Difference Between Urbanization And Mental Health

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Urbanization being defined as the increase in the number of cities and urban population, is not only a demographic movement but also includes, social, economic and psychological changes that constitute the demographic movement. It is a process that leads to the growth of cities due to industrialization and economic development. The rapid increase in urban population worldwide is one among the important global health issues of the 21st century. In India approximately 28% of the India’s population lives in cities and this is expected to increase to 41% by the year 2020 (UN World Urbanization Prospects 2008).
Urbanization affects mental health through the influence of increased stressors and factors such as overcrowded and
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These are: diagnosis &early intervention; rational use of treatment techniques; continuity of care; wide range of services; consumer involvement; partnership with families; involvement of the local community; and integration into primary health care.
The idea of community-based mental health care is a global approach rather than an organizational solution. Community-based care means that the large majority of patients requiring mental health care should have the possibility of being treated at community level. Mental health care should not only be local and accessible, but should also be able to address the multiple needs of individuals. Community-based care (unlike hospital-based care) is able to identify resources and create healthy alliances that would otherwise remain hidden and
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Early intervention is fundamental in preventing progress towards a full-blown disease, in controlling symptoms and improving outcomes. The importance of early intervention is highlighted by the following example.
• In schizophrenia, the duration of untreated psychosis is proving to be important. Delays in treatment are likely to result in poorer outcomes.
The appropriate treatment of mental disorders implies the rational use of pharmacological, psychological and psychosocial interventions in a clinically meaningful, balanced, and well-integrated way..
Some mental and behavioral disorders follow a chronic course. The needs of patients and their families are complex and changing, and continuity of care is important. Some of the measures to ensure continuity of care include:
• special clinics for groups of patients with the same diagnosis or
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