The Cold War was a period of tension between the United States and the Soviet Union. The Cold War started March 12, 1947 and ended December 26, 1991. However, many people think that the Cold War never ended even though there are many facts proving that it did end. The Berlin Wall, the Iron Curtain and the dissolution of the Soviet Union all play a role in why the Cold War did end in 1991.
First of all, the Berlin Wall was put up to separate East and West Germany. The United States along with Britain and France were in control over West Germany and the Soviet Union was in charge of East Germany. The three counties merged together in order to restore Germany. The differences in political views caused the wall to be put up to separate the country. …show more content…
The Soviet Union held power over many counties including Eastern Germany. The United States used the act of containment to try and keep communism out of the world. However, the Soviet Union was based on communism. The Soviet Union had frequent shortages of food and supplies which played a part in the dissolution of the Soviets. The article "Soviet Union” says“poverty of Soviet citizens created a backlash from younger people who refused to adopt Communist Party ideology”. The Soviet Union no longer wanted to participate in communist acts. According to The Collapse of the Soviet Union it says “ Gorbachev's decision to allow elections with a multi-party system and create a presidency for the Soviet Union began a slow process of democratization that eventually destabilized In 1991”. Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union and they were not a threat to other countries. The countries the Soviet Union once had control over formed their own independent nations. According to the primary source Telegram from Nikolai Novikov it states that “the Soviet Union being destroyed during the war or coming out of it so weakened that it was forced to bow to the US for economic aid”. They were forced to surrender because of how weak they had become. The Soviet Union was not strong at the end of the war and could not control other …show more content…
They may argue this because of the buildup of nuclear weapons or increasing tensions between Russia, China and Western countries. Russia and the United States agreed to cut down on nuclear spending therefore there was not a buildup of weapons. These countries also threatened the United States democratic ideologies. Even though the United States was being threatened they still contained communism and were able to change many countries into a democracy. The article The National Museum of American History says “During 1989 and 1990, the Berlin Wall came down, borders opened, and free elections ousted”.This caused the weakening of the Soviet Union which led to many other things like the Berlin Wall falling, the Iron Curtain being abandoned and communism being disbanded from many counties. This is why the Cold War did not
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
The close proximity of the superpowers as well as the failure of adherence to an agreement formed in the Potsdam conference resulted in increased tensions and one of the first direct conflicts (Source G), in this case economic warfare, between the USSR and the USA which ignited the beginning of the Cold
The Cold War between the United States and Soviet Union had major effects on many regions in the world. After World War II came to an end the United States and Soviet Union started to show differences which turned into conflicts affecting not only both sides but many other regions in the world. Countries started to take sides either communist or non-communist (Doc1). As Winston Churchill describes it as The Iron Curtain Over Eastern Europe (OI). The city of East Berlin in Germany had the dose of communism in that Soviet Russia controlled the sector (3a).
The Soviet Union was the world's leading communist power and one the world's superpowers through the 20th century. However, on December 25th of 1991 after years of economic struggle the Soviet Union finally collapsed and split into 15 different states. This collapse was a result of the publically operated Soviet business not being to able to compete with the privately owned business of democratic countries. As a result, a major economic collapse would occur within Soviet borders. THese economic collapse left widespread discontent amongst the citizens of the communist country and resulted in the country splitting into 15 different states (History.com Staff.
After World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union became superpowers due to their nuclear capabilities, had political and ideological rivalry which caused many events in the Cold War between 1945 and 1991. It was a “cold” war because there was no direct fighting between the two nations, but both wanted to prevent the other from spreading their political or economic ideas to other countries. The Soviets sought to spread communism while the United States adopted a policy of containment. Tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union began in 1945 during the Yalta and Potsdam conferences. Germany and parts of Eastern Europe were to be divided amongst the Allied forces into temporary “spheres of influence” to rebuild these
After the cold war happen then came the containment act. Containment was when the Soviet Union and soviet communism shouldn’t be allowed to spread. The policy of containment was to expand the soviet policy an then the American policy was to containment. Both armies were coming from opposite sides of Europe at this time. Both Russians and Americans cut Hitler’s Germany into two pieces.
