Recently, in our modernized society, a big topic in many aspects of our political and emotional lives has become sexuality. Sexuality is defined in The social construction of sex, gender, and sexuality article as, “those scripts shared by a group that are supposed to lead to erotic arousal and in turn to produce genital response.” (Reiss, 8) Especially in areas of which feminism studies are predominant, sexuality has become a frequently discussed theme. Feminists are interested in studying sexuality because it becomes a very heavy topic when looking at rights and equalities and how these may differ when regarding someone’s sexuality. It is also a concern to them because of the stereotypes and misjudgments put out on those of different sexualities …show more content…
We may not notice it day by day but looking back, especially over a number of years, things change. When looking back at what scientists thought about the human body two hundred years ago, merely nothing is the same. Jeffrey weeks brings up a good point that just as we recognize say the history of our ancestors, we must recognize the history of sexuality as well. If we don’t take the time to go over the evolution of the different debates and critical learnings of sexuality in the past how are we to ever move forward? Jeffrey weeks simply puts it as: “the best way of understanding sexuality is as a ‘historical construct.’”(weeks,365) I think the most important reason for giving recognition and consideration to the pest is that we are always evolving. Weeks makes it very clear that a big part of sexuality historically is the evolution of the language we use. He writes, “The development of the language we use is one valuable index of that: it is in constant evolution.” (Weeks, 367) Not only does the language we use evolve, but the relationship between men and women evolves drastically as well. Weeks pulls a quote from Krafft-Ebing: “The relations between men and women, in which female sexuality has been historically defined in relationship to the male.” (Weeks, 367) Recognizing the difference between then and now is very important because we can apply our knowledge from our past to improve our language and relationships of today. As Weeks put it: “We can understand attitude to the body and sexuality only in their specific historical context, by exploring the historically variable conditions that give rise to the importance assigned to sexuality in any particular time, and by grasping the various power relations that sharpen what comes to be seen as normal and abnormal, acceptable, and unacceptable behavior.” (Weeks, 368) To create a better path for our future, one where binary opinions have less influence on our knowledge we must understand
To understand the linkage between sexuality and gender, it is important to reimagine the relationship between sexuality and gender and the rapport they hold with self-identification. Not long ago, sexuality was tied to procreation - becoming the core of one’s identity. Gender had always been tied to biological sex. However, a crisis of gender identity emerged and blurred the gender and sexuality binaries that had become commonplace social facts. A fluidity was created that allowed individuals to not feel the pressure of fitting inside distinct identification categories.
they remain responsible for their sexual choices.” (Rubenfeld 2014). And, “When those spaces and parties are male-dominated, it’s a recipe for sexual predation…” (Rubenfeld 2014). Opinions differ greatly amongst this topic so these comments may not be seen as how he was portraying them.
Moreover, this restriction on expressing sexuality encourages passive behavior amongst women. In addition, linking a woman’s ethics to her body reinforces the double standard related to sexuality between men and women. Ultimately, being sexual is “stigmatized in women, but encouraged in men” (Heldman, Part 2). This double standard, combined with the expectations of passivity, reinforces the concept of rape culture. Women are expected to refrain from sex in order to embody purity and thus, are defined by what they do not do.
Other readings have discussed the history of sexuality—A history of Latina/o Sexualities. Throughout history, women were supposed to be passive. Women were there to please the man and ofter were viewed as the inferior. Sex was viewed as something that was essential only for reproduction; it was only to be pleasurable during a marriage and through very strict guidelines set by the church. This is still an influential way which women are being treated today.
But, how it changed the beliefs, values, behavior and attitudes about male dominance figure point in society overall. The co-authors Mary Lamanna, Agnes Riedman and Susan Stewart in “FSW 261, Miami University” shows how early America patriarchal society mindset has changed due to the progression of sexual freedoms and liberties equalities for all genders and races in America. The Sexual Revolution movement in the 1960’s proved how expressive sexuality among the genders to express emotional feelings and not solely based on biological factors to reproduce and have offspring but to enjoy it and build their intimacy between two people. (p. 86-86) The movement from conservative style of choice of sexuality to freedom of choice among society has brought severe consequences with them as well for the individual, couples, and families overall.
