Historiographical account and historical novel share two main principles: First, in both genres narrative is the means of communication and second they discuss the bygone events. But narrative and fictional elements play a different role in historiography and historical novel. The novelist invents events and characters and intermingle them with the past in order to communicate the desired effects. Contrary to this, the historian does not create additions in theory or in records. Means the historian’s task is less mimetic and the novelist can create additions to the record.
1. INTRODUCTION With the present essay, I just to want to explain how Charles Dickens used language to catch the reader’s attention. Normally when we study the language that the characters of any work use, it is just to understand much better what the author meant by his literary style. The use of characters and their different social ranks and different usage of languages, help to understand better the times in which the author wrote the book. So it is good to know the different types of language that the author uses in the work to understand better what the author wants to express and how the author wants to express it.
With interpretations and piecing together historical evidences to form meaning, this suggests that there is a certain sort of fictionalisation that goes into the method of how history is created and the ease of its readability raises the issue that historians would write history in a causal and linear fashion, almost so that it would read like a narrative with the implications that one thing would lead to another (Currie 1998, p. 79). As proclaimed by Alan Munslow: “The past is not discovered or found. It is created and represented by historians as a text.” (Evans 2002, p. 1). Combined this factor and the flaw of human beings’ inability to remain objective, this jeopardises the perception that history is a text that is free of biasness and that is ultimately neutral. This flaw is further supported by Greenblatt as he argues that the interpretations of historical representations can never be neutral or disinterred (1989 cited in Currie 1998, p. 88).
Regardless of whether characters in the books we read reflect others or ourselves, what is most critical is interfacing with them in ways that allow us to comprehend our identity today. Here and there finding out about our history through the eyes of various characters can be agitating or even agonizing, yet it additionally can be an enlivening to the obscure. Diversity in literature is also important because it has some influence on how different people are seen or not by some other cultures according to literature. When analyzing literary works, we must first see the structure of the work such as plot, which is the way that the author arranges the ideas or incidents that have place in the story. We also must take a close look to the character which is essential to the plot, without characters the writing would not have a true sense.
American writers were highly inspired by the British writers because present day United States was a series of British colonies in early days. In the middle of 19th century they found their own tradition, style and themes. It led to their contribution of inimitable styles and themes to the world of literature. During this period, many American writers exhibited their sensitivity to the people who were victims of the World War II. They have panoramised, in their writings, the cynicism that followed the war.
History Portrayed in Literature vs. Informational Text If one has ever read the short story, “Rip van Winkle” by Washington Irving or the informational text “George vs. George” by Rosalyn Schanzer, one will notice how the short story is a piece of literature that takes place at a crucial point in history, and how the informational text takes place around that same time as well. However, that individual may not observe at first how the facts are presented and incorporated differently in each text. Literature uses a bias, is meant to entertain readers, and uses not all true information when talking about history. On the contrary, informational text is unbiased, its purpose is to inform the reader, and it always uses true information when talking about history. While both types may base their text off of actual events, they also both have many differences when presenting the information.
Works of literature are built from systems, codes and traditions which are established by previous works of literature. The systems, codes and traditions of other art forms and of culture are crucial to meaning of a work of literature. Texts are viewed by modern theorists as lacking in any kind of independent meaning. This is called intertextuality. A text is permutation of texts, an intertextuals in the space of a given text, in which several utterances, taken from other texts, intersect and neutralize one another.
Nowadays, it’s a little more difficult to speak your mind without your words being plagiarized. James Porter in “Intersexuality and the discourse community” from Writing about Writing, argues “that these common ideas about authorship, originality and plagiarism don’t account for how texts actually work and how writers actually write.” What this is basically saying is that if a writer borrows ideas from other writing without acknowledging that borrowing, that is considered plagiarizing. My question is, so how do we make sure what we’re genuinely writing hasn’t already been said before? Genuine originality is difficult because there’s so much that has already been said. However, it isn’t impossible.
Historical Criticism insisted that to understand a literary piece, we need to understand the author's biography and social background, ideas circulating at the time, and the cultural milieu. This school of criticism fell into disfavor as the New Critics emerged. New Historicism seeks to find meaning in a text by considering the work within the framework of the prevailing ideas and assumptions of its historical era. New Historicists concern themselves with the political function of literature and with the concept of power, the intricate means by which cultures produce and reproduce themselves. These critics focus on revealing the historically specific model of truth and authority (not a "truth" but a "cultural construct") reflected in a given
In literature, the writer responds to what he or she sees and transforms it into illustrative words or fictional stories and characters. This is perhaps why some fictional stories can convey the reality (or the truth) better than our filtered and constructed mainstream news publications. Thus, literature may represent the social reality of a certain era. Some of the themes used in old literary works are timeless and when you read those books the past and the present socio-cultural problems become indistinct. This is what I experienced when I read ‘Layar