bound to obey their commands.” Rome’s foreign policy lay with the senate and their military arm.
Caesar’s expedition in Gaul did indeed contribute to this buildup of tensions, as he gained vast amounts of wealth, influence and power. However, this was not the only factor involved. The previous instability within the Republic, including the opposition to Caesar in the senate and the volatility of the alliance between Pompey and Caesar, also contributed to the tensions building up. While Stevenson and Caesar himself blame the Optimates for the buildup to the war, Pompey ultimately made the decision to break the alliance and hence shares the blame for the split as well. Crassus death also served as a pivotal point in the breakup, as a sense of rivalry developed between Pompey and Caesar as their power and influence further increased.
Athens introduced democracy, while single city states instead of larger regions were being governed. Also, this was the time when the first Greek coins were created. Along with these, this period also saw the establishment of the iconic pottery and sculpture ancient Greece is known for ____________________________________________ Since a large part of Greece is located on islands and coastline, Greece was a water based civilization from the beginning, and in 725 BC, they started to create a strong water- based military. During the Persian War, it was the navy that gave them the desicive advantage, it helped them defeat the Persians. The formation of Greek city states began with the Mycenaean civilization.
Warfare played a major role in the history of ancient Greece. Wars and skirmishes between rival city-states, Greek leagues and empires, and foreign threats such as Persia greatly shaped the way the ancient Greeks conducted warfare and politics, also greatly influencing the way modern scholars view the history of Greece. Hoplites were the mainstay of ancient Greek armies for several centuries and the way they fought characterised many of the Greek city-states throughout their history. This essay aims to outline the way the hoplites of Classical Athens fought, and how these modes of combat fit in with the prevailing Athenian attitude of andreia, or manly courage. Evidence from ancient and modern sources will be used to evaluate the way hoplites
By the middle of the 5th century B.C. Athens and Sparta, the two most powerful Greek city-states, found themselves on the brink of a full-scale war. According to Thucydides, at the beginning of the war both Athens and Sparta were at the pick of their might and flourishing and could trade and cooperate to each other’s benefit; instead, they got involved into an armed confrontation, in which the rest of the Greek cities participated, on one side or on the other. The growing military and financial power of Athens as well as its policy of forcing smaller city-states to join its Delian League was shifting the prevalent balance of power in Hellas and raising anxiety among Spartans, their allies and neutral cities. Sparta’s decision to get involved
As member of the Assembly and also of the Athenian navy, I would like to point out all of the cons that this reform will bring to us if passed. Athens has been a republic with ambition, that ambition did get us to the top, but now, in current time that same ambition has brought us down to our knees. We have exceeded on our ambition to power, therefore we have to learn form our own mistakes and as an assembly, make the decision whether or not to rebuilt these longs walls. If the Spartans destroyed our walls once how can we assure that this wont happen again? By making the walls bigger?
A City of Strength or Intellect? In Ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta are two well-known names, back then and now. These two city-states were at war for quite a long time, which showed how different they were. Personal rights, education, and government were some of the things that were quite different. Different negatives and positives would come from living in either city, so I’ll be telling you why I’d rather live in Sparta.