Childhood obesity was defined as one of the epidemics of our modern society and it has changed to pandemic (WHO, 2000) due to increased number of cases around the world. The latest report from the World Health Organization confirmed 42 million infants and young children were overweight and obese (WHO, 2013).
Australia experienced a high rate of obesity in the adult population and a fast growing increase in childhood obesity, counting 1 in 4 children becoming obese. This situation makes a big burden to the Public health system due to the expenditure of health promotions and interventions to increase healthy eating and physical activity in order to decrease levels of obesity (Australia Government, 2009).
Development countries have been experiencing …show more content…
To aggravate the situation, children who are part of this classification are victims of bullying at school, which in some cases can lead of the development of other issues against their psychological wellbeing (AIHW, 2008).
Analyzing the situation of the Indigenous Australians regarding the rise of childhood obesity; we could gather that in the year 2012–13, among Indigenous children aged 2–14: 30% were classified as overweight (20%) or obese (10%).
Indigenous children aged 2–14 were significantly more likely than non-Indigenous children to be either overweight or obese (1.2 times as likely; 30% compared with 25%), and to be obese (1.6 times as likely; 10.2% compared with 6.5%) (ABS 2014d)
To have a better understanding of the reason of this increase in obesity levels in the Indigenous Australian populations, it is important to understand the changes in their lifestyle since the arrival of the western civilization.
The Australian indigenous food before receiving the influence of the Western Society was mostly known as the hunter type food, where animal food was consumed (even the carcass). They dedicated time to hunt their food and the food was available depending on their success in …show more content…
There are several risk factors, which made the Australian Indigenous people a vulnerable population. The drastic changes of lifestyle from their early hunter food setting to a western absorption of food patterns, extreme changes in physical activity, changes in healthy habits and high consumption of sugary and fatty foods, and not being able to find healthy food close to them which promotes food desert.
According to the Australia’s welfare 2015 report, Indigenous Australian children experience high levels of hardship in a variety of levels. In 2013-14, 143,000 children aged 0-17 received child protection services. Indigenous children aged 0-14 were seven times most likely to received child protection in comparison with the non-indigenous children.
Indigenous children represent 36% of the indigenous population and 12 times most likely to live in remote and very remote
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Under the Act, Indigenous people were forcibly removed from their traditional lands and relocated to reserves, often far from their original homes and communities. This practise of forced relocation disrupted Indigenous societies and resulted in the loss of traditional languages, cultures and ways of life (Wilson, n.d.). Forced relocation also had negative impacts on Indigenous people's health and wellbeing. The trauma and stress of being forced to leave their homes and communities led to an increased risk of mental health issue’s such as depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder. Indigenous people who were relocated to unfamiliar areas also had to adapt to new environments and resources, which often led to poverty and malnutrition (Onderkova,2015).
In the intriguing article, “The ‘Childhood Obesity Epidemic’” , Tina Moffat presented the health issue of childhood obesity. In recent years, obesity has become an important issue on the public agenda. Ever since I was young, the word obesity began to pervade and increased its popularity throughout high school and college, as people become more self-conscious about their body sizes and more influenced by the mainstream view on overweight or obese people.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders are the first people of Australia. The culture of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is dynamic and continues to evolve and develop in response to historical and contemporary circumstances. The Australian Government recognises that dispossession, interruption of culture and intergenerational trauma have significantly impacted on the health and wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, and that they share a continuing legacy of resilience, strength and
A 2011 survey showed that Indigenous Australians aged 15-64 were less likely to be participating in the labour force than non-Indigenous Australians aged 15-64 (55.9% versus 76.4%). The same survey showed that Indigenous Australians aged 15-64 were three times as likely to be unemployed when compared to non-Indigenous Australians (17.2% compared to 5.5%) (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2014). When comparing these rates to the occurrence rates of family violence in Indigenous Australians versus non-Indigenous Australians mentioned previously, we can see that they support the statement that a stable economy and abundant resources greatly decreases the risk of family violence. Studies in the United States have also shown that when controlling for socio-economic factors, domestic violence levels will be mostly equal among African American communities versus white communities, corroborating the idea that higher levels of poverty are associated with higher levels of family violence (Sokoloff, 2004).
