Nationalism Essays

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Nationalism Essays

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    In 1964 Malcolm X argued for a separation of African Americans from white America and a creation of a Black Nation. Stokely Carmichael, a student leader and later a leader of the Black Panther political party, was influenced by Malcolm X and the teachings of the Nation of Islam. Carmichael advocated racial pride and coined the phrase “Black Power.” Like Malcolm X, Carmichael believed that African Americans should separate themselves from white America. In an essay in the Massachusetts Review, Carmichael wrote

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    The Great War started in 1914 and went on until 1919. It was sparked by the assassination of the president of Austria,Franz Ferdinand, in June 1914. Growing forces of nationalism, alliances and economic factors also helped spark WW1. He was murdered by a Serbian nationalist in Bosnia, and a series of threats and mobilization orders followed the incident, leading in August, to the outbreak of World War I, which sparked Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire to run against Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy and Japan. “The Allies were joined after 1917 by the United States.

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    There were distinct formations of anti-black sentiments and varying degrees of interpellation, making racialization a contextual process which resulted in blacks forming their own subjectivities to fit their geographical and political contexts. The Austin School approach, however, seeks to represent the Black/African Diaspora as a transnational project that highlights historical efforts towards the collectivization of identities through political and cultural practices. The essential use of African as the root of Black Diaspora is also a collectivizing measure, not simply because of an assumption that racial oppression stemmed solely in Africa, but to place Africa as the center of racialization, as notions of Blackness as an identity were produced mostly in Africans and African descendants across the globe. This makes the Austin approach a structure of self-making and realizing Black

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    The Marxist position is that the mode of production does in fact determine the superstructure of political relations. Therefore, it is argued, history can be understood as of product of dialectical process- the contradiction between the evolving techniques of production and the resistant sociopolitical system. As for the concept of “national interest,” the national interest of a given nation-state is, of course, what its political and economic elite determines it to be” .The dominant idea of contemporary bourgeois thinking is that increasing international integration of economic activity, or “globalization” will lead to prosperity and peace for all. But globalization is not a concept that helps us understand the world around us.

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    What capitalism celebrates as the “entrepreneurial spirit,” socialism condemns as greed; individuals are expected to work for the common good of all. 3. Government control of the economy. Socialism rejects capitalism’s laissez-faire approach in favor of a centrally controlled or command economy operated by the government. Commercial advertising thus plays little role in socialist

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    The economic theory of neoliberalism is based on the premise that government cannot create economic growth or provide social welfare. It is the private companies, private individuals and the unhindered markets that are best able to generate economic growth and social welfare. The philosophy of neoliberalism is supported by powerful nations and transnational corporations. Transnational corporations that have subsidiaries in several countries, control much of the world’s investment capital and have access to international markets. Neoliberalism is the updated version of the liberal economics of the 18th and 19th centuries that supports the philosophy that unlimited competition in a free market is the best way to organise an economy because it forces everyone to perform with maximum efficiency.

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    Archduke Francis Ferdinand (December 18, 1863 - June 28, 1914) was an Archduke of Austria-Este, Austro-Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia. In June 1914, he and his wife were assassinated by the Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo, Bosnia and a month later, Austria-Hungary declared war against Serbia. This caused the Central Powers including Germany and Austria-Hungary and Serbia 's allies to declare war on each other and sparked the beginning of World War I. Archduke Francis Ferdinand was significant because his assassination created a series of events that led to the outbreak of the Great War.

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    This movement became known as reform Darwinism. reformers used the principles of evolution to justify sexist and racist ideas found in certain societies. For example, the most extreme type of reform Darwinism was eugenics, meaning well-born. Eugenists claimed that particular racial or social groups usually wealthy Anglo people were naturally superior to other groups. This is evident in the American society specially in Mississippi during the duration of 1960s which marked the climax of the blacks oppression between blacks and whites

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    World War I began on July 28, 1914 and lasted until November 11, 1918. Differences in foreign policies were to blame, although the immediate cause was the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand. The two main sides were the Allies, which included France, Great Britain and Russia; and Germany and Austria- Hungary. Thirty countries were involved total. World War I was the first global conflict, also known as “The Great War”.

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    Gellner prvides a functionalist view of then nationalism. This is completely contrary to Mrx, for whom the modern era and indutrialization is a step towards the abolition of nationalism. Gellenr’s ideas are nor based on an economic interpretation a la Marx. But rather Gellner is describing the superstructure of national polity and the family system of social relationships, that form as a result of capitalism.

