In 1859 an abolitionist led a raid of 20 men to a federal arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia in order to supply slaves with weapons and provoke a slave rebellion (B). This man was named John Brown. Born to an evangelical Christian family, Brown deeply hated slavery and favored military tactics to abolish it (C). Viewed as a martyr in the North and a murderer in the South, he had a great impact on the abolition movement. People even today continue to debate on how to define him. Although many consider John Brown a terrorist since he led a premeditated attack on the South, he is a freedom fighter since he increased abolition support and he lived up to the revolutionary principles of America. Many northerners were indifferent about the issue …show more content…
“Look nearer at the ungathered relics of those who have gone to languish in prison or to die in rescuing others or rescuing themselves from chains in Slave States, or look at that new saint, than whom none purer or more brave ever was led by love of men into conflict and death, the new saint awaiting his martyrdom, and who, if he shall suffer, will make the gallows glorious like the cross” (G). This lecture inspired many to see that John Brown is indeed a martyr and fought for slaves rights. Because of this, the abolition movement increased around the country because many people were then influenced by Emersons stance on slavery. Consequently in New England, towns were replete with church bells ringing at the time of his hanging, as well as many songs and paintings commemorating him. The song “John Brown’s Body” by James E. Greenleaf, talked about how Brown was sent by God to terminate slavery. Also, the song was even used by the Republican Party as their theme song (D). Obviously, many people would come to honor John Brown. But some …show more content…
The FBI defines terrorism as "premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience." (W). This statement proves that Brown’s actions are defined as terrorism since his raid was planned in secrecy because it was planned over months and funded mainly funded by 6 men, called the secret 6, since it was funded secretly (. However, clandestine actions might have been necessary in battling slavery. The southerner 's, Democrats, and slaveholders had supported slavery heavily. All southern states sanctioned slavery, and James Buchanan, the president, was a Democrat. Southerners stated that slavery was a civilized practice. The painting “The Negro in his Home Country” shows how if slaves were to be emancipated and go back to Africa, they would live barbarically and would become uncivilized (C). Southerners argued that slavery would keep them in a proper state and become cultured. This was one of the main defenses of slavery and was used by southern politicians like former representative from South Carolina John C. Calhoun (S). John Brown therefore saw it as fair to attack with violence since fighting slavery would be very difficult. In 1855, he stated, “It is a war to the death between good and evil. We must fight fire with fire.” (Z). This justifies
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Treason, the act betraying one’s country or attempt to overthrow the government. John Brown did no such thing as a peaceful approach would gain nothing. Document B: Last Meeting Between Frederick Douglass and John Brown; Although the plan to attack a Federal Arsenal was “a measure to be fatal” according to Frederick Douglass. Despite the fact of taking the peculiar measures to end slavery, Brown still went through with his plans. When Brown and his men were either killed or captured people had mixed thoughts and feelings toward them.
In his life, Brown have made contact with many popular person who also share his beliefs about slavery, from Harriet Tubman, Frederick Douglass and Henry David Thoreau. He also is successfully gain financial support from partisans in the North. The author show Brown’s History though his tough time, the way he did to promote Abolitionist movement while dealing with the economy growth of Southern. Brown’s military strategy seems to be not existent.
He kills many people who just are in his way. On the night of May 24, 1856, the radical abolitionist John Brown, five of his sons, and three other associates murders five proslavery men brutally with knives and swords. Just four years later, he seizes the arsenal at the Harpers Ferry, take weapons from there, and destruct many properties of the town. By destructing properties and murdering many innocent people, he starts a guerrilla war. He kills many people and scares many others.
John Brown (May 1800- December 1859) was a Militant American Abolitionist and an antislavery martyr. Brown worked many jobs such as a tanner, sheep driver, wool merchant, farmer, and land speculator, in order to take care of his family, but he was, most importantly, helpful in setting hostility that lead to the Civil War (1851-1856). Being an enemy of slavery, Brown did not mind living in a black community in New York and even wanted to win justice for slaves. He assisted antislavery forces in Kansas (1855) and become the leader of antislavery guerillas. Brown led a raid on a settlement that was for slavery and became "Old Osawatomie Brown", a man feared by slavery apologist.
