During the Gilded Age, there was rapid economic growth in the United States. Some may disagree that transportation did not spark economic growth, because technology couldn’t keep up with the growth of the nation, and there was the creation of monopolies. However, transportation developments led to an increase in trade and production rates, urbanization, and social changes that all positively affected the economy . Therefore, the expansion of transportation developments was key to the growth of the economy between the years 1860-1900.
At the beginning of the nineteenth century, bodies of water were the primary mode to travel and trade. As the outcome, most of the population lived near the coasts or rivers. However, during the 1860s, there …show more content…
Traveling from long, previously thought of as daunting places was made cheaper, quicker, and simple through railroads.There was a creation of a highly competitive shipping industry due to advancements of steam powered machines. The use of steamboats had increased. Europeans and Asians were now able to cross the Pacific and the Atlantic Ocean to the United States of America because of the development of large, steam-powered ocean liners. Because immigrants are capable of moving to their new country in faster and larger numbers, the population quickly surged. Many people were promptly moving to the cities of the east and midwest. There was progress in the diversity of the labor force in the economy. These immigrants fulfilled the demand of the dramatic rise for factory labor. The expansion of the urban population due to the development and access to transportation helped stimulate new technological and industrial developments. By the mid-nineteenth century, reformers and architects began to call for a safer, ordered city than what was previously before (little central planning of a city). Some may say that there were many problems because of rapid urbanization. Some situations in the list of problems in the city include housing shortages, the environmental conditions, and crime. However, efforts and solutions were made to fix these complications. To fix problems of urbanization, there were early reforms to provide …show more content…
An innovation in public transport was the cable car, first introduced to the United States in 1868 in New York City. Another innovation that revolutionized public transport was the streetcar which is also known the tram or the trolley. Streetcar system were built in most of the major cities by the eighteen-eighties. They allowed people who lived in suburban areas to commute into the city for work. An invention by the 1890s were the first motor buses. There were also elevated trains and underground railways by that time. The elevated train system established in chicago was known as the “L” in 1895; it was the first rapid transit system in the United States. Boston, Massachusetts had the first public underground rail tunnel and subway system opened in America. They were built to get street cars off of crowded streets. Cities were also coming up with new techniques of road and bridge building at the same time. Without the creation and spread of these transportational innovations, the United States of America would have progressed differently. Workers were now able to travel to business centers more efficiently and faster paced as well. Businesses are able to expand even more, because they can now hire people from a larger area. This increases the amount and quality of workers that
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Cities grew, factories sprouted and immigration increased. Not to mention that transportation routes and means of transport underwent dramatic changes, greatly increasing national mobility. New and improved transportation technology made it easier and faster to transport goods: first national roads, then canals, and finally the railroad
How and why did transportation developments spark economic growth during the period from 1860 to 1900 in the United States? The period from 1860 to 1900 was marked by significant economic growth in the United States, fueled in large part by the development of transportation infrastructure. This essay will examine how and why transportation developments sparked economic growth during this period, exploring the impact of railroads, canals, and steamships on the American economy.
In the South, steamships enabled the Mississippi and Ohio rivers to be “highways” of commerce. They made round-trip shipping goods and products more efficient and self-sufficiency decreased as steamboat transportation increased commercial trading. The Erie Canal in the North stimulated economic growth by decreasing transportation costs and the prices of the good themselves. Canals also encouraged westward expansion and ended isolation in the West. Railroads eventually replaced canals since they were cheaper and faster to build and were essential for America’s economy by linking all the states together and providing access to new land for farming.
In the 19th century, a major way of transportation was crafted. This was called the Erie Canal. This Canal led to great economic growth throughout the United States. For example, the Canal brought in many people through the seaports in New York which made it more busy than it already was (Doc. 1a). This made New York City grow tremendously between 1830 and 1860 (Doc. 1a).
