Introduction: John Stuart Mill essay on Consideration On representative Government, is an argument for representative government. The ideal form of government in Mill's opinion. One of the more notable ideas Mill is that the business of government representatives is not to make legislation. Instead Mill suggests that representative bodies such as parliaments and senates are best suited to be places of public debate on the various opinions held by the population and to act as watchdogs of the professionals who create and administer laws and policy. Analysis: Societies for centuries have searched for an answer to the enduring problem: “Who should rule us?” This question has been one of the central debates in political philosophy as well as in …show more content…
If people have no place to voice their will or take part in deciding their own destiny, the community might grow disinterested and passive in their relationship with their government. Mill believes this is problematic for society because history, as he sees it, has shown that more democratic societies have more ‘energetic, and ‘developed’ societies as well as more ‘go ahead characters’ not seen in more totalitarian societies. Yet, this criticism might fail to cover a deeper problem of disinterest; it might lead to a level of moral deficiency as well. Mill fears that a loss of ability and activity, leads to a society losing its sense of communal responsibility and social justice. In their aloofness, people might be less inclined to believe that they have any responsibility to society since society has ceased to have any rights or purpose under absolute authority. Mill even posits that religion becomes stunted under such absolute power. Religion, as a possible source of moral knowledge and Faith, ceases to have a social aspect; the human person begins to only have a spiritual relationship with the divine .As such, one’s religious concerns become ones of private salvation with no concern for
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Throughout history, people have waged deep philosophies, protests and even war for the purpose of government. From Biblical writings to present day battles the struggle for balanced and limited governments, continue to rewrite history. In fact, this conflict between powers of the government and its citizens resulted in a revolutionary philosophy, "government by the people, for the people" that forever shaped our nation and the world. Upon the completion of the French and Indian War, Great Britain found itself drowning in debt. Although the British were victorious, the toll from fighting multiple fronts depleted British resources and led the government to near destruction.
The leaders of the national government will be leaders of “wisdom, experience, justice, and virtue”(Choices Education Project). The leaders will create a strong base for not only today’s society but also for years to come. The citizens elect these leaders. The leaders serve limited terms and can be voted out of office.
The Primary objective of all leaders should be to control citizens. A society that allows authority to be challenged will never succeed. This source depicts an authoritarian or totalitarian view of what a governing body should look like. The author suggests that the primary objective of government should be the “control of the citizens”, and therefore that the individuals should entirely obey said government.
Whether it is at the dinner table or in my family’s group text message, the conversation about my brother’s custody battle with my mother’s side of the family seems to remain a bitter topic, especially when discussing my role in it. When my father physically harmed my brother to the extent to which he had to go to the emergency room, the custody trial over my brother and me began. After several sources provided the judge with accusations against my father, I was the final source that needed to assert or deny my father’s abuse; with heavy consideration, I decided to lie to the judge by denying my father’s abuse. Under the principle of utilitarianism, philosophers would infer that lying is permissible if the consequences of doing so are good.
John Locke's Second Treatise of Government is a work which could be considered modern in nature. Throughout the book Locke espouses ideals such as a the fundamentally equal nature of all humans, and the purpose of government not as a religious institution, but as a tool of the people. Ideas such as those articulated in Locke's Second Treatise were a driving force behind the events which eventually lead to the Glorious revolution. The events which lead to the gradual decline of the British crown and the rise of Parliamentary power were essentially textbook Lockean situations, in which an executive power attempts to reach out of its established bounds and is ousted by the people. In these cases the role of the Whig Party is that of the nation
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are two theorists known for their views regarding the social contract. Both theorists study the origins of government and the level of authority given to the state over individuals, thoroughly constructing their arguments through the social contract. A philosophical approach was used in both Hobbes’s and Locke’s arguments, however supporting different authorities. Thomas Hobbes advocates for absolutism whilst John Locke advocates for a constitutional government. Through the close examination of the state of nature, the relationships between subject and sovereign and views regarding the social contract, one can observe a more sensible basis for constructing a successful political society.
