In the Tragedy of Hamlet, Shakespeare depicts a series of events of a son trying to avenge his father. He pretends insanity, accidentally murders, and drives the love of his life to commit suicide. Although Hamlet was the one that performed these horrible acts, it is all due to the initial actions of Claudius. Claudius is the root of all the problems in Hamlet when he murdered King Hamlet before the drama even begins. I believe that Claudius’ decision to kill King Hamlet, his plan with Laertes, and both of his attempts to kill Hamlet, all set up a chain of events that resulted in the death of far too many people. Before the drama even begins, King Hamlet is dead and his ghost comes back to visit. It is with this visit that the true nature of his death is revealed and Hamlet is informed that his father was murdered by Claudius. Hamlet now seeks revenge and begins his spiral of insanity to do so. In one of Hamlet’s first soliloquies, he states “That I, the son of a dear father murdered prompted to my revenge by heaven and hell…The play’s the thing wherein …show more content…
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, instead, are met with their deaths when they do complete the journey to England, and leaves Hamlet to face Laertes in a duel to the death. During the duel, Queen Gertrude mistakenly takes a sip of the poisoned wine and falls ill. Then, Hamlet goes after Cladius to die in union with his wife and forces him to take a sip. This only leaves Laertes and Hamlet left, but both are struck by the poisoned sword. Inevitably, all are dead except for Hamlet’s closest acquaintance, Horatio, who remarks “How these things came about. So shall you hear Of carnal, bloody, and unnatural acts, Of accidental judgments, casual slaughters, Of deaths put on by cunning and forced cause, And, in this upshot, purposes mistook Fall’n on th’ inventors’ heads” (V: ii,
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Claudius is often depicted as the main villain in the Shakespearean play, Hamlet. In the first act we meet the ghost and learn that Hamlet’s father was ruthlessly murdered by Claudius. This is only the beginning of Claudius’ villainous reign that we witness throughout Hamlet's plot. Claudius is the personification of selfishness; murdering his brother just to take control of the kingdom. However, in this soliloquy he also shows that the guilt of what he did is weighing heavily on him.
Firstly, Hamlet is a play of a man by the name of Hamlet, whose father was murdered by Claudius, his uncle. Claudius murdered the king by pouring poison in his ear to claim the throne for himself. Hamlet is then told by a ghost to murder Claudius for revenge, and he struggles within himself for the length of play whether to do it or not. When Hamlet begins to hesitate it does more damage than good and causes a chain reaction of tragic events, and makes the readers question whether Hamlet is truly sane or not. Claudius’s corruptness begins to show when he uses his authority to order those around him to rid of Hamlet.
When Hamlet meets with the ghost King Hamlet in the opening scene, he realizes that his father is murdered by Claudius. From Act I scene 5, the ghost King Hamlet is asking Hamlet to seek for revenge, “So art thou to revenge, when thou shalt hear” (1.5.12). By knowing this, Hamlet starts the revenge for his father and sets the tone of the entire play where death, revenge, murder, and suicide become the symbols of the whole play, and leads to the deaths of almost all the characters, including Claudius, Laertes, Polonius, Ophelia, Queen Gertrude, Rosencrantz, Guildenstern, and Hamlet himself. Also, because of his father’s death and his mother’s quick marriage with Claudius, Hamlet has the idea of committing suicide. From Act I scene 2, "O, that this too sullied flesh would melt,Thaw, and resolve itself to dew" (1.2.133-134).
Hamlet eventually kills Claudius like his father told him to, but only did it after his mother, Gertrude, drank the poison that Claudius meant to give Hamlet. This is a result of external action from all the sorrows that was building up in Hamlet’s life. This brings us to our next character, Gertrude, Claudius’s wife and Hamlets
Hamlet is looking to heaven and hell in an attempt to gain some sort of divine understanding of the ghost’s revelation. When he talks to the ghost of his father, his mood changes to anger because he finds out that his father was murdered. This new information leads him to want revenge for his
Hamlet, also, could not get over the death of his father. He found out when his father’s ghost came back that his brother, and Hamlet’s uncle, murdered him. He then was willing to do anything possible to get revenge on Claudius, his uncle. Both of
The ghost also reveals that his death was no accident and was murdered by his brother Claudius and should be revenged. These events challenged Hamlet and cast’s a burden to his moral faith. Hamlet decides to not act quickly with his plans of revenge considering there was no evidence to prove that Claudius killed his
Four major characters die in the last scene of Hamlet. Out of the four, Queen Gertrude is the least responsible for the tragic situation. During the dueling match between Hamlet and Laertes, Queen Gertrude notes that she will drink in dedication to Hamlet’s fight. Before doing so, King Claudius tells her not to. Queen Gertrude, stubborn, states, “I will my lord; I pray you pardon me” (V.2.275).
The story of a young man by the name of Hamlet has been told since it was first written in the early 1600s. The timeless classic tells the tale of Prince Hamlet, who discovers that his mother had wed his uncle, two months prior to his father’s passing. He visits the throne in Denmark because he is disgusted at the act of incest, where the ghost of his deceased father confronts him, insisting that he was murdered by Claudius, the new king. Hamlet is enraged, and he becomes obsessed with the idea of proving the crime so that he can obtain revenge against Claudius (Crowther). Despite the myriad of themes that circulate throughout the Shakespearean play, many do not realize one hidden yet extensive theme: actions and their consequences.
Laertes was to have a poisoned sword, so if pricked, Hamlet would die instantly. If Hamlet were to win, they would have a backup chalice with poisoned wine. As Laertes and Hamlet duel, Gertrude takes a sip of the wine, not knowing it was poisoned. Claudius then says "It is the poisoned cup. It is too late," (V.ii.319).
In Shakespeare’s Hamlet, many themes are explored throughout the play. Themes such as deception, madness, death, and revenge were all part of the play. Shakespeare's plays often deal with the issue of death, which is usually expressed in a very dramatic manner and generally includes the death of the main character. Shakespeare conveys the idea of life as a never-ending cycle of death and retribution throughout the entire play. Shakespeare introduces the concept of death with the passing of King Hamlet, which leads Hamlet to seek vengeance through his numerous soliloquies that examine death from a variety of perspectives and ultimately result in a dramatic conclusion.
He sought to avenge the death of his father, thus giving his father justice. However, Hamlet’s quest for vengeance did not allow him to remain a righteous character, but instead turned him into a villain. Claudius who is seen as the villain is only responsible for the death of one person, while Hamlet is responsible for numerous. He kills three himself, causes Ophelia to commit suicide, arranges the deaths of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, forces Claudius to drink poison even though he is already dying from a poisoned sword wound. So while Hamlet is justified in wanting to extract revenge for the death of his father he was not justified in the amount of deaths that he caused either directly or indirectly.
The ghost’s appearance has a significant impact on Hamlet’s behaviors and forms his decisions through the play. Hamlet, who is suffering from depression since he is dealing with his father’s death and the hasty marriage of his mother with Claudius, his uncle, became obsessed with the concept of life and death after seeing his father’s ghost. In the first appearance of the ghost, he reveals the truth about the how the king has been murdered, which drives Hamlet to seek revenge, and by revenge killing his uncle. The ghost establishes a dilemma and gives Hamlet time to think about his father’s request. But Hamlet has an uncertainty about the existence of the ghost as he notes “the spirit that I have seen may be the devil, and the devil hath power T ' assume a pleasing shape” (2.2.561–563) here, Hamlet is concerned that the ghost may be the devil and questions the motivation of the ghost for killing Claudius.
Hamlet meets with his mother, who is in the room with Polonius. Polonius hides, Hamlet then kills him believing he was Claudius. Claudius notices that Hamlet is acting different and wants to send him England and will have him killed as soon as he get there. Polonius son Laertes hears the news and returns to Denmark from France, Laertes and Claudius meet and plan to kill Hamlet with poison. Laertes will challenge Hamlet to a duel and fight with a poisoned blade.