Outline some of the main transitions in scientific thought from Newtonian to Einsteinian worldviews. From your analysis of these transitions evaluate their impact on the notion of ‘common sense’ and scientific ‘truth’ The discoveries Einstein made in the early 20th century had a major impact on the scientific community and caused a paradigm shift in scientific thought which remained relatively stagnant for over 200 years. Einstein, like many others in their respective fields, not only gave rise to a new scientific worldview, but also refined the community’s approach to scientific experimentation.
Galileo is one of the greatest and wisest astronomers in history. He provided years of research that showed evidence of new theories and aspects of our galaxy that people never would have imagined in that period of time. There were consequences because his ideas conflicted with those taught and indoctrinated within the church, as his findings went against their religious beliefs. Galileo was even under house arrest for a time because of this.
He also made pathbreaking contributions to optics that he shares credit with Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz for developing the infinitesimal calculus. Newton formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation that dominated other scientists’ views on the physical universe for the next 300 years. Using the same principles to account for the trajectories of comets, the tides, etc; Newton removed the last doubts
Johannes 's first book, Astronomia Nova, was met with either ignorance, denial, or compromise from the other astronomers at the time, i.e., Galileo and René Descartes. Several astronomers who were advocates of Johannes 's theories tested them by observing Mercury 's transit in orbit. It proved Johannes 's theories to be true, despite his own certainty of the planet 's orbit. The main driving force for the spread of Johannes 's theories was one of his later books, Epitome of Copernican Astronomy, that many astronomers read and adopted after Johannes 's death. It led many astronomers to believe Johannes 's theory of elliptical orbits (First Law), but his theory on celestial motions (Second
Many people could be given credit for finding Neptune but John Couch Adams and Urbain-Jean-Joseph Le Verrier got most all of the credit. It was the first planet to be discovered by telescope but the first planet to be found by people specifically searching for one. It was launched in August 1977 the spacecraft went to Jupiter in 1979 and Saturn in 1981. After it went there it was programmed to go to Uranus in 1979 and last Neptune in 1989. The data and 10,000 pictures it took increased the knowledge of Neptune majorly.
Did you know who first discover that there’s more to the universe than just the milky way and who laid the foundation of the big bang? That was Edwin Hubble. Edwin Hubble uses all of the IB profiles throughout his entire life, but the one IB profiles that stand out and that IB profile was that he was a risk-taker. Edwin Hubble was born on November 10, 1898 in Marshfield, MIssouri. His love for astronomy started when he was 7 and his grandfather (was an enthusiastic amateur astronomer) showed Edwin his telescope and he asks to keep looking at the sky instead of having a birthday party .
Nicolaus Copernicus was an extremely famous and important scientist, astronomer, mathematician, religious figure, and scholar during the 1500’s. He helped shape many of the theories and ideas about the universe that are prevalent in society today. His accomplishments were and still are considered infamous, and although not commonly accepted by people during his lifetime, his development of the heliocentric model of the universe is what we all currently believe to be true. Without his hard work and perseverance on his research, our views of our universe would be very different, and possibly quite incorrect, today. Nicolaus Copernicus was born on February 19th, 1473 in Torun, West Prussia.
While there are a few monuments to commemorate the Apollo 11 mission or Neil Armstrong, none of them incorporate all of the important effects mentioned above, as this monument would. Not only would this monument educate the public on what the Moon landing meant for the United States, it would allow them to realize how much of today’s technology they gained from the space program, a realization much needed today when the government wants to end NASA’s
Did you know that Leonardo Da Vinci discovered density 400 years before scientists could explain it? Did you also know that Thomas Edison discovered “etheric force” which led to the invention of the radio? Although both of these men were geniuses in their own time, they are still remembered because of their impact on the world today. Leonardo Da Vinci, known as a great painter, also had a knack for inventing. “At age 30, he first explored his engineering talents and went to work as a military engineer for 17 years in Milan.
After 20 years, Copernicus agreed to share his new discovery with the world by publishing a book called On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres about his discoveries. In document 5, Galileo Galilei wrote a letter to a friend, Kepler, for his support for Copernicus’ theory years after he died. In this letter he explains how Galileo believes that the heliocentric theory is the correct theory and that he was too scared to publish his arguments supporting Copernicus. Galileo was scared because only in the eyes of few people and mocked and made fun of by many. Galileo says that he would feel better coming out with his ideas if the idea was more populrized in a positive way.
The Influence of Isaac Newton Isaac Newton’s influence and reputation exceeds him more than two hundred years after his death. Newton made great contributions to the scientific revolution, but, unbeknownst to the people of his time, had secrets that no one would have guessed. Isaac Newton explored the properties light, invented calculus and discovered the reason the earth (and other planets) revolve around the sun in an elliptical orbit. Isaac Newton’s “dark” secrets include studying alchemy and studying theology.
Johannes Kepler was the most influential scientist in astronomy who had an enormous impact on all different aspects of science, eventually paving the way for more thinkers like him to come and earning the nickname “father of modern astronomy”. Cajori, Florian. “Johannes Kepler, 1571-1630” The Scientific Monthly, Vol.
Optical Lenses by Amy Hogan The earliest known optical lenses date back to 750 BC in the assyrian empire. The first lense was know as the layard lense and was most likely used as a magnifying glass or to start fires. Many similar lenses have been found from ancient egypt, babylon, and greece. Ancient egypt and greece would fill glass spheres with water to achieve the same affect of lenses. Coincidentally lenses wasn't thought of until the middle ages.