Although Truman’s actions and the new ‘policies’ that he introduced were a major factor to the deterioration of America-Soviet relations, it is important to understand the pre-1945 factors that affected these relations. After World War I, European countries adopted an appeasement ideology: The world was horrified by what the war had done to Europe, and a war like that must never happen again, so peace must be protected at all costs. This led to many attempts to preserve peace in Europe, which ultimately failed as Germany invaded Poland and the world realized that another war was about to begin. However, one of the last agreements that the western countries signed with the Nazis might have been the start of the bad Soviet relations with these countries: the Munich agreement. This agreement said that Hitler was free to invade a portion of Czechoslovakia, as long as he went no further.
The post-World War I and World War II worlds created a new outlook on life. The peace in these post-war worlds was shaken by fear of communist takeovers. As well as the fear of how these rumored communist-or Bolsheviks- would affect American views on gender and family relations. The first Red Scare occurred after World War I. Many believed that communists were inciting rebellions in the form of labor unions in almost every state; focus shifted from the Red Scare when the need to focus on the war in Europe overpowered the supposed presence of a communist party.
Weinberg does agree that Hitler would of course preferred to avoid a conflict with Western powers, but he realized that this was something he would inevitability have to face. Hitler’s Chief German biographer, Joachim Fest, argues that Hitler’s growing sense of mortality was what convinced him that it was time to increase aggression. Tooze that not much has changed regarding the positions on this topic since the 1980’s, but offers the probability of some alterations as a result of new archival evidence. This evidence, Tooze argues, forces historians to further explore Hitler’s war against the his Jewish enemies who he blamed for Germany’s economic crisis. He explains that Hitler viewed Germany's problem through the lens of his racial ideology and this made war inevitable for him.
Ronald Reagan played a large role in the turning point of the Cold War. His plan drove the Soviet out of Afghanistan and depleted much of their moral, making them weaker. Their weakness would later play a role in the collapse of the USSR and the end of the Cold
The Cuban missile crisis was said to be his fault. He was to blamed for the situation because he taunted the Soviet Union and they reacted by placing missiles in Cuba. When Kennedy discovered the missiles he reacted in an aggressive manner. He cut off all trade with Cuba after this happened. These events have long since caused tensions between the U.S. and the Soviet Union.
Social cleavages are apparent in parts of the book which is a frequent topic in Comparative Government. Before the war started in Iran, there was a divide between the Islamic fundamentalists and the more westernized population. They had very different beliefs and this caused a divide between the people. This is similar to political cleavages in Russia, which was discussed in class during Unit Three. Some citizens have wanted the past autocratic rule of communism and others have wanted a more westernized democracy for the state.
They believe that he is “in another world” because of how he behaves. It shows how his power over Russia has taken its toll on him and caused him to lose his mind. His need for power negatively affected his behavior. The title of president has gone to his head, and he has taken advantage of this
The pressure on Britain was both internal and external - after World War II, many countries, particularly the United States, whose philosophy was rooted in freedom and democracy, and the USSR, at the time both newly established superpowers, opposed colonialism. Moreover, British political landscape was evolving with events including World War II and the Cold War, and majority public outlook within Britain advocated India’s independence. As Bertrand Russell expressed, ‘people began to feel that if British rule could be preserved only by such methods (referring to violence), then it was not worth preserving.’ This unpopularity of British imperialism, along with the British’s failed attempt at establishing India as a federation of states with the Government of India Act of 1935, which was refused due to suspicion amongst nationalists that the proposal’s ultimate agenda was not eventual independence, rather mere reform, led the British to accept that the most rational decision was to grant India its independence. Overall, upon evaluating the factors that contributed to India’s independence, I firmly believe that although Gandhi was pivotal inspiring the change and accelerating the process, the abdication of British imperial control in India stemmed primarily
That’s why I found myself cringing at some of “The Obsolete Man”’s writing. I understand that the unique political climate of 1961 undoubtedly played a large part in the sledgehammer-like way the Chancellor’s touting of Hitler’s eugenics and Stalin’s anti-religion practices were handled. Within the context of the episode, it might have even been normal for a person say such things. However, outside of the narrative it comes across much like the viewer being picked up and shaken. There is a nice bit of repeated dialogue later given new meaning, but that too is quickly overused.
It is well-know that in his first term he denounced the pre-Gorbachev Soviet Union as an "evil empire." And even after the far more likeable Gorbachev came to power, Reagan still was quite stubborn during negotiations, significantly shown when he repeatedly refused to compromise on the development of his missile defence system, SDI, even if it would greatly alter . Repeatedly as political analyst Strobe Talbott reminds us, “In the 1985 Geneva summit, progress on arms control had foundered over the scrapping of Reagan’s SDI[Strategic Defense