During the 1960’s and 1970’s President Nixon declared a war on drugs causing the demographic of criminals to shift as Attica was now a dumping ground for African Americans and Hispanics facing drug charges, causing Attica to become overcrowded, and increased the already poisonous racial atmosphere in the prison. During this time, the FBI and other agencies were cracking down on the Black Panther Party and other groups. These agencies were sending powerful leaders to prison and making them martyrs for their
This new government agency was filled with controversy from the beginning, because of its broad enforcement capabilities. Some accused the new Justice Department agency of terrorizing innocent individuals, abuse of power, and a lack of oversight and accountability. The agency was officially dismantled in 1973, but in reality, it just consolidated with other agencies and became the Drug Enforcement Administration. Nixon’s new enforcement policy would disproportionately target communities of color resulting in what would become the beginning of a policy of mass-incarceration of blacks, Latinos and America’s poor. Since the 70’s racial injustices have been stemming from the war on drugs and these injustices and racial inequalities have not only been overlooked by some previous presidential administrations but were at times even aggravated by
Crack and other drugs also set many impoverished communities back because of the catastrophic effects of addiction or imprisonment (Levitt). It also affected black communities far more than white communities, contributing greatly to the widened gap in racial
Violent crime the ravages our neighborhood is a result of the drug trade. Drug abusers’ children are neglected, abused, and even abandoned. In the 1870’s, anti-opium laws were first directed and Chinese immigrants. During the early 1900’s, in the South, the first anti-cocaine laws were directed at black men. In the 1910’s and 1920’s, in the Midwest and Southwest the first anti-marijuana laws were directed at Mexicans – both immigrants and Americans.
Many factors have played into why minorities are so overrepresented within the criminal justice and corrections system, however, I will focus on two main reasons into why this disparity has existed. The first being, the manipulation of laws by elites targeting minority communities. For example, during the 70s and 80s, drugs in America became very popular and in particular crack-cocaine became a leading drug among consumers. For Caucasians, the drug of choice was cocaine which they would snort through the nose, for African-Americans it was crack which was cocaine, however, it was cooked into a rock while cocaine is a powder substance. During this time period both drugs were popular among both races, though, there was a bigger crackdown on crack and the minority community.
The main factor in the crime scene was the reestablishment of the narcotics scene basically days after the storm hit. The reintroduction of Narcotics into a city that was practically shut down causing free reign for citizens that had criminal intentions. Unfortunately crime is usually partnered with violence and the violence rate, mostly black on black, also rose exponentially. With the rise of black on black violence after Katrina stereotypes developed which caused unwarranted speculation in cases dealing with the police department and black on black violence. Similar cases such as black on black violence and police on black violence that seem to be never ending spark anger and hate in the hearts of the African American race which has only turned into more crime and more violence.
Based on most local and national news stations, minorities are targeted for small crime offenses while majorities are literally blowing up the country. It is understood that the police could more effectively fight crime by targeting minor offenses (Hinkle 1). Those minor offenses are more likely done by minorities but more specifically Black Males. Raja Staggers-Hakim’s article argues the needs of Black male youth, relative to police killings, are captured, and persistent racial stereotypes that are often used to justify the extra judicial killings of unarmed African American boys and young men are challenged. His argument understands the social epidemic of police killings on the emotional and psychological well-being of Black males to put an end to police killings.
I found that, today, people of color are more likely to be incarcerated and sentenced disproportionally than their white counterparts. Racial inequalities in the criminal justice system are evident now more than ever. Although some believe that we are now past racial disparities, people of color are still facing injustice in the criminal justice system as appose to whites. Furthermore, my research has found that mass incarceration of one race, leads to mass poverty in
Many American people became frustrated and their wish for the end came true – in a sense. Illegal bars called speakeasies, which sold black market liquor, began to evolve. This illegal trading allowed gangsters to gain fortunes. Bootleggers made and supplied illegal alcohol and essentially became heroes to the people who found themselves in desperate need of liquor. The government faced serious losses due to the effort on prohibition which eventually led to the end of the battle.
The prison system is a very complex industry and, believe it or not, is one of the main reasons that the incarceration rates of people continue to rise in the United States. Interestingly enough, the system that is created to punish the offenders, actually helps the prisoners learn from within the system only to return to jail when released into society because of its culture. Furthermore, the real reason for the increase in occupants is because of what is currently an epidemic in the United States. Are there any factors that shed light onto why this is? For example, does race play a factor since there are more blacks in prisons than whites?
What is the Article about: The article explains the mistake of prohibiting the sale of alcohol during the 1920-1933’s. It continues on to explain how making alcohol illegal led to an outbreak of black market’s and a hellacious amount of organized crime. The massive social experiment that had been created resulted in alcohol problems becoming worse. Method of research: Historical Analysis What did the article determine: The article determined that making alcohol illegal as a way to decrease crime had the opposite effect. Black markets were developed; homicides increased and large complex societies of organized crimes were created only creating a more hostile and dangerous environment for the people of America.