After years of movements and protests the participants in the Civil Rights Movement were finally rewarded for their hard work when the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was made. African Americans were not allowed to be kicked out of buildings or jobs deemed for whites only after the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Stewart et.al.). Discrimination towards African Americans was finally coming to a close with this new law’s passage.The 1964 Civil Rights Act made sure that voting regulations allowing African Americans to vote were enforced worldwide (Stewart et. al.). This was a major success and step forward for the movement as a whole because many African Americans had been fighting for voting rights for quite some time.
African Americans still had a struggle even when the war ended until they had equal rights. In the 1900 's schools businesses local streets and restrooms the blacks were classified as second class citizens. In 1909 a group of prominent black and white people created a group called the national association for the advancement colored people their was to increase racial equality. In 1955 a school opened were blacks and whites could go together; causes peaceful marches and protest. Around 1952 universities allowed blacks, but still had violence against them.
Here he became a sports broadcaster and gained a lot of local popularity and with this popularity he decided to use it to get himself into politics (Trueman). Connor was elected to the Alabama legislature and three years late became Commissioner of Public Safety in Birmingham. Connor gained a reputation of being very outspoken particularly on segregation and this garnered him even more support especially in a city where segregation was greatly enforced. In 1963 Martin Luther King had organized a civil rights march in Birmingham which had a great deal of racial tension. Connor felt King was challenging his authority and many of the people that demonstrated and participated in the march were faced with high pressure hoses and police dogs.
With strong support from French workers, it seized Paris and other cities and declined the government next year. “Prague Spring” was the protest that took place in Czechoslovakia where students wanted greater democracy. Post war baby boom affected all nations as new generation attended colleges and universities and created power of youths. Also power of global media transmitting live news was introduced in 1960. This technology helped to connect students conducting protest all over world.
The fight for equal opportunity for Americans of African made advances during the 1950 's and 1960 's.The rights have not come easily as there was much hate and maltreatment by many whites Americans. With the triumph of the Montgomery boycott, Black leaders started a new path for the struggle for Civil Rights. In January of 1957, southern African American ministers met and formed the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). Reverend Martin Luther King was the first president of the society. After conferring with the NAACP, a verdict was made to march on Washington to point out the struggle for Blacks during this time.
Martin Luther King Imagine if you were an African American during 1963 a time when Martin Luther King was doing his protests, would you support Martin Luther or go to violence? Martin Luther was an inspiration in many ways. He put the Civil Rights Movement into motion and initiated action for equality among different races.. Martin Luther King did many non-violent marches and protests against the black laws. He inspired other Negroes or black people to stand up to the color laws. He inspired others to do multiple boycotts.
People always want to demand their essential rights from government’s restriction by passing new laws. There was a period when people demanded their rights in the 1900s. Within the United States, most African Americans’ rights were denied by state governments. Hence, in the 1960s, they took a stand on requiring their rights through the Civil Rights movement around the country. During this movement, the Voting Rights Act was significant and for the reason is that this act gave African Americans a chance to participate in US politics by their votes.
The final time and way the Black Church helped gain equality and destroy racism was through serving as an organizational place, essentially a base of operations for the Civil Rights Movement (The Black). The Black Church played a pivotal role in the protests and marches of the Civil Rights Movement. Whether in basements or crowded offices the churches made plans for many boycotts and other protesting actions (Mellowes). They helped organize carpools during the Alabama bus boycott and the auxiliaries of Siloam Presbyterian Church in Brooklyn helped schedule who and which people would be protesting the Brooklyn worksite each day (Taylor). Not only did these churches directly help the Movement most of the ministers at the time were huge leaders of the Civil Rights Movement.
Poll taxes targeted the poor especially African Americans in the way of ineligibility to vote. At one point they were declared constitutional to the Supreme Court but brought much attention on the subject. But through hard work of many people thought the United States especially Governor Price of Virginia; men and women alike were able to convince the government of the poll taxed correction. This led to its demise in 1964 after the passing of the twenty-fourth amendment. Thus leading to future laws and rights being passed benefitting the voting system of all
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee was a fiercely independent organization full of young black college students, emerging originally through involvement in the 1961 Freedom Rides and eventually culminating in a focus on Mississippi as a location of change. SNCC’s involvement in Mississippi during the 1964 Freedom Summer caused members to witness horrible, senseless acts of violence towards activists. As a result, many SNCC members questioned the validity of the organization’s stance towards nonviolence, arguing in favor of self-defense. This sparked increasingly bitter ideological debates within SNCC that eventually split the organization and subsequently the entire civil rights movement into separate factions. Starting out in the
The social and cultural movements of the 1960s began to upset the traditional “norms” of gender constructs, family and social structures, racial biases, and portrayals of white suburbia that existed in the 1950s. In February 1960 black college students in Greensboro, North Carolina sat in on a “white’s only” lunch counter, as similar sit-ins began to happen in other southern cities as well. In 1961 the Freedom Rides which supported integration in transportation, began taking place on buses. In August 1963, men and women gathered in Washington DC for a “March on Washington” where they called for freedom, justice and equality, and expressed concerns over minimum wage and unemployment. In the mid-1960s when the new focus of the civil rights movement was about black power, there were other groups out there that were not happy with the other reforms that were already in place.
In this documentary about the Civil Rights Movement it shows actual footage of the struggles that African Americans went through to gain equal rights. In the documentary it shows various monumental moments throughout the movement, such as the sit ins that began in 1960, also the freedom rides that started in 1961, or the violence in both Birmingham and Selma. In all of these movements there are grave injustices with innocent people being attacked, beaten, and even killed. One of the first major movements of the Civil Rights Movement was the sit ins that started before the movement started. The first known sit in started in 1939 in New York.
Eventually,Sit-ins , swim-ins, kneel-ins, drive-ins,and study-ins was the aftermath. “In the turbulent decade and a half that followed,Civic Rights activists used nonviolent protest and civil disobedience to bring about change.” - Eric Foner and john A. Garraty. Big groups used the ins to get attention from all over the country. Using cameras helped the idea and aware what was happening to african americans. The actions made people from all over to support.
Civil Rights Movement The Civil rights movement was a movement that was brought on by unfair conditions, Jim Crow, affecting the lives of a whole race of people. It was now time to claim democratic rights. The historical events that created the conditions of the Civil Rights Movement, major events involving the legislature, and nonviolent civil disobedience were all major contributions to the rise of the Civil Rights Movement. Martin Luther King Jr. grew into leadership and went on to lead many non-violent demonstrations. The Civil Rights Movement had a strategy implemented to cause nonviolent distress to the community and the world, and to not allow the oppressor to continue to demean the black stride in America.