He was the man that raided Harper’s ferry leading to the start of the civil war. He was excecuted in 1859 at the age of 59 and his body now rest at the John Brown Farm and grave site in Lake Placid, New York. We believe that the acts of John Brown were acts of terroism because of the ways he handled the situations. In Kansas John Brown and his sons led an attack on pro slavery residents in that area. John Brown and his sons killed 5 pro slavery residents and claimed that it was god’s will.
And he had a idea how to but, it just got executed wrong because speeches wouldn't heal the broken nation. John Brown knew what was wrong and what was right at a young age. He knew he could stop slavery so he went for it. And he treated it just the people still do in the modern world.
I think John Brown was a hero, because he tried to find ways to free slaves. Even though he killed people or got people killed in the process, he still was trying his best to help free slaves. Supplying the slaves with weapons was a good idea, but did not turn out they way he wanted. Everyone messes up, but he still had this plan to try and help free slaves.
Many people have no clue who John Brown was. John Brown was an American abolitionist who believed that slaves should be treated equally. John Brown was a white man who lived in the North and thought what was happening in the South would have to come to an end. Brown believed the only way to get rid of slavery in the South was violence. He brutally killed many slaveholders and their families in the South because they owned slaves.
John Brown is a abolitionist who was against slavery and has made a big impact to the abolitionist movement for slavery. Many debate is John brown was a hero or a murderer. He planned to help the movement by opposing a raid on harper leas ferry and wanted to free slaves and help them fight back. However his decision left a different type of impact.
Since his early childhood, John Brown was exposed to Calvinist theology. This ideology was later crucial influence to his actions to free slaves. John Brown was born into a family of slavery-hating devout Calvinists . This fact is key to understand Brown’s ideals behind his actions. Calvinists believe that people’s purpose in life is to satisfy God.
In the United States, during the eighteen-hundreds’, a small group of people believed that slavery was immoral and did many things to abolish it. John Brown, a Caucasian male who was part of this group of people, did two things that many people in United States history didn’t have the passion to do. John Brown’s life was very interesting: His early life and transition to adulthood, his decision to fight for the cause, his actions of violence in Kansas and Harper’s Ferry, along with, the long-lasting effects of these actions led to his hanging. These events were pivotal to the beginning of the Civil War. “John Brown was born in Torrington, Connecticut, on May 9, 1800, five months after the death of George Washington”(Marrin,7).
George Fitzhugh claimed that "The Negro slaves of the South are the happiest the freest people in the world." (Document H). John Brown a major person in the fight to end slavery "led a band of 18 men into Virginia to seize the federal arsenal there, distribute the captured arms to slaves in the area, and create a general slave uprising." (Document I).John Brown was executed and the aftermath of his death made tensions rise betwwen the North and South. "
John Brown DBQ The federal government tried to silence the people! Some people saw Mr. John Brown as a, “misguided fanatic,” however I disagree. Brown was a hero for this nation and a wake up call towards the god resented sin of slavery. One reason he was not a misguided fanatic was thoroughly explained in, “John Brown’s Speech.”
Looking at what he has fought for, it’s no doubt that he fought for a noble cause which is the freedom of slavery. John Brown shouldn’t be known as hero or terrorists because of want he has done applies to both sides. John Brown shouldn’t be known as a terrorist or a national hero because of his violent attack and raids. After, September 11, 2001 John Brown has been called a terrorist which has caused controversy about Brown’s legacy and reputation. Furthermore, in the article, The 9/11 of 1859 says, “He led 21 men all but two in their 20s, and many of them radicalized by guerilla fighting in Bleeding Kansas, the abolitionists’ Afghanistan”(Horowitz).
Shortly after the conflict at Harpers Ferry was resolved, “Brown was convicted of treason and murder and was sentenced to hang” (TAJ, 553). His death issued a plethora of different reactions and outrage. For instance, many were relieved that Brown would no longer be able to continue his insane schemes against slavery. Even Northerners criticized Brown for not choosing to oppose slavery in a peaceful manner.