After World War Two the U.S. and Soviet Union had a long-lasting rivalry since the Soviets were communists and the U.S. was not. This period is known as the Cold War because it was a major conflict where the U.S. and Soviet Union fought indirectly. The Cold War impacted the U.S. domestic policy and American society because it created American fear of communism. This fear later led to losing rights and the government switching where their money was being spent in certain areas such as general education.
Hot wars broke out and countries went to civil wars that are still lasting today. It also drove the Soviet Union into debt trying to keep up with development of western development. The United States and the Soviet Union in the process to out show one another aided countries with weapons that could do nothing, but cause problems. After the war many communist leaders lied and killed to keep their selves in power. The most devastating effect was the loss of lives, many people died during the war and that was something that could never be reversed (Zbigniew Brzezinski,
Communism began to spread during World War II due the success of the Soviet Union Army and the defeat of the Nazi Party. After the war, the Soviet Union wanted to convert more countries to Communism in order to protect themselves from potential attacks of common neighboring Fascist or Democratic nations. The United States and their Western allies worried that the Soviet Union, along with its satellite states, were attempting to over-expand their territory and force Communism on to the world. The political and military tension that resulted between these powers is commonly known as “The Cold War”, which lasted from 1947 until 1991 (“Cold War
This purge struck fear on Western Europe and many nations like the United Kingdom, who was badly damaged by the war, wondered if they were next. In document 1, then prime minister Winston Churchill said, “... an iron curtain has descended across the continent… All these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject, in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and in some cases increasing measure of control from Moscow.” Prime Minister Churchill proclaims the beginning of the Cold War, he also faults the Soviet Union on commencing the Cold War. Admittedly, Churchill is supported by the United States and will obviously blame the Soviets for the start of the Cold War. In document 3, the United States knowing the severe situation in Europe came to an aide.
The Cold War was a war full of politics and beliefs along with brutal fighting. Communism was seen as a major threat to the United States. The Soviet Union was trying to, at the time, influence other countries of its communist beliefs in hopes of gaining allies and resources. The Soviets expanded after WWII and the Americans feared this, adding tense to their “alliance.” The Soviet Union’s main targets were Europe but also to gain global exposure and power as well.
The United States of America (USA) believed in a system of limited government that had little capacity to control the daily lives of its citizens. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) on the other hand lived under a much more authoritarian government that offered little to no liberty to those within. World War II forced these two wholly different nations into an alliance to defeat Nazi Germany after the 1941 Pearl Harbor attack by the Japanese and Germany’s invasion of the Soviet Union. Professor John Lewis Gaddis begins the task of explaining this cold war by describing the circumstances that brought these two nations together.
After temporarily being allies in World War II, the US, and USSR strongly disagreed on many topics. These two world powers differed because the US had a democratic government, while the USSR had a communist government. The USSR wanted to spread its communist government to other
The historical significance of this event is mainly embodied in the collapse of the Soviet Union twelve years after the invasion. The war put immense stresses on the faulty, centralized economic system of the nation, and along with the radical social reforms set by Mikhail Gorbachev, led to the collapse of the nation. This war would be known as the equivalent to the Vietnam War for the United States, both in economic stresses brought upon by the war, and by the social discontent that it caused. Moreover, it had become a source of embarrassment for the Soviet Union; their army no longer seemed invincible to the rest of the world. In addition to this, the Soviets also came under increasing international pressure.
Communism was responsible for the red scare and the cold war. For centuries, autocratic and repressive tsarist regimes ruled the country and most of the population lived under severe economic and social conditions. Russia 's badly organized and unsuccessful involvement in World War I. This lead on to a popular discontent with the government 's corruption and inefficiency.