The Mongols had traded for centuries with border posts and had recieved gifts and money from Chinese courts (Document I). With this said, this meant that the Mongols weren’t completely barbaric as they were described to be. If they could maintain trade with other countries it meant they weren’t bloodthirsty and crazy. Mongols built canals to improve transportation and communication (Document J). This meant that Mongols cared for more than just conquering and destroying cities, that they were actually civilized.
It caused rulers to promote peasants to migrate to land occupied by people of non-Chinese descent ad well as military garrisons to protect the new settlements and complete the task of subduing non-Chinese people. Policies, such as breaking up the great estates of the old aristocracy and distributing land equitably among free peasant households of the empire, were adopted. 6. How did the scholar gentry become such a dominant force in Chinese politics and society? The scholar gentry became such a dominant force in Chinese politics and society because they held a high status and prominent role.
The Qin and Han employed different philosophies on how to run their dynasties. The Qin used controlling Legalistic ideas while the Han used the relationship building Confucianism. The Qin and Han had a different relationship with outsiders because the Qin preferred to keep foreigners out while the Han wanted to build a relationship with them. The Qin and the Han each contributed to the growth of China’s culture and expansion. The developments in trade, foreign relations, and building expansive building projects in the Qin and Han Dynasties effected the design of every dynasty
China’s tribute system was influenced by their beliefs, world view and geography. The tribute system existed and operated to regulate China’s trade and diplomacy with its neighbors. Sinocentrism or the acknowledgment of Chinese superiority played a major role in the Tribute system. For instance, the Chinese emperor was the “son of heaven,” and those who were in his inner circle of humanity, who offered tribute to the emperor, had more trading rights in China than the barbarians who did not offer tribute at all. These barbarians were uncivilized and culturally inferior in the view of China, who regarded themselves as the one and only true civilization, not as a part of many other nations.
The Han expanded agriculture, achieving success by utilizing irrigation and water conservation technologies. They increased the speed in which lands could be ploughed and seeded, using cattle and inventing farm tools. Industries expanded and production improved by the use of looms in weaving and iron-smelting (China Western Han Dynasty: Emperors, Politics, Economy, Culture). In order to help the poor, which ultimately helped the government, they lowered the taxes that had been forced on the peasants by the previous Qin Empire, imposing larger taxes on the merchant. Land was taken away from the elite and the peasants were able to use that land to plant more crops (Han Dynasty
Chinese Immigration When Chinese people started immigrating from a vast number of small cities in China to the United States, it was for a better life and better job opportunities. Chinese immigrated mostly for the same reason, to find freedom. Immigration not only changed the lives of those moving away from China, but the American citizens themselves who already had their lives put together. Hard working Chinamen move to the US to work for a small amount of money to provide for their families. Companies in the US were in need for cheap laborers, this made Chinese immigrants a prime group of people as they had the values, and desire to work hard for their families no matter the risks they took, or the extra hours they had to work.
Regardless of the paternalistic tradition in most Eastern countries is theoretically good or bad, the current situation where the public in general does not resist paternalistic policy at least indicates that the application of nudging in China, or even the whole Asia, is promising. In fact, there are already some good designs done in China even before the birth of the concept of nudging. For example, the addition of guidance line for queue to the platform since 2005 clearly does not force passengers waiting in a line, yet has shown significantly positive impact on public order. Since Asian people are less likely to go against well-intentioned government guidance, it can be logical and reasonable to believe that good compatibility of libertarian paternalism and Asian culture, especially Confucianism, may create considerable space and numerous opportunities for
Nevertheless, the rise of industrialism was a plus during this time, the damage left from losing jobs was a problem that should've been dealt with to make the epoch a better time period. Treatment of the poor was handled in a way that shows the uncaring characteristics of people alive during this time. Life was ideally difficult for those in poverty, and the social classes of the Victorian Era didn’t handle the dispute in a way that would've resolved it. Even though this time of English history holds several complications and flaws, it did gain some brilliant writings, art, and literature as an outcome. Overall, the point of poverty England reached was truly unnecessary and should’ve been taken care of in a simpler
The educational program was unbalanced, for the Romans were interested primarily in education that had practical uses. Their contributions to civilization were notably in the practical areas of law and engineering. The great wealth that came into the Roman Empire from the conquered nations and the many slaves who did much of the work previously done by the poorer Romans led to a breakdown of the societal morals of the roman
Alternatively, the law could be seen as a pragmatic act, intended to spread support for the party. Instead of marriage being a feudalistic affair, it became a state-procured act, and after the early years of Mao’s rule, marriage became a ceremony in which the two parties were expected to express their love and loyalty to the Chinese Communist Party. The second propaganda poster displayed below (‘a free and independent marriage is good, there is great happiness in unified production’) highlights the political implications behind the law; marriage was displayed as being intrinsically linked with production, thus presenting both as being essential to the life of a communist, or anyone living under the rule of the Party in