Introduction The story of the Civil Rights Movements of African Americans in America is an important story that many people knew, especially because of the leadership Martin Luther King Jr. Black people in America, between 1945 and 1970 had to fight for rights because they had been segregated by white people, they didn’t have equal laws compared to white people. So they initiated the Civil Rights Movements to fight for getting equal civil rights. African Americans in the USA from 1945-1970 had to work for the equal civil rights with white people. Many non-violent strategies were used by Martin Luther Jr to gain civil rights. It was compulsory to examine what human rights they lacked before Civil Rights Movements, what non-violent strategies …show more content…
After Rosa parks refused to give her seat to white passenger and was arrested. The black people decided to launch a boycott. It denoted all of African Americans walked instead of riding a bus. The boycotters hoped the bus companies would lose money and be forced to abandon their segregation policy. After a year bus boycott, a unit state’s District Court ruling in Browder V. Gayle banned racial segregation on all Montgomery public buses. The bus boycott was significantly effective because it was not only getting the right for bus but also it showed the African Americans’ determination of fighting for equal rights. Another example of non-violent strategy was sit-in. A group of black students broke down segregation by sitting in the white section in restaurant. They expressed their protest by sitting. It was highly effective because it initiated by black students. When Martin Luther King was in jail, the leaders in Birmingham decided a new strategy. A group of black children would march in Birmingham to protest against racism. If the children of Birmingham couldn’t awake American’s conscience, they thought, then nothing would. These non-violent strategies were very important to Civil Rights …show more content…
Because of the African Americans were treated unequal, they started the Civil Rights Movement, they desired to get more civil rights through the Civil Right Movement. Many successful non-violent strategies had been used by African Americans such as bus boycott, sit-ins and marching of Birmingham. Also because of the leadership of Martin Luther King Jr, the Africa Americans gained some civil rights at the end of Civil Right Movement. Reference • History.com,2015, Civil Rights Movement, retrieved at 12 August 2015 fromhttp://www.history.com/topics/black-history/civil-rights-movement • Tavaana.org, 2015, Martin Luther King Jr, Fighting for equal rights in America, retrieved at 12 August 2015 fromhttp://www.tavaana.org/en/content/martin-luther-king-jr-fighting-equa-rights-america-0 • Paterson D, Willoughby D, Willoughby S, 2010, Civil Rights in the USA, 1863-1980, Heinemann, Oxford • January B. 2003, Witness to history: Civil Rights in the USA. Oxford: Heinemann
Project Report: Oral History and the History of the Civil Rights Movement - Kim Lacy Rogers, The Journal of American History, Vol. 75, No. 2 (1988), pp. 567-576 The civil rights movement of the early 1960s was one of the most significant events in the modern history of the United States, one that has elicited much examination and research by historians. An era that saw the power and influence of the movement play an integral role in the eradication of legalised segregation and the disenfranchisement of African Americans. Given the historic importance of the civil rights movement, this paper aims to examine Dr Kim Lacy Rogers ‘Oral History and the History of the Civil Rights Movement’, published in the Journal of American History in 1988.
During the 1960’s, the Civil Rights Movement was a big topic and controversy with all of the United States. It was quite clear that African Americans did not get treated the same way that whites did. It had been ruled that it was constitutional to be “separate but equal”, but African Americans always had less than the whites did. For example, the schools that they had were run down, and had very little classrooms, books, and buses. Martin Luther King had a large role in the Civil Rights Movement, as did Malcolm X, and others.
The Civil Rights Movement was a pivotal moment in America’s History. The landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education served as a catalyst in the African American struggle for equality in America. This court case took place on May 17, 1954, and it set the political and social tone for events that followed which would make up the Civil Rights Movement. By following these events it can be concluded that the approach towards equality altered over time. Meaning that the way the efforts that equality was pursued began to evolve.
There are two distinct methods that were practiced during the Civil Rights Movement which included violent protesting and peaceful protesting. Some of the most known African-Americans during this time period who clashed in their beliefs of which method was more effective are Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X. Martin Luther King Jr approached the Civil Rights Movement with the idea of sparking non-violent protests across the nation. On the contrary, Malcolm X believed that violence was needed in order to prove their point. Overall, after seeing the effects of both of these people’s methods, Martin Luther King Jr.’s approach to ending segregation was more effective than Malcolm X’s approach.
I think the nonviolence used by civil rights activists was a good tactic because it demonstrated how powerful African Americans were because they knew that violence was not the answer. The Montgomery Bus Boycott proved how Africans Americans used their actions in a peaceful way rather than in a violent way. The Sit ins allowed for people to see how Africans Americans were treated with the help of having television coverage in order for African Americans to gain sympathy. The most important thing it showed was how united Africans Americans were and more African Americans began to join the movement. 2.
The African American Civil Rights movement existed at large between the early fifties and the late sixties in a society that was constantly on the verge of social destruction. The black rights movement existed politically, socially, and economically everywhere in the United States. As time progressed the movement developed and saw many changes along with schisms separating activists and how they approached getting their rights. In the early fifties there was a large non-violent integration based movement spearheaded by figures such as Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks. However, as the time progressed, the movement started seeing a more aggressive leadership with figures such as Malcolm X, but eventually it turned into an extremist movement
The Montgomery Bus Boycott is considered one of the first large-scale demonstrations against segregation in the United States during the civil-rights movement (History). Beginning in 1955, african americans stopped riding the public busses in protest of being made to sit in the back of the bus in the “colored section.” Instead, they either rode in cars, rode bikes, or walked to show that they no longer wanted to be treated as second class citizens. The boycott was important to the civil rights movement, and really began when a woman named Rosa Parks decided that she would not give up her seat on the bus and move to the back. It was her belief that black people, like all people, were humans and deserved to be free and treated with respect.
Throughout history there have been many civil rights activists who have inspired and changed the world. These Activist create movements whose purpose is to create a progressive society with equal justice and opportunity for all. There were two movements that were particularly important in the United States during the 1920s and the mid 1950s. In those movements were activists such as W.E.B. DuBois, Marcus Garvey, Booker T. Washington, Martin Luther King Jr., Thurgood Marshall, and Malcolm X. When looking at each activist and their beliefs it is apparent that there are similarities between the older activist and younger ones. All wanted equality among races, but when discussing how to obtain it their paths had differed.
African Americans have had a troubled past in the United States. They had to endure slavery and fighting for their rights, and still aren’t always seen as equals today. Two major movements happened that paved the way for rights for African Americans, in the 1890s to 1920s, and in the 1950s to 1960s. African American leaders in the 1890s to 1920s laid a foundation for future civil rights movements by unifying African Americans and trying to get full rights and equality at once, while leaders in the 1950s to 1960s built on this foundation by taking a hands-on approach towards accomplishing smaller goals to achieve rights. Civil rights leaders of the 1890s to the 1920s led some of the first movements to obtain rights for Black people.
After they were approved the right to vote, many states denied them this right or had civil service tests that they had to take in order to vote. During wars, they would recruit African Americans to fight by promising them freedom and equality when the war ended. King with his letter to Birmingham Jail wasn't the only type of civil disobedience going on. Rosa Parks cause the bus boycott when she refused to give up her seat on the bus to a white person. Parks fought to desegregate buses.
During the tumultuous period of the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 60s, the goal for bettering the lives of African-Americans was desired by many. However, the means of attaining that goal, varied greatly among the representatives of the movement. The African-American civil rights efforts were spearheaded by men of peaceful protest for integration, such as Martin Luther King Jr., and in contrast leaders such as Malcolm X who expressed separatist ideals. Other groups of civil rights advocated took an outright violent approach, such as the Black Panthers.
Introduction: There are many social movements that happen changed the society. For example feminist movement, civil rights movement, Arab spring movement, children rights movement, ect. In this paper I choose to write about civil rights movement, which it is one of the most important movements that happened. It led to transforming of all aspect of social, political, and cultural American life.
MLK Changes the World "The time is always right to do what's right" Martin Luther King Jr followed this advice as he was fighting for equal rights for African Americans around the world. Martin Luther King Jr positively benefitted modern society by writing a speech and changing the viewpoint on how people think about African American and using nonviolent disobedience to change his rights. Martin Luther King Jr has significantly benefitted modern society by changing the viewpoints on African Americans make them more equal to whites. In the month of April 1963 Martin Luther King Jr was arrested for conducting a civil rights march. The civil rights movement has been formed to ensure the rights of all people were equally protected by the law(Jakoubek
They practiced being harassed verbally and physically so that they could really deal with it in real life so that this tactic could work. The “sit-ins” created a change and portrayed reality. It showed that the blacks wanted to be unified with the whites, it created a sense of unity and realization. Nonviolence is dealing with reality, dealing with the differences, and accepting the people and the situations. This should be used more in society because it will create unity, peace, and will get rid of tension within society.
The people who lived during the Civil Rights Movement used both violent and non- violent protests , marches and speeches. No matter how anyone look at the past, it carved a better future for many African Americans.