How Did Nationalism Change The Revolutions Of 1848?

968 Words4 Pages
As a product of the Revolutions of 1848, European sentiment towards Nationalism grew extensively among the middle and lower classes. European ethnic groups and nations desired a self-determined state that represented their group and culture. As a result, both Germany and Italy would experience unification movements within several decades. By 1871, the Italian states would be unified under the Italian tricolour flag; and in the same year, the German states would become integrated into Germany under Wilhelm I of Prussia. Nationalism is both a political and social system in which the nation-state is of utmost importance -- in which nation-states act in their own self-interest and are of full sovereignty. Although nationalism alone played a vital role in the Revolutions of 1848, liberal politics and school of thought would ultimately change the way nationalism would take hold in the unification process -- facilitating both processes in Italy and Germany.
In late February of 1848, revolutions spread
…show more content…
Otto von Bismarck used political wit and risk-taking to facilitate efforts towards German unification. Through Realpolitik, “...the pursuit of a Nation’s self-interest based on a realistic assessment of costs and consequences of action.” A political theory in which realistic, practical strategies are utilized over strategies of ideological or moral consideration. Because Realpolitik in a doctrine that acts in the self-interest of the state, it is qusai-nationalistic. Through Realpolitik, Bismarck gained significant leverage over Austria in the Schleswig-Holstein Question, the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, and considerable leverage over France in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71. Following the Franco-Prussian War, King Wilhelm I of Prussia proclaimed the German Empire, officially unifying the German states into one under Prussian political structure that also juxtaposed Conservative Nationalism and

More about How Did Nationalism Change The Revolutions Of 1848?

Open Document