Second, there develops an extraordinary confidence in humanity's capacity to know and even to master nature, society, and the self. Third, the problems of politics are not simply to be mitigated, but they are to be permanently solved. Fourth, the autonomous individual, rather than society, is assumed to be the starting point for constructing a political system that would provide the grounds for legitimating and justifying a political system. First, the new science provides an essential break with the medieval world.
John Locke discusses within in his book, “Second Treatise of Government,” the concepts of natural rights of individuals as well as the legitimate exercise of political power. Within his writing, Locke links his abstract beliefs to a theory of personal property wholly protected from governmental invention. This joining of ideas helps Locke make an argument against absolutism and unjust governments. In addition to his argument, Locke aims to explain how he believes that people have the right to rebel against their own government. In fact, he promotes people to rebel against their own government because everyone should have a government that they trust.
Without the government, there is nobody to protect the rights of the individual. The Government is good for the economy” (Maguire 1). These reasons alone would make it very scary to live in France. Stuart Mill on the other had was for the people. He was all about giving people right, until they gave the government a reason to take their freedom away.
602566 Epitome of Chaos: Becoming Better in the Worst Since the age of Babylon, the comforting structure of government and the sacred doctrine of law converts humanity from zealous romantics of survival of the fittest to obsequious subjects of a consecrated authority, whether graven upon an image of symbolic idolatry or vested in the hands of an extolled leader. The social impetus to be governed by and serve a leader is a human instinct as primeval and impulsive as the drive to belong in a social hierarchy. With the compelling feeling to belong, to cohere and conform with fellow associates comes the overpowering sense of unity. Rather than pave the setting for harmonious tranquility perpetual happiness, the predisposed inclination to collectivism
A good society, from some points of view, is one in which all individuals are free. The government does not control the people in any way and every person lives as they please as long as they do not encroach on each other’s liberties. In a free society, individuals have the right to liberty and its protection from the agendas of others, including authoritative figures. As shown through John Hospers, Ken Kesey’s character McMurphy, and India’s Nehru, a free society does not allow for the presence of an all-powerful authority. John Hospers, a philosopher, describes libertarianism as a fundamental part of a free society that does not allow for extremely authoritative leaders similar to Nurse Ratched in Ken Kesey’s novel, One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s
John Stuart Mill, at the very beginning of chapter 2 entitled “what is utilitarianism”. starts off by explaining to the readers what utility is, Utility is defined as pleasure itself, and the absence of pain. This leads us to another name for utility which is the greatest happiness principle. Mill claims that “actions are right in proportions as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.” “By Happiness is intended pleasure and the absence of pain, by happiness, pain and the privation of pleasure”.
I chose to review the fifth chapter of “New Ideas From Dead Economists” titled The Stormy Mind of John Stuart Mill. John Stuart Mill was born in 1806 in London to two strict parents who began to educate their son at a very young age. Mill’s father was James Mill, a famous historian and economist, who began to teach his son Greek at the age of three. The book reports that “by eight, the boy had read Plato, Xenophon, and Diogenes” and by twelve “Mill exhausted well-stocked libraries, reading Aristotle and Aristophanes and mastering calculus and geometry” (Buchholz 93). The vast amount of knowledge that Mill gained at a young age no doubt assisted him in becoming such a well-recognized philosopher and economist.
1 INTRODUCTION Power and authority are the most important aspects of politics as such way of thinking comes a long way from the earliest thinkers such as Plato and Aristotle to mention few. They are the fundamental features of state in politics, focusing on who should have the power and authority over the people and who should rule them. During the time prior and after the birth of states, political authority has always been a major concern with regards to who should rule and how and who shouldn’t. Therefore this issues need to be addressed in a way that will at the end benefit the society. Plato is the thinker or theorist who came with addressing who should rule in a political environment in what Plato outlined that only Philosophers should rule.
Being Free 1st draft Freedom is word used in a lot of contexts, but the official meaning of the word is “the power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants” (Freedom). Meaning that you have the right to do something, with the focus being on you as an individual. This means no one can tell you what to do, like for example a state. This is an important aspect and part of political theory. Liberty is also used and viewed as the same category of theory, and has the definition “The state of being free within society from oppressive restrictions imposed by authority on one’s behavior or political views” (Liberty).