Following the great explorative successes, some Americans would soon venture westwards which was largely supported by rhetoric, law and the vision of the founding fathers to have a far-reaching territory. As the manufacturing industry rose in New England, the westward expansion was both timely and economically viable. The American settlers were moving rapidly to what is referred to as the Midwest today and this necessitated the development of infrastructure through the development of canals, roads, and railroads. The rapid expansion of infrastructure, more specifically the railroads, would then purge the country into a new era of medicine, manufacture, and agricultural inventions (Neil, 1964). The Midwest became an inspiration that saw the symbolic development of the American identity in the 19th century with development of acting, painting, and writing.
The period of time after the Civil War and before World War I was a period of tremendous change in America. Although immigration is a major tenet of the United States, due to the changing economy, improvements in transportation, a shifting of the American people to the city, and deepening class divisions, industrialization was the most powerful force shaping the country between 1865 and 1914, followed by urbanization, and finally immigration. The most noticeable effects of industrialization are changes to the economy, alterations in the distribution of wealth, and the rise of organized labor. Overall, the growth of industry raised the standard of living for most people.
During this time period there were great technological advancements. One of these advancements was railroads. Railroads were a positive change because it helped transport people and goods across the country. Businesses depended greatly upon transportation in order to transport their goods. Despite the positives of railroads, there were negatives.
Throughout American History, revolutions in transportation have affected the American society politically, socially and economically. Soon after the war of 1812, American nationalism increased which leads to a greater emphasis on national issues, the increase in power and prevalence of the national government and a growing sense of the American Identity. Railways, canals, and Turnpikes began to increase making many people employed. The era of 1830-1860 represents a shift from agrarianism to industrialism. Overall, during the transportation revolution, construction of turnpikes, roads, canals, and railroads led to the market economy expansion, an increased population in America and alternations of the physical landscape of America.
This was to let steamboats, a new form of transportation, to deliver goods to the states bordering the rivers and lakes they travelled on. Rails was also one of the largest forms of transportation in the North. Steam-powered trains were used to carry passengers and goods to anywhere that track was
In this paper I will explain how the railroads changed American society, politics, and its economy during this era. Secondly, I’ll talk about the 1896 election and how that impacted America and changed American Politics and elections form that point on. Lastly, I will identify the 4 themes of the Gilded Age and explain the causes of these themes and the consequences it had on American politics, economy, and its society. When railroads were invented in America, and first started being used commercially and for businesses, it was a major technological leap. They created a huge demand for goods.
The Transcontinental Railroad and the Interstate Highway System were not only the two biggest contributions in the history of transportation in the United States but are tremendously similar to each other in how they were built. Both systems were built in times of extremely desperate need of a way of transportation across the country which made them such big advantages to American society. The two systems have been majorly significant tools in the history the United States as well as modern day life. Something that the two topics share is the fact that they were both built during times of great change in the nation and had difficulties in funding.
The Tremendous Impact of Railroads on America In the late 19th century, railroads propelled America into an era of unprecedented growth, prosperity, and convenient transportation. Prior to the building of the railroads, America lacked the proper and rapid transportation to make traveling across the country economical or practical. Lengthy travel was often cumbersome, costly, and dangerous.
In a time after the Civil War, when a transcontinental railroad was created connecting the East and West, people began to move and settle across the country, creating new urban cities and manufacturing hubs. It was because of the railroad that the Second Industrial Revolution and the Gilded Age took place which rapidly increased the manufacturing of products through the new machines in factories and the spread of ideas by the telegraph and railroad. It was in this context that many farmers, as well, began to move West and experience a loss in the prices of their crops. It is also in this context that many workers were forced to work long, laborious hours with little pay. Farmers responded to industrialization in the Gilded Age by forming organizations such as the Granger movement and the Farmers Alliance as well as creating the Populist Party.
The building of roads, canals and railroads played a large role in the United States during the 1800s. They served the purpose of connecting towns and settlements so that goods could be transported quickly and more efficiently. These goods could be transported fast, cheap and in safe way through the Erie Canal that was built to connect the Great Lakes to New York. Railroads were important during Civil War as well, because it helped in the transportation of goods, supplies and weapons when necessary. These new forms of transportation shaped the United States into the place that it is today.