The African American Civil Rights movement existed at large between the early fifties and the late sixties in a society that was constantly on the verge of social destruction. The black rights movement existed politically, socially, and economically everywhere in the United States. As time progressed the movement developed and saw many changes along with schisms separating activists and how they approached getting their rights. In the early fifties there was a large non-violent integration based movement spearheaded by figures such as Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks. However, as the time progressed, the movement started seeing a more aggressive leadership with figures such as Malcolm X, but eventually it turned into an extremist movement …show more content…
Malcolm X and his ideals are arguably a representation of the transition from the early 1950 's non-violent movement for integration to a more aggressive black power movement. Evidence of this is shown through powerful strands of his novel “The Ballot or the Bullet” including when he writes, “I don 't mean go out and get violent, but at the same time you should never be non-violent unless you run into some non-violence.” (Malcolm 439). In writing that members of the civil rights movement should never be non-violent he does so facetiously. This excerpt indicates a call for violence as a more powerful method for achieving the equality he feels they deserve. The element of time is referenced by X as justification for the violence, this is evident when he says, “Civil Rights, for those of us whose philosophy is Black nationalism means: 'Give it to us now. Don’t wait for next year. Give it to us yesterday, and that’s not fast enough. '”(Malcolm, 439). Already his tone is more aggressive than the early integrationists who birthed the movement. Malcolm has more justification for the black rights movement than just arguing about the variable of time, he also states that without African Americans the United States wouldn 't have its riches or status. This is all based on the idea that without slavery and generations of black workers, America would never have evolved into the prosperous
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During the 1960’s, the Civil Rights Movement was a big topic and controversy with all of the United States. It was quite clear that African Americans did not get treated the same way that whites did. It had been ruled that it was constitutional to be “separate but equal”, but African Americans always had less than the whites did. For example, the schools that they had were run down, and had very little classrooms, books, and buses. Martin Luther King had a large role in the Civil Rights Movement, as did Malcolm X, and others.
The Civil Rights Movement was a battle that lasted for 14 years from 1954 through 1968. Bryant and his half brother, Milam’s, decision to kill Emmett Till accidently helped people realize just how badly blacks were treated. In addition this sparked the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement. The civil rights movement was a movement to secure African Americans rights of U.S. citizenship. EMMETT TILL’S EARLY LIFE
The Civil Rights Movement inspired racial harmony between blacks and whites in America. The Movement was led by many leaders and activists. Some of the biggest leaders/activists were Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X. They both had different philosophies on how to earn freedom and civil rights. The big question is whose philosophy was better in the 1960s. Martin Luther King believed that blacks and whites should join together as one country, but the only way to achieve that was through nonviolence.
Mamiya, Lawrence A. “Malcolm X.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 17 Feb. 2023, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Malcolm-X. Marable, Manning. “Manning Marable's 'Reinvention' of Malcolm X.” NPR, NPR, 5 Apr. 2011, https://www.npr.org/2011/04/05/135144230/manning-marables-reinvention-of-malcolm-x. Media, American Public. “American Radioworks - Say It Plain, Say It Loud.” APM Reports - Investigations and Documentaries from American Public Media, http://americanradioworks.publicradio.org/features/blackspeech/mx.html.
Malcolm X, known for his “activist and out spoken public voice” was an African American leader that dedicated his life to the Nation of Islam who followed Alijah Muhammad and his teachings. Growing up with 6 siblings “Malcolm was the son of a Baptist preacher Earl Little who was a follower of Marcus Garvey”. The Racism and hatred Malcolm 's parents went through was terrifying . Malcolm recalls having to move repetitious times due to white mobs "Brandishing their shotguns and rifles, they shouted for my father to come out.” as well the time in 1929 after their second move when “a racist mob set their house on fire, and the town 's all-white emergency responders refused to do anything.”.
During this time period white supremacists tried to put an end to the civil rights movement through crimes such as murder that frequently went unpunished. In the interview Malcom X stresses the importance of vigorous self defense, “That in areas of this country where the government has proven its--either its inability or its unwillingness to protect the lives and property of our people, then it’s only fair to expect us to do whatever is necessary to protect ourselves,” (Malcolm X). In this interview, Malcolm X has a very serious tone, and it is clear that he is devoted to his work in activism. Malcolm X is urging people with his tone to protect themselves. Racial discrimination towards African Americans is prevalent and Blacks should protect themselves no matter what.
As Harrop Freeman, a Professor of Law with over three different degrees from Cornell, said, “On the one side of the balance is the long history of Negro non-violence and a strong pacifist leadership; on the negative side is the poverty, injustice, police and civilian brutality of the section in which the Negro is brought up. I hope for this great period of change to be achieved non-violently. But I cannot escape the very real chance of non-violence escalating into violence and the necessity of society being understanding and tolerant.” While it is not absolutely negative, this example shows that there is a negative side to peaceful
(Mamiya 1). He spread the idea that only a violent revolution would bring change and equality for black Americans. “You don't have a peaceful revolution. You don't have a turn-the-cheek revolution. There's no such thing as a nonviolent revolution,” he said (“Malcolm X Biography” 1).
Violent vs Nonviolent Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr. Whose philosophy made the most sense for America in the 1960s? The Civil Rights Movement began during the 1950s and ended in 1960. The entire reason why this movement was happening is because although the slaves had been free a while ago, they were not given the same rights as white people had and on top of that they were being violently beaten up to death if not sent to the hospital.
Introduction: Malcom X urges the Negro community to fight to gain the equal rights they deserve by taking action against their white oppressors. He emphasizes that blacks will gain their rights either thorough voting, with the ballot, or else through the inevitable violence with the bullet. Thesis [part a] Like Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., also fighting for the civil rights of black Americans in the 1960s, but in a more peaceful manner, Malcom X takes a different approach.
Martin Luther King’s views helped create a better environment for every race and I really think his political views and strategies were more efficient than Malcolm
Malcolm x informs other African American about how their culture had been stripped by whites and how they created and inspired
Introduction The story of the Civil Rights Movements of African Americans in America is an important story that many people knew, especially because of the leadership Martin Luther King Jr. Black people in America, between 1945 and 1970 had to fight for rights because they had been segregated by white people, they didn’t have equal laws compared to white people. So they initiated the Civil Rights Movements to fight for getting equal civil rights.
should have acted differently to work with Malcolm X, and possibly change the time period the Civil Rights Act was established. Martin had all the right words to say to keep whites and government officials from being completely against everything he had to say. Although, Martin did not have enough action steps to establish equal rights, Malcolm X certainly does. Consequently, it is likely that Malcolm X was an example of how to protest in an effective way. If Martin Luther King Jr. was more demanding and forceful like Malcolm X, the Civil Rights Act could have been established years before it was.