In the Kate Chopin ' writing, Mrs. Mallard, is a modern woman with untraditional, she is the awaken of feminism in the first step. Mrs. Mallard knows why she is feeling "happiness" but others even her sister can 't understand that. In this way, Kate Chopin showed her "Awakening" which recognized for performance pioneer of feminist thought. And at the ending of the novel, she wrote that Mrs. Mallard is died of joy. Chopin used irony to reveal the price of the female consciousness.
According to Macey, Kristeva hits upon and elaborates her outstanding concept of intertextuality during her studies of Mikhail Bakhtin. In a major sequel of her essays she begins to formulate her theory of 'semanalysis', combining 'semiotics' and 'psychoanalysis', in which she studies the subject and her/his relations to the archaic drives and the pre-linguistic elements that circulate in the chora and the semiotic (Ibid.). Kristeva's one of the major works is Problems de la structuration du texte (tr. Word, Dialogue and Novel) in which she propounds her theory of intertextuality. Kristevan concept of "intertextuality" is built upon Bakhtin's notion of "polyphonic" utterances, that is to say, a free play of at times contesting voices in a single text such as a novel" (Lane 189).
She once told her sisters that they were wrong – even morally wrong – in making their heroines beautiful as a matter of course. They replied that it was impossible to make a heroine interesting on any other terms. Her answer was, “I will prove to you that you are wrong; I will show you a heroine as plain and as small as myself, who shall be as interesting as any of yours (Gaskell 235). Introduction Charlotte Brontë (1816-1855) was an English novelist whose novels have become enduring classics of English literature. In this essay, two of her novels will be discussed, Jane Eyre, published in 1847 and Villette, published in 1853.
A Feminist might argue that the story’s underlying message is to unveil the power dynamic during the 19th century between men and women. Nora is depicted as a dependant, childish and unexperienced woman (as said by mrs.Linde p.34). Torvald sees Nora as a dimwitted person as can be seen on p.89 where Torvald finds it impressive when ‘little Nora’ used to word ‘Scientific experiment’. Evidently Torvald can be seen as the superior portrayed individual and Nora as the inferior in the relationship, by a feminist reader. Nora being constantly dehumanised by being called upon different names of birds, making it seem as if she is Torvald’s property who he can adjust when he likes as Nora states (p.98).
Mrs. Coulter was very strong and full of powerful. Her powers came from her feminine wiles and tricks. She was insincere, shows the love and kindly emotion to Lyra, but from inside she had another feelings and plans towards her daughter. In the first of the novel she acts as the guardian for Lyra, but finally Lyra knows that Mrs. Coulter actually her mother. When Mrs. Coulter meets Lyra, she represents a sort of womanhood that Lyra finds attractive and charming.
The authors also examine the artistic elements in the novel and compare Fitzgerald to other authors. Focusing on style, the article reveals the formal and informal language with literary and traditional elements used to create depth in Nick’s character. Artistic elements in the novel included irony, prose, tragedy, satire, compassion, rhetorical devices, fantasy, and sharp characterizations. Fitzgerald cleverly combined all of the elements to make the story flow effortlessly. Robert and Helen Roulston’s article effectively provides a deeper understanding of The Great Gatsby by presenting background information on Fitzgerald’s personal connections with the novel and examining character development, structure, and literary devices.
1. Introduction At times, people would borrow words and ideas from other works to fit specific situations and purposes. Whether conscious or not, they are using intertextuality. Originally coined and developed by the poststructuralist Julia Kristeva (1986) in 1966, the term intertextuality has been widely accepted and used in the field of modern and postmodern literary criticism. In their Introduction to Text Linguistics, De Beaugrande and Dressler (2002) state that intertextuality “concerns the factors which make the utilization of one text dependent upon knowledge of one or more previously encountered texts”.
Kate Chopin, in her work entitled The Story of An Hour, uses metaphors and freedom to reveal her belief that women are oppressed while Gilman, having the same view, uses symbols and verbal irony. Chopin and Gilman convey their views on the oppression of women in marriage differently. Kate Chopin, the author of The Story of An Hour, uses metaphors and a widow’s independence to show her view that marriage is oppressive. Upon hearing of her husband’s death, Louise Mallard, the main character in The Story of An Hour, recedes to her room. “When the storm of grief had spent itself she went away to her room alone.” (Chopin, 2014) Louise’s withdrawal to her room acts as a metaphor for her life as a married woman.
Mallard is described as having wrinkles that “bespoke repression” to show that her voice and free will has been repressed in marriage. When Chopin wrote The Story of an Hour females had few career opportunities, and lacked the ability to vote, so Mrs. Mallard is used as an archetype of the voiceless women in marriage and society. The argument put forward shows that it is wrong that females must be without the “possession of self assertion” in marriage and life instead they should be on equal footing with males. Chopin uses the setting in the Story of an Hour to further display the power dynamics because the housewife is merely a guest in her husband’s
The Death of The Unborn Female American Dream Of Mice and Men, written by John Steinbeck, takes place during the time of The Great Depression; an era extremely difficult for women. The novella contains many iconic characters that serve as a metaphor to our societal standards. Curley’s wife is introduced just like any other; however, the emphasis on her feminine features are metaphoric to where women stand in society. In order to prove that society makes it impossible for certain people to attain The American Dream, Steinbeck objectifies, sexualizes, and kills Curley’s wife to show that women cannot reach The American Dream. Steinbeck uses specific vocabulary to objectify Curley’s wife; alienating her from The American Dream.