He later on became a prominent leader of the Nation of Islam. He urged his followers to fight back against white aggression. He changed his last name to “X” to show his rejection of his slave name “Little”. He believed in separatism which was the practice and belief that whites and African Americans should be separated, and live completely different lives, apart from each other. He believed that African Americans should not have to live in a society mixed in with whites.
Malcolm X, a Muslim minister, the de facto leader for Separationists, and a proponent of self-defense as a mechanism for justice and protection against the infringement of human rights, civil rights, and civil liberties, rejected Dr. King’s plight for non-violence, claiming that Dr. King embodies a turn-the-other-cheek philosophy in dealing with violent actions upon him and refutes this positioning in stating, “Because if white people get the impression that Negroes all endorse this turn-the-other-cheek cowardly philosophy, then whites are going to make the mistake of putting their hands on a Black man, thinking that he’s going to turn the other cheek, and he’ll end up losing his hand and his life in the try.” Malcolm X is often attributed with radicalized viewpoints, in comparison to Dr. King. Malcolm X embodied a position of self-defense as a means to defend the African-American community against the injustices both violent and systematic that infringed on their human rights. He differs from Dr. King in the sense that, Malcolm X believes that since violent acts are being done to African Americans, that African Americans should be able to defend themselves against these acts as opposed to taking them in stride. “Our people should start doing what is necessary to defend ourselves. This doesn 't mean that we should buy rifles and go out and initiate attacks
If you’re a man, you take it.”, he believed that only freedom can be achieved by taking it from who discriminates the black people. He also contributed Islam to grow largely at the time he served as a spokesman for the organization. Malcolm X advised blacks to break the chains of racism. His claims and actions had affected the black people in the United States morally and physically. Malcolm X was born on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska.
When Savio referred to “put your bodies on all of the gears, wheels, and levers,” he was singling for more types of boycotts and sit-ins because he saw that it was a method towards progress. Malcolm X saws the failure of the Democratic Party to help out Black America, and he preached that African Americans should no longer continue to support their candidates blindly. Malcolm X understood that African Americans were ignorant in their efforts to keep electing a Democratic to a public office, and that elected Democratic did absolutely nothing to help Black America in return for their support. He demanded that there should be no reason why African Americans should get behind the Democratic Party, unless the elected officials would bring about needed justice in housing, employment and education in Black American. Even though Malcolm X’s did not promote protesting, Malcolm’s speech actually did announce a protest of the Democratic Party which was just as direct as Savio’s speech advocating continued protest as a remedy for change at
should have acted differently to work with Malcolm X, and possibly change the time period the Civil Rights Act was established. Martin had all the right words to say to keep whites and government officials from being completely against everything he had to say. Although, Martin did not have enough action steps to establish equal rights, Malcolm X certainly does. Consequently, it is likely that Malcolm X was an example of how to protest in an effective way. If Martin Luther King Jr. was more demanding and forceful like Malcolm X, the Civil Rights Act could have been established years before it was.
The whites feared mixing of the race which is the Mongrel Race; because they were afraid the white race would be diluted. So, they did everything keep blacks at the bottom. The Southern states reacted by creating and enforcing Jim Crow laws. The Jim Crow was a system created as a segregation of colored people and white people, but mainly focusing on blacks. These laws existed because of the idea of being superior (Ferris State University, 2012).
Therefore Black Power is a reaction to the failure of white power. It is a symbolism of a mind and action shift from a devotion of a non-violent direct action to a violent necessary action for change. Even though Martin Luther King didn’t deny the existence of the violent progressive strategy he didn’t believe in it. He was different from all the other black power theoreticians in that he preached a black-white alliance towards change (non-separatism). Carmichael as the leader of SNCC abandoned the nonviolent strategy and went for separatism, non-integration and creating economic opportunities for black Americans through Black Nationalism and the militant action.
"If they make the Ku Klux Klan nonviolent, I'll be nonviolent. ... But as long as you've got somebody else not being nonviolent, I don't want anybody coming to me talking any kind of nonviolent talk." He noted that there is no point if only a group of people who is trying hard to become nonviolence, but on the other hand, there were also another group of people who do violence and this is where the topic of justice comes along and according to him, if the Whites are using violence, therefore, the Blacks also need to use violence. At the outset, I did not somehow agree with his judgement but as I go along, I really managed to read what he really stands for.
The criticism made by the these eight clergyman epitomize the idea of whiteness and white privilege. Rather than to offer assistance and guidance for King and his efforts to diminish racial injustices prevalent in the South, they, instead, offer criticism in an attempt to depreciate King’s fight for racial equity. This rhetoric has occurred often throughout American history, where we see white individuals devaluing and hindering the progress made by individuals of color. For example, one of the critiques that King received was that The Negro community should be more patient and wait for society to move gradually toward civil rights. What white individuals fail to understand is that there is no such thing
Slavery puts our own ethics and religious morals into question, unmasking our willingness to accept true human suffering for something as minute as money—and even wickedly contorting an otherwise well-meaning religion and set of beliefs to brainwash others into accepting this hideous trade. If we consider the physical implications of this reform in the present day, we can easily observe its effects. Even as conditions progressed and the playing field was somewhat levelled, it was only in 1964 racial segregation was abolished. While I’d like to comment on the current state of racism in the United States, I feel uneducated on the subject as a white South African
Malcolm X’s decision to break away from the nation of Islam and speak on his own beliefs and his efforts to encourage African American people to defend themselves at any means necessary against acts of racism, was no justification for his assassination. First, as
I think that non-violence was important to him because he wanted to show that he was not going to be a mean ruthless guy to the white people. Because he did 'nt want people to think that all blacks are mean and harmfull. All he was trying to do is talk it out and acheive the goal of getting the right for blacks to vote. Like what he said in the letter form burrmingham jail "I am in Birmingham because injustice is here" he was being treated unjust for not doing anything
Since he is talking to an entirely different audience where his religious beliefs may not be in-line theirs, it wouldn’t be ideal to discuss their different beliefs and instead uses Kairos to infuse his argument with logos to convince the audience of the problems with segregation and the necessity to fight for equality. Malcolm X discusses how they don’t have civil rights which were pertinent in the lives of all the audience and allows them to relate to the time and logically leads to supporting his ideas against segregation. Malcolm X denounces the actions of the white population, without any attempts to appeal to them; his approach to the civil rights issue is in complete opposition to the tactics of other civil rights leaders of his time, such as MLK. Rather than trying to integrate the black community into the white, he focused on the complete reconstruction between the two populations: he didn 't want the African-Americans to integrate into the white hotels; he wanted African-Americans to own the hotels. He believed that it was entirely necessary for the black population to break the psychological, cultural, economic, and political dependency of their oppressors.
He states the that any law that brighten ups “human personality” is a just law and any law that devalues human personality is an unjust law. MLK finishes of by saying that segregation is sinful. He finds this out by breaking it in to part like so; separation is sinful, segregation laws separate, and therefore segregation laws are sinful. Finally, after explaining why he disobeys some laws he makes it clear to the clergymen that segregation laws are unjust and sinful. Thus, he strongly believes that the Jim crow law should be disobeyed because they are “morally wrong” (par.
Throughout King’s speech, his use of metaphor is vastly used to create a tone of necessity. King calls upon the African American with phrases like, “Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred” to emphasize the fact that he understands the suffering and doesn’t want others to be sucked in with the non supporters of the civil rights. As a matter of fact, he doesn’t want people to take short cuts out to get freedom. He wants both blacks and whites to be able to hold hands together and greet each other without “hatred” and “bitterness.”