Although there are many factors that affect perception of gender roles during sexual intercourse and sexual preferences are unique to each individual there is often an understanding in heterosexual sex that the male plays the more dominant role and the female the submissive role and as identified in the paragraph above there is a general perception that men play the role of the seeker of sexual partnership while women play a passive role. The female role of passivity is also a common feature of scientific literature on reproduction, where the egg is “allocat[ed] the passive, waiting role” (Martin 496), just as a woman is when it comes to courting. These traditional gender roles designate control of dating interactions to men whereas the role of the woman is rarely considered. This designation of control connects to the myth that “women deserve rape”, that by dressingly too provocatively, or being too insatiable women are inducing the act of rape (Benedict 16). According to an article written by a man for the purpose of advising women, “like a wolf notices the scent of its prey, men notice a woman's sexual energy”
Anne McClintock wrote her essay “Gonad the Barbarian and the Venus Flytrap: Portraying the female and male orgasm” to examine pornography and how it has changed throughout history and its effects on how women perform as sexual beings. McClintock focuses on the various roles of pornography such as its emphasis on voyeurism, pleasure, and the male ego. She wants her readers to know that women are still not represented in pornography to satisfy their own desires, but they are there to cater to men and their subconscious. I will analyze how McClintock argues that due to the history of sexism towards women, the roles that men and women have in pornography are inherently different because of the societal belief that women are only seen as objects of sexual desire and are solely there to satisfy the male audience.
Inside and beyond the myth and the social impact of the subject as One or Substance. Alan H. Goldman’s essay ‘Plain Sex’ is a central contribution to the academic debate about sex within the analytic area, which has been developing since the second half of the ‘90s in Western countries. Goldman’s purpose is encouraging debate on the concept of sex without moral, social and cultural implications or superstitious superstructures. He attempts to define “sexual desire” and “sexual activity” in its simplest terms, by discovering the common factor of all sexual events, i.e. “the desire for physical contact with another person’s body and for the pleasure which such contact produces; sexual activity is activity which tends to fulfill such desire of the agent” (Goldman, A., 1977, p 40).
Human Sexuality Diane Dyche Sociology 21 # 22071 The top three things in my life that have most influence my viewpoints about sex and sexuality are my family, peers, and tv and movies. My family influenced my viewpoints on sex and sexuality because that is usually what I grew up listening to. My family was very open about a person’s sexuality and sex while growing up. They talked about gender roles, sexuality, and even sex.
Notice that it’s not black or Hispanic women who are making a fuss about this—they come from cultures that are fully sexual and they are fully realistic about sex.” (Paglia). Here, Paglia uses a hasty generalization by characterizing all young feminists as “protected, white, middle-class” and “sexually repressed.” She characterizes all black and Hispanic women as “fully sexual,” while offering only weak or no evidence to support her conclusion.
Society and culture shapes human sexuality that is what is interesting to sociologists. There are several levels in societal influences as well on human sexuality which includes macro levels, society as a whole and ethnic groups which could have the impact of one’s sexuality. Social institutions are influenced by social institution, religion, economy, family, medicine also law. Each institution supports “sexual ideology, or discourse, also sexual activity”. Important part of Americans life is religion.
Michel Foucault’s The History of Sexuality(1976), indicate that the history of sexuality is the history of oppression .The relationship of sex oppression always as power, knowledge and sex. Sex becomes an object to be oppress because it is unproductive in a capitalism society. The bourgeoisie not allow the workers use energy on sex, since workers’ energy is for production.
It suggests that all men will generally enjoy the same thing while all women will not wish to consume porn. This informs the misleading ideologies that are often present in culture about sexuality. In studying the misleading conceptions of sex, often supported and established by the porn industry, a dimension of sexuality can be examined in defining culture. When we dig into what we consider erotic or sexual and our emotion’s impact on that, we are inevitably analyzing culture and what it