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    He argues that due to the absence of a international governing body, states should actively pursue conflict in order to ensure their own survival. He goes on to use economic concepts to describe his viewpoint of the anarchical structure of international politics. He says, “The market arises out of the activities of separate units--persons and firms--whose aims and efforts are directed not toward creating order but rather fulfilling their own internally defined interests by whatever means they can muster”(Waltz, 52). This supports the realist argument that states operate based on self interest and, contrasting with Wendt, do not consider their identities within the international system.

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    Nationalism Dbq Analysis

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    Liberal ideas were in favor of the majority in the country so it paved way for further unification as an independent state which emerged from all hierarchy. In order to defeat other powerful enemies, a strong state would have more advantages as it served as a collective defense. Nationalism accelerated the process of unification since it utilized the military force and political support from a large number of patriots and liberalists. Nationalism which was the emphasizing of the national identifying, and aspiration of independence promotes the unification of Italy and Germany because it focused on the majority’s voice in the country. James Stuart Mill, (Doc 2) who was a proponent of national identity, accentuated the necessity of a constitution

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    Malcolm X believed that this distinction was important because it made civil rights issues the issues for all of mankind, which meant that it could not be ignored by anybody because it "didn 't involve them". B) The philosophy of black nationalism signified many things in the 1960s. It could mean anything from pride in one 's community to a belief in total separatism, from creating African American-owned businesses to wearing dashikis in honor of African traditions. Black Nationalism though historically speaking has been the emphasizing the difference between blacks and whites as well as the black people 's power or right to shape their own destiny.

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    Black African-America

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    All people, cultures, and societies understand what it means to come of age, to leave their sheltered environment, and discover oneself. As active participants of American society, we communicate this idea. We have a fundamental need to communicate and relate to each other through common ideologies, and the stories we tell. However, for people of color, especially African-Americans, more so, Black females, this is not so. African-Americans, especially Black females, continue to face a history of racism and oppression contributes to the challenges they face: their victimization due to the highly personal nature of sexual violence and myths about their sexual promiscuity are endless.

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    New York, New York - Who ever said; "When Opportunity knocks, open the door?" Whomever uttered that statement should be shot and gagged. That's the problem we face in this egotistical society! Opportunity is a fundamental gift that reserves itself for those who take and embrace a situation by exherating effort to make it happen. Charlamagne Tha God, the co-host of Power 105.1's The Breakfast Club explains in his new book Black Privilege: Opportunity Comes to Those Who Create It, how embracing one's truths is the fundamental key to success and happiness.

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    When thinking of the Spanish Conquest, two groups often come to mind: the Spaniards and the Native Americans. The roles of each of these groups and their encounters have been so heavily studied that often the role of Africans is undermined. As Matthew Restall states in his article Black Conquistadors, the justifications for African contribution are often “inadequately substantiated if not marginalized [as the] Africans were a ubiquitous and pivotal part of the Spanish conquest campaigns in the Americas […]” (Restall 172). Early on in his article, Restall characterizes three categories of Africans present during the Conquest – mass slaves, unarmed servants of the Spanish, and armed auxillaries (Restall 175).

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    Black Freedom Movement

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    The struggles for the Blacks continued even in the 1970s and 1980s. However, along with the struggles in the past, many new issues emerged in the Black Freedom movement. Although, the theme of the issues remained the same, the new issues were different especially in the case of gender. Along with injustice and inequality from the past, Black women were often the victims of sexism. Organizations like the Combahee River Collective and some great figures like Assata Shakur, Audre Lorde, Bell Hooks, and Jesse Jackson didn’t only inform about the struggles of the they accompanied, but also the action they proposed to overcome those struggles.

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    Black Odyssey Summary

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    Black Odyssey is a book about the schooner, a sailing ship with two or more masts, Amistad landing on American soil, but more importantly, the events and disagreements which this resulted in. Beginning the tale, Cable goes right into the retelling of the elaborate plot, describing it as the start of “a strange series of events that was to bedevil the diplomatic relations of the United States, Spain, and England [and] intensify bitterness over the question of slavery.” Including exerts from newspaper articles, which explained the common rumors about the alleged pirate ship, Cable begins by telling the reader of the reaction of the general public to the witness’ accounts of sighting the “pirate ship.” The slaves on the ship rebelled against

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