Identity Status Model

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Identity formation is one of the most fundamental tasks in life span development, particularly for adolescence and emerging adulthood (Arnett, 2000; Erikson, 1968). Since its conception in Erikson’s ego psychoanalytic theory, a growing literature and significant advances have been made in identity development research (Schwartz, Zamboanga, Luyckx, Meca, & Ritchie, 2013). However, as existing studies with young people were mainly conducted in the high-school and college settings, there is still a call to give attention to the special populations (Luyckx, Schwartz, Goossens, Beyers, & Missotten, 2011) and one of such groups would be the children in conflict with the law (CICL).
The deviant behaviors during adolescence play the role of double …show more content…

The former represents the search of various possibilities for the potential identity, whereas the latter deals with choosing individualized ones. Luyckx and his colleagues (Luyckx, Schwartz, et al., 2008; Luyckx, Goossens, et al., 2006; Luyckx et al., 2011) have extended Marcia’s identity status model by emphasizing the processes underlying the identity structure and unpacking exploration and commitment into further categories. They divided the dimension of exploration into exploration in breadth and exploration in depth, and commitment into commitment making and identification with commitment (Luyckx, Goossens, et al., 2006). Later, they have also distinguished the adaptive exploration from the maladaptive ruminative exploration and added ruminative exploration as the fifth dimension in their model (Luyckx, Schwartz, et al., …show more content…

Personal life stories are the important highlights in this line of research (Schwartz et al., 2013). McAdams (2008, 2011) is one of the leading scholars in this area. He proposed the six principles for the narrative study of lives (McAdams, 2008). According to him, the self is storied and these stories integrate lives. They are also the cultural texts which are told in the social relationships. And, these stories tend to change over time and differ in their quality. As he has postulated, people engage in the work of defining themselves by telling stories to others and, at the same time, to themselves. And so, through detailed analysis of the structure and content of these stories, the changing identities of the individuals can become visible (McAdams, 2008; Murray,

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