There are several ways this injury can be treated, depending on the severity of it. A good starting point would be to first take his medical history and then perform a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in order to see what structures and organs are specifically affected. Also, George’s physical examination stated that he was slightly intoxicated. In order to know the full extent of his injury, George should be kept in a stable position until he is alert and aware of pain. Since alcohol can reduce a person’s ability to feel pain, keeping him in a stable position can prevent any further damage to the region.
The problems result from pressure on the facial nerves caused by muscle tension or abnormalities of the bones in the area between the lower jaw and the temporal bone. A hinge joint called the temporomandibular joint connects the temporal bone and the jaw bone (the mandible).
Apply ice to the injured knee or knees: Put ice in a plastic bag. Place a towel between your skin and the bag. Leave the ice on for 20 minutes, 2–3 times a day. Rest as instructed by your health care provider. Limit physical activities to levels that do not cause pain.
The trapezius is a large muscle in the upper back that helps to control the shoulder blade (scapula) and stabilize the spine. Trapezius palsy happens when a nerve (spinal accessory nerve) that connects the spinal cord to the trapezius muscle becomes damaged. This causes pain and weakness in the back of the shoulder and the upper back. This also limits the range of motion of the shoulder joint. Damage to the spinal accessory nerve usually happens because of an injury to the back or shoulder.
If you are having problem with stability of the knee that indicates a grade two or three sprain. There is special test that are performed to indicate injury to the MCL. For example, the valgus stress test allows the examination for joint laxity. For this test the patient should be placed in the supine position and the test should be performed at a thirty-degree flexion of the
With the coldness of ice it will reduce pain and swelling. Apply an ice or cold pack for 10 to 20 minutes, 3 or more times a day to prevent or minimize swelling. After 48 to 72 hours, if swelling is gone, apply heat to the area that hurts. Place a towel over the cold or heat pack before applying it to the
If you were prescribed an antibiotic medicine, finish all of it even if you start to feel better. • If your bursitis is caused by an injury, rest your elbow as directed by your health care provider and wear your bandage as directed by your health care provider. You may also apply ice to the injured area as directed by your health care
Appropriate patient and family education Patient and family education is imperative in order to avoid recurrent and new ulceration. Position changes should be frequent to avoid stress on the skin and minimize pressure on vulnerable areas. The following approaches can prevent pressure ulcers: - Wheelchair patients: Shift the body weight frequently and lift the body up if possible. Use a cushion (gel, foam, air) to ensure proper position. - Bed confined patients: Reposition frequently, using devices if indicated and allow caregivers to assist with bed linens to reduce friction and shearing.
• Raise the injured area above the level of your heart while you are sitting or lying down, if possible. • Avoid stretching your wound. • Drink enough fluids to keep your urine clear or pale yellow. SEEK MEDICAL CARE IF: • You received a tetanus and shot and you have swelling, severe pain, redness, or bleeding at the injection site. • You have a fever.
Task 8.1b- disorders and dysfunctions of the musculoskeletal system Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis is the most common arthritis. It is an incurable condition which affects your joints. The surface within the joints become joints become damaged which stops the joints moving smoothly.  The symptoms of this are: o Pain and stiffness o Swelling o Not being able to move the joint normally o A grating/grinding feeling
Hamstring strain is a common recurring sports injury. Aside from interfering with your routine, hamstring injuries can cause injuries throughout the body by changing your gait, meaning that other muscles will be compensating for the injured hamstring's action. This often manifests as lower back pain, since muscles in this region tend to compensate for the hamstrings. On top of weak, tight hamstrings, back pain can further interfere with your performance.