Imagine a world in which The Civil War and the events after never happened. Southern states still hold slaves, there are no laws on immigration or who can become a citizen. The Civil War freed the slaves and allowed laws that dealt with citizenship and immigration to be ratified. This was what led to the creation of the three Reconstruction Amendments, which includes the Fourteenth Amendment. The Fourteenth Amendment has rich history, various meanings and applications, and can be used to shape our nation for the better today.
Stephen Douglas, a supporter of popular sovereignty, had difficulty trying to answer the question. If he said the people could not exclude slavery, then his famous "popular sovereignty" was a null, void issue and of no effect. If he said yes; then he would be defying the Dred Scott decision. Douglas, astute and creative, answered yes, the people of a territory could exclude slavery from the territory before the state constitution was written. He explained that slavery could only exist if the local legislature passed regulations protecting slave property and could lawfully avoid slavery without actually banning it.
Dred Scott was taken back into slavery and accused Sandford because Scott was in a free states and claimed that he was in the free state long enough to be a free slave. The Supreme court ruled against Dred Scott, this decision affected blacks preventing them to become citizens and an giving them the right to appeal to a jury and making it harder for a slave to escape because the free states didn’t make a runaway slave a free slave. The case also affected popular sovereignty. Where states got to choose if they were to be a free states or a slave
Answer: Johnson was made president after the Civil War and had to deal with issues arising from conflict between Northerners and Southerners. Contrary to what Congress wanted, Johnson easily forgave the Confederacy and allowed them back into the Union after they swore allegiance to the United States. Johnson vetoed many laws that Radical Republicans proposed, such as those protecting former slaves. These actions caused Johnson to be the first president ever impeached. What measures and policies emerged from that
Free states got an advantage as well when it was enforced that slaves would also be counted as three-fifths of a person for tax purposes. This has infamously become known as the 3/5 compromise. However, the issue of slavery was never solved in the Great Compromise. Free states knew that the Southern states wouldn’t accept the Constitution if it took away their rights to own slaves. Because of this, the only ruling in the Constitution that dealt with slavery was the Fugitive Clause which enforced Free states to help recapture runaway slaves who had escaped their masters' states.
The Fourteenth Amendment (Amendment XIV) The amendments were put into place to protect the rights and civil liberties of all American citizens from the federal government. However, prior to the fourteenth amendment, there was no certainty with the constitution. The constitution did not state in a clear enough way who was protected under it and exactly what rights you had as an American Citizen. The 14th amendment was in response to the just passed thirteenth amendment, which ended slavery in all of the southern states. This document drastically changed the perception of the citizens, showing that it protected the civil rights of whites and blacks.
The 1920s are marked in modern times as a time of restriction and luxury. The 18th Amendment was passed in 1919 that prohibited the sale, manufacture, and transportation of alcohol. Though, the amendment failed to outlaw the consumption of alcohol. The 18th amendment was also the only amendment passed that ever limited a United States citizen the right to do anything and was also eventually repealed after public opinion on prohibition turned. Originally, the public supported prohibition during the Great War because Americans wanted to support our troops abroad.
However, the South America did not do that and they published a new law, which mainly talked about if the slaves who belong to the South ran away to North. The slaveholder had power to catch them back. From 1850 to 1870, in these 20 years the laws of the South did not allow slaves ran away to the North. That is unfair, every people want free and a place where there was no slavery, no slaveholder everyone is equal. However, some people built some laws to prevent people to go there.
The Voting Rights Act was passed into law on August 6, 1965. The law prohibited the use of poll taxes and literacy tests that prevented Southern Blacks from voting. It also gave the federal government authority to supervise how poll taxes are conducted within places with disfranchised African Americans. After the Civil War, regardless of the 15th amendment, which banned the states from denying the right to vote of male citizens based on their race or previous condition of servitude before the war, discrimination was still around, prevented African Americans from voting. Many voting rights activists were also being mistreated violently.
Slavery was abolished in the year of 1865 when it became a part of the 13th amendment . Because of the abolishing of slavery, it created for a lot of discrimination and racism against people of color. In some southern and northern states did not agree with slaves begin freed especially Johnson. Because he did not agree it created for “moderates and radicals” to come together to pass black only laws. These black only laws returned some “freed slaves back to servitude”.
The South did not adopt the Wilmot Proviso to have an outlaw of slavery in the new territories. Utah and New Mexico are allowed to decide if they want slavery or not in their land. Columbia had a ban on slaves.Henry Clay who was from Kentucky wrote a handful of resolutions in 1850 which was an attempt to a compromise and change the crisis with the North and South. The compromise was to help stop a futher expansion of slavery. A fugitive slave act was placed and the slave trade in was abolished in Washington, DC.
The 15th amendment is one of the most important not just when it was written and passed but also currently, especially with the hateful prick we have as a president. The 15th amendment was one step in the eyes of the government to give African American men the same rights as whites. The Civil war ended May 9, 1865 five years later the, on March 30, 1887, the 15th amendment was written. As much in favor as it is for African Americans is did not apply to woman of either race. Women in the eyes of the men in this time should stay uneducated and should not have a say in political things.
The Dred Scott V. Sanford case of 1857 declared that African Americans were not citizens of the United States and did not receive the same support from the Federal Government. During this time the Congress also lacked the power to ban slavery in all territories belonging to the United States. In 1850 Dred Scott and his family were declared free under the state court however, this did not last long. The Supreme Court of Missouri revoked the Scott’s family freedom which led him to take his case to the U.S. Supreme Court. The U.S. Supreme Court denied him citizenship of the U.S. even if he was a citizen of a free state.
13th- The 13th amendment was the one that freed all the slaves.The civil war was a bing impact of radifiying this amendment and making it a part of the constitution. 18th- The 18th amendment was the one that started proabition.Proabtion basicilly ment that drinking was illigal and it was made a law.This amendment was introduced because it was thought that it would bring the crime rate down. 21st-The 21st was the amendment that overruled the 18 and made drinking illegal again.The 18th didnt go the way that they planned It was supossed to make the crime rates go down and it did the complete oppsite.The crime rates went up and the money the econmoey was reciveing went down. So they past the 21st with over ruled the 18th and made things back
The Missouri Compromise greatly limited the growth and development of slavery in the United States. It allowed Missouri to become a state, and to allow slaves, and Maine, as a free state. The compromise also prohibited the practice of slavery in the northern portion of the Louisiana Territory. By this time, the importation of slaves from Africa had been outlawed, and they could only be purchased within the country. This meant also meant, that states that entered would be free states.