Nationalism which was the emphasizing of the national identifying, and aspiration of independence promotes the unification of Italy and Germany because it focused on the majority’s voice in the country. James Stuart Mill, (Doc 2) who was a proponent of national identity, accentuated the necessity of a constitution
The American Revolution set the background for the modern nation state as well as molding the modern Army. Both countries have many differences and similarities, ranging from the individuals fighting these wars to tactics and strategies they used to win. These countries shared the same idea of freedom and independence, the difference is they used different methods of accomplishing this goal. It’s difficult to pin point which country chose the best method, but we compare some of the facts and take a deeper look as to what was transpiring in both of these Revolutions. In the 18th Century the main problem the Army had was manpower. At that time the remedy for this problem was drafting the poor, uneducated and less fortunate members of society.
The United States, France, Haiti, and many other countries all underwent series of revolutions between 1750 and 1850. A few events provided impetus for these revolutions: the Reformation, the Industrial Revolution, and the Enlightenment. The Reformation was a religious reform movement that began in the early 1500s and split the Western Christian Church. Fed by not only religious reasons but also by by political and social factors, the transformation provided a source of power for many rulers and shaped European colonial expansion. Likewise, the Industrial Revolution was the time period between 1780 and 1850 that contained many major inventions and economic expansion in certain industries. Furthermore, the Enlightenment was a movement in the late
Nationalism is the sense of belief of feeling united as one; like how Americans felt during the 1810s. In document 1 it states “ Our country! In her intercouse with foreign nations may she always be in the right; but our country, right or wrong”. This means that even though
In this unit, you examined the American and French Revolutions. The American Revolution, sparked by conflict over British rule and influenced by Enlightenment ideas, broke colonial ties with a monarchy and yielded a new nation. The French Revolution, inspired by the American Revolution as well as the Enlightenment, freed French citizens from an absolute monarchy and secured equality before the law for all male citizens.
At the end of World War II, Western European powers sought political stability after a period of turmoil and devastation. Germany was divided into two spheres of influence: East Germany, controlled by the Soviet Union, and West Germany, controlled by the Allies. Western Europe attempted to unify in the post-war economy, and various views arose regarding this potential unity. The unification of Western Europe was met with opinions that were largely motivated by a nation’s own economic and political interests.
Strong nationalistic feelings of pride from the citizens of each European power resulted in a militaristic and economic competition. This created a race between different countries. Germany’s Grand
Germany has been a nation that had been divided for many centuries, the Germanic tribes had avoided being taken over by the Roman Empire, they had been the seat of the Holy Roman Empire, then after the Holy Roman Empire fall, it became a handful of individual kingdoms and states, with Persia and Austria being the biggest contenders to make a unified Germany. Germany in the early 1860’s was divided mostly because of failed politics and religious divides. One man was the most important driving force behind these Germanic kingdoms becoming the superpower that is Germany. Otto von Bismarck, the Minister President of Prussia and a friend to Persian king, Wilhelm I. Prussia had tried for years to unify the nations, but it wasn’t until Bismarck came along that this began to become a reality.
The Immigration Act of 1924 sparked conversations surrounding whiteness that complemented nativist practices towards Italian immigrants. During and after WWI, the sweeping immigration of Italians was met with white backlash surrounding their ethnic and national backgrounds, with many whites branding Italians as swarthy, illiterate, and ragpickers.” Furthermore, fiction novels of the early twentieth century portrayed Italians as distinctly non-white. While the Immigration Act was well received by white nativists behind such xenophobic actions, heavily biased mathematical engineering behind the quota system inadvertently spurred the consolidation of an Italian ethnic identity through geo-national pride. While the Immigration Act of 1924, influenced
In 1853, the Crimean War was fought among the Ottoman Empire, Russia, Britain, and France over a Russian protectorate in the Ottoman Empire’s vassal states to compete with France’s influence. The Ottoman Empire declared war on Russia with the backing of France and Britain. The Russians were defeated and humiliated and were angry with the Austrians for not supporting them as their ally so Russia cut off ties with them. Austria’s supposedly new friends Britain and France failed to help Austria like the Russians did when she needed it. Instead, the French aided the the Italians in their fight for independence against Austria and the British withdrew from foreign affairs. The lack of support for Austria also led to German unification. Austria’s
Otto Von Bismarck was the prime minister of Prussia from 1862 to 1873, and the chancellor of the German empire from 1871 to 1890. Overtime, Germany began to trust his judgement and followed every order that was appointed by him. After 3 victories during previous wars, Bismarck was given more freedoms toward his contributions to foreign policy. His main goal was to promote peace and recover from the war. For this reason, he thought that by preventing France from forming alliances, and insulating them in a sense, he would be able to avoid possible conflicts. These conflicts, he feared, would grow and disturb the peace he was trying to enforce. He was trying to keep France from gaining more power and being hostile with other nations. Consequently, his main goal was to form a treaty with powerful countries at
The foreign policies of Bismarck and Wilhelm had some similarities and differences among. Both Otto Von Bismarck and Kaiser Wilhelm II made a contribution to the significance of World War I. Firstly, they differed because Bismarck had developed a complex system of allies. Wilhelm was the opposite and left Germany isolated with no allies. Also, Wilhelm tried to become allies with Britain but it had failed, though Bismarck had an excellent relationship with the British (Kislenko). This shows the comparison of the two techniques each of them had used in order to gain success and the advantages one had over the other. Wilhelm also was more into war, and having a superior military. On the other hand, Bismarck was most definitely more focused on creating allies with different countries. Expanding on that idea, Bismarck cared about the safety of his soldiers but not as much as Wilhelm, who cared about their ability, safety, weaponry, and more (Kislenko). Wilhelm was a military fanatic, he even loved their uniforms. The views on military even differed quite a bit, details that one cared about, the other had a different opinion. Kaiser Wilhelm was much younger than Bismark, so his choices and rationality differed from those of Bismarck who was much older, wiser, and
Towards the end of his life Prussian statesman Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898) was quoted as saying, “One day the great European War will come out of some damned foolish thing in the Balkans”(“Archduke Ferdinand Assassinated”). On June 28 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand Heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated, bringing the entire European continent into a war. This assassination was orchestrated by a group of Serbian extremists associated with the Black Hand. Believing that their freedoms were being infringed upon; they aimed to weaken the Austrian Government by targeting high profile political figures. A mixture of nationalism and alliances created an environment where several nations needed
Nationalism is the idea that a people who have much in common, such as language, culture and within the same location ought to organize in such a way that it creates a stable and enduring state. Nationalism is tied to patriotism, and it is the driving force behind the identity of a culture. Nationalism had many effects in Europe from 1815, The Congress of Vienna and beyond. Nationalism brings people together in a way and people can feel belong to something. Factors include Prince Metternich, the middle class in countries get involved, and ideas of imperialism and many others brought people together as one to be called nationalism.
German nationalism became a powerful force among German liberals, but the princes were very conservative. A true opportunity for a united Germany would not come up until the revolutions of 1848, which is a tremendously complex topic. However, nothing had been solved in 1848, and the nationalistic desire for the unification of Germany and the liberal goal of more representative government remained (Biesinger, Joseph A.). German unification would not happen until 1871, when Otto Von Bismarck’s statecraft and cascade of Prussian victories allows them to. Joseph A. Biesinger’s article Otto von Bismarck and German Unification looks at the events leading up to the unification of Germany and how Bismarck was able to achieve this