Indigenous Australian youth still face numerous difficulties growing up in a modern Australian society, even though they are living in a time of ‘equality’ for all religions, races and genders. This paper examines the main cultural influences for indigenous youth, and challenges they face growing up. In particular, it will explore the ways in which Indigenous youth today continue to be affected, connected and interdependent to both a dominant white culture and indigenous culture. It also includes the reasons why the indigenous youth of Australia continue to be marginalized, oppressed and stereotyped while growing up in a society that claims to be an egalitarian democratic country. Examples of Indigenous youth from the film ‘Yolngu Boy’ are used to explore this topic.
Canadian health services delivery has not been sufficient in serving Aboriginal women. Practices and policies of the system has continue to marginalize many aboriginal women in the health care structure (indigenous women, 2005), this is structural violence. “Determinant of health such as gender, cultural heritage, aboriginal status is influenced by the quality and quantity of a variety of resources that a society makes available to its members” (Donna, Jessie, Susan, Buffy, 2008). Many Aboriginal women have low self-esteem (Indigenous politics, 2005), these “internal struggles” have led to many health and social related problems such as alcohol and drug abuse (YWCA Canada). In 2001 the life expectancy was 77 years for Aboriginal women (YWCA
Ultimately, obesity would force its way into many lives through the lack of exercise and healthy food adults and children were getting daily. As a matter of fact, obesity in children alone have tripled in Canada just in the past 30 years. Meanwhile, across the globe obesity has soared in all places like Europe, Africa, and Saudi Arabia. As a result, the solution has been talked and explored upon by scientists to household parent. Rather than bore anyone with the extreme into details hypothesis or the experimental projects done by parents.
Childhood Obesity by Karen Luna General Purpose : To inform Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the rising issues of childhood obesity Central Idea: While there are many reasons for childhood obesity rising in the U.S 3 main issues are children eating too much ,excercising too litte and obesity producing diseases in childhood. Introduction I. Take a look around next time you go to the store, the mall or anywhere. What you will find has become the new trend among children. It is starting to become literally a big problem and it is becoming a bigger issue each year.
In return Aboriginal women’s health has been negatively effected due to poor life style choices, poverty to lack of education or low income. These
Health As a result of the difficult historical and current events, Aboriginal women’s overall health situation has suffered. Aboriginal women have a lower life expectancy and have a poor understanding of their own health in comparison to non-Aboriginal women despite the improvements made in the last few decades (Halseth, 2013). Aboriginal women have an increasing large number of health issues in areas such as diabetes, HIV/AIDS, cancer and also the mental health issues that have these women in conditions where they experience domestic violence and drug and alcohol abuse (Halseth, 2013). The physical health of these women has increasingly become a large issue because the climbing rates of type two diabetes resulting from inactivity,
The problem appears to become evident right from birth with aboriginal woman twice as likely as non-indigenous woman to have a stillborn baby and twice as likely to give birth to an underweight baby (ed. Healey 2000, p.4). During the period between 1991 and 1996, life expectancy for indigenous people was around 20 years than that of their non-indigenous counterparts. The lives of indigenous people are affected by many other health factors, one of most concern is alcohol related problems that impact on their well-being, family structure, and even aboriginal traditional life because they tend to drink more haphazardly. Some of the health risks to which indigenous people are exposed can be attributed the differences between the health of indigenous and non-indigenous people.
Introduction –The arrival of the first white settlers had a severe and a huge devastating impact on Australia’s indigenous Australians. When the first British migrants arrived in January 1788 it was said that there was at least 750,000 Aboriginal people living in Australia at the time of colonization. Most of those people were split up into six hundred different groups with hundreds of different languages. Relationship between British and aboriginals – when the settlers arrived in Australia with them they brought a number of European diseases, because of the diseases the aboriginal population decreased rapidly.
How extensive is social discrimination against indigenous populations and why? Throughout human history, racial discrimination has been a persistent and prevalent issue. Australia has had a particularly violent and dark history of mistreatment against its indigenous population, which was often overlooked and ignored until recent times. However, increased awareness and education have slowly led to the acknowledgement of these issues and attempts to address the inequality that indigenous people face.
Australian people Australia is one of the most ethnically diverse societies in the world today. Almost one in four Australian residents were born outside of Australia and many more are first or second generation Australians, the children and grandchildren of recently arrived migrants and refugees. This wide variety of backgrounds, together with the culture of Indigenous Australians who have lived on the Australian continent for more than 50,000 years, have helped create a uniquely Australian